A period of Transition- the civil rights movement

  • Brown v. Board of Education

    This court case overturned Plessy v Ferguson, which meant it was the unconstitutional to have separate schooling for white and black children. This development impacted 12 million children in 21 state but their was widespread opposition to integration of schools.
  • Murder of Emmett Till

    The murder of Emett Till was extrmely important for the civil rights movement because it showed blacks in the north that violence in the south affected them also. additionally this case encouraged more blacks to fight for their rights in court.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock high school was the first high school in Arkansas to be desegregated. Nine black high students in the area were chosen to attend the school but face immense opposition from the towns people and could not even make it into the building with out assistance from the national guard. this event is important because it's the beginning of desegregation in high schools and hilights discrimination.
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1957

    This is the first civil rights legislation since reconstitution and aimed to increase the number of black voters in the country.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    The monstgomery bus boycotts started in protest of segregation on busses where blacks weren't allowed to sit by whites and had to sit in the back. this movement helped to launch a 10 year national struggle for freddom in the civil rights movement.
  • First Sit-In

    At greensbourough in North Carolina was the first sit-in and the start of the sit in movement in which was a form of non-violent resistance that challenged segregation only by asking for food.
  • March on Washington

    250,000 people gather on the national mall to protest desegregation of federal facilities and ask for access to jobs and more opportunities. this event was widely televised and earned support from many famous americans and had a big impact on having equality with jobs because the event was made so popular.
  • The 24th Ammendment

    the 24th ammendment outlawed poll taxes in federal elections that way more african americans would be able to vote in elections and have their voices heard. most states who hadn't already outlawed the poll tax ratified this ammendment but then 4 only ratified after it went into effect, and Texas did not even ratify this ammendment until a few years ago.
  • Civil rights Act of 1964

    The civil rights act of 1964 banned discrimination in employment and public places, as well as increased federal aurthority to protect voting rights and spread school desegregation.
  • Bloody Sunday

    500-600 marchers took part in the Selma marches whish started after atempts were amde to stop blacks from voting. on the first of these marches, 500-600 marchers took part of the march which found opposition by state troopers who began beating the marchers. Images of this event were televised and shocked many people, so that national opinion shifted from seeing the awful abuse the african americans taking part in the march underwent.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    This act, introduced by President Lyndon Johnson outlawed literacy tests as a qualification for voting and outlawed denying one the right to vote based on race or color. This act also established federal oversight of elections.
  • Appointing of Thurgood Marshall to supreme court.

    Thurgood Marshall was the first african american elected appointed as a justice of the supreme court. Being a lifetime occupation, it is an honor to be one of the justices and he would continued to help in the fight for equality by making fair rulings.
  • Civil rights Act of 1968

    The civil rights act of 1968 prohibits discrimination of public housing in addition to banning other types of discrimination. This was a great step forward in bringing equality to the rights given to both whites and blacks.
  • Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

    Martin Luther King Jr. is the most known figure of the civil rights movement and greatly impacted the progress of gaining rights through civil disobediance and forms of non violent protesting. His death was a tragedy and it showed the awful violence of those against the civil rights movement, which in turn caused many whites to see how unfairly violent people were being, and to side against whites in favor of white supremacy.
  • Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education

    In this court case the court ruled that an appropriate way to integrate students was to bus white students to inner city areas and black students to suburbs. This didn't quite have the desired results and riots, walk outs, and de facto segregation ensued since many were angry at being taken to another school where they weren't entirely welcome.