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The Stolen Generations Timeline

  • James cook Claims possesion

    James Cook claims possession of the whole east coast of Australia. Cook raises the British flag at Possession Island, off Cape York Peninsula in Queensland.
  • First fleet Lands

    The first fleet lands in port Jackson. British settlement in Australia begins. There are many problems between them and the aboriginal Australians reports over the next 10 years.
  • Resettled on Flinders

    Tasmanian Aboriginal people are resettled on Flinders Island without success. Later, the community is moved to Cape Barren Island.
  • Protection Board of Aborigines

    Victorian Board for the Protection of Aborigines is established. The Governor can order the removal of any child to a reformatory or industrial school.
  • New south wales Aborginal Protection board

    It is established to manage the lives of 9,000 people.
  • Aboriginal Protection and Restriction of the Sale of Opium Act (QLD)

    allows the Chief Protector to remove local Aboriginal people onto and between reserves and hold children in dormitories. The Director of Native Welfare is the legal guardian of all 'aboriginal' children whether their parents are living or not until 1965.
  • Australia Becomes a Federation

    The Constitution states that Aboriginal People will not be counted in the census, and that the Commonwealth has the power to make laws relating to any race of people In Australia with the exception of Aborigines.
  • Act passed Western Australia

    Act is passed. Under the act, the Chief Protector is made the legal guardian of every Aboriginal and 'half-caste' child under 16 years old. In the following years, other states and territories enact similar laws.
  • Aborigines protection act (NSW)

    Gives the Aborigines Protection Board power to assume full control and custody of the child of any Aborigine if a court found the child to be neglected under the Neglected Children and Juvenile Offenders Act 1905 (NSW).
  • Act passed South Australia

    Makes the Chief Protector the legal guardian of every Aboriginal and 'half-caste' child.
  • The Aborigines Protection Amending Act (NSW)

    This gave power the the Aborigines protection board to be able to remove children without the need to go to court
  • Infants welfare act (TAS)

    Infants welfare act (TAS)
    Remove indigenous children on cape barren island form their families.
  • Commenwealth state Conference

    on the 'native welfare' adopts assimilation as the national policy. For all states
  • Day of mourning

    Australian Aborigines Conference held in Sydney. Meeting on January 26, the 150th Anniversary of NSW, Aborigines mark the 'Day of Mourning'.
  • NSW board looses it power

    The indigenous board looses it power to remove children. The Board is renamed the Aborigines Welfare Board
  • The NSW Aborigines Protection Board loses its power to remove Indigenous children.

    The Board is renamed the Aborigines Welfare Board.
  • Universal declaration of human rights

    The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is adopted by the newly-formed United Nations, and was supported by Australia.
  • A national referendum is held to amend the Constitution

    Australians confer power on the Commonwealth to make laws for Aboriginal people. Aborigines are included in the census for the first time
  • A national referendum is held to amend the Constitution.

    Australians confer power on the Commonwealth to make laws for Aboriginal people. Aborigines are included in the census for the first time.
  • The Aborigines Welfare Board

    finally abolished in 1969.
  • All states repealed the legislation allowing for the removal of Aboriginal children

    All the states remove the policy that allowed them to take children. In the following years, Aboriginal and Islander Child Care Agencies are set up to contest removal applications and provide alternatives to the removal of Indigenous children from their families.
  • Aborigines welfare board gone

    finally abolished.
  • Neville Booner first aboriginal in parliment

    Neville Bonner was born in 1922 and died in 1999. He started his early working life as a ringbarker, canecutter and stockman. He later spents 16 years on the repressive Palm Island Aboriginal Reserve where he learned many of the skills that would help him later as a politician. Bonner became the first Aboriginal person in Federal Parliament, representing Queensland as a Liberal Party Senator from 1971 to 1983.
  • Tent of Embassy

    The Aboriginal Tent Embassy is pitched outside Parliament House in Canberra to demonstrate for Land Rights. four young Aboriginal men put up a beach umbrella on the lawns outside Parliament House in Canberra and put up a sign which read 'Aboriginal Embassy'. Over the following months, supporters of the embassy black and white were up to 2000.
  • Racial discrimination act

    The Commonwealth Government passes the Racial Discrimination Act 1975
  • The Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act is passed

    Thus act was passed by the commonwealth government. Gave recognition of Aboriginal land ownership, granting land rights to 11, 000 Aboriginal people and enabling other Aboriginal people to lodge a claim for recognition of traditional ownership of their lands.
  • Link-up introduced

    Link-Up provides family tracing, reunion and support for forcibly removed children and their families.
  • Aboriginal Child Placement Principle

    developed principally due to the efforts of Aboriginal and Islander Child Care Agencies (“AICCAs”) during the 1970s, is incorporated in NT welfare legislation to ensure that Indigenous children are placed with Indigenous families when adoption or fostering is necessary. The other states followed later on
  • Voting in Northern territory

    Elections are held and for the first time voting is compulsory for Aboriginal people.
  • The Bicentennial of British Settlement in Australia takes place

    It marked 200 years since the arrival of the First Fleet of British convict ships. Thousands of Indigenous people and supporters march through the streets of Sydney to celebrate cultural and physical survival.
  • Council for aboriginal reconciliation

    Parliament noted that there had not been a formal process of reconciliation to date, 'and that it was most desirable that there be such a reconciliation’ by 2001. This was especially need since it was founded that of 99 deaths it investigated in the aboriginal culture, 43 were of people who were separated from their families as children.
  • The High Court of Australia hands down its landmark decision in Mabo v Queensland

    They decides that native title exists over particular kinds of lands – unalienated Crown Lands, national parks and reserves – and that Australia was never terra nullius or empty land.
  • International Year of Indigenous People.

    The Commonwealth Government passes the Native Title Act 1993. This law allows Indigenous people to make land claims under certain situations. Claims cannot be made on privately-owned land.
  • Period: to

    Going home conference

    The Going Home Conference in Darwin brings together over 600 Aboriginal people removed as children to discuss common goals of access to archives, compensation, rights to land and social justice.
  • Period: to

    Bringing them home report

    Is a report on the findings of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families to the Commonwealth Government. The parliaments and governments of Victoria, Tasmania, ACT, New South Wales, South Australia and Western Australia all gave out statements recognising and publicly apologising to the ‘Stolen Generations’ and those effected by it.
  • Wik Case

    is a decision of the High Court of Australia delivered on 23 December 1996 on whether statutory leases extinguish native title rights.
  • The Commonwealth Government amends the Native Title Act.

    This means that it resricted the aboriginals could claim native title
  • Federal Parliament issues a statement of deep and sincere regret

    They apologised for removing the aboriginal children from their families. This is the statement released:
  • Australia appears before the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

    The Committee criticises the Commonwealth Government’s inadequate response to recommendations of the Bringing Them Home Report. Yet the government denied that the stolen generations ever existed.
  • The Northern Territory Government repeals its mandatory sentencing laws.

    The northern territory government gave an apology to people who were removed from their families.
  • The Social Justice Report 2001 and Native Title report 2001 are presented to Commonwealth Parliament

    These reports raised serious concerns about the nations progress in achieving indigenous rights.
    Speeches were:
    Whatever happened to Reconciliation? Speech by Dr William Jonas at the media conference to launch the Social Justice Report 2001 and the Native Title Report 2001: Social Justice Report 2001 – Reconciliation Progress Report:
  • Aboriginal awarded compensation

    The first member of the Stolen Generations was awarded compensation, for the sexual assault she was a victim ti while working as a domestic servant for a family and suffering sexual assault and violence.
  • The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice

    The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner publicly criticises the failure of governments to provide financial and social reparations for members of the Stolen Generation, a national apology for individuals that were forcibly removed to reconnect with their culture.
  • Memorial to stolen Generations

    The Commonwealth Government establishes a memorial to the Stolen Generations at Reconciliation Place in Canberra.
  • National Sorry day

    The National Sorry Day Committee announces that in 2005, Sorry Day will be a ‘National Day of Healing for All Australians’
  • The first Stolen Generations compensation scheme

    Was set up in Tasmania by the Stolen Generations of Aboriginal Children Act 2006
  • 10th anniversary of the bringing them home reprt

    There were many celebrations on this day. Between the aboriginal community.
  • The federal government publically apologises to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people

    They apologised for the forced removal of children that went on throughout history. Both the government and the opposition support the apology and say ‘sorry’ to Aboriginal people who were taken away from their families from 1900 to the 1970s.