Tang 20dynasty 2010015684tm

Chinese Dynastic Timeline

  • Nov 17, 626

    Li Yuan

    Li Yuan
    Founder of Tang Dynasty
    -the imperial examination system intoroduced in order to ensure that talented people ruled China
    -concentrated on uniting the empire under the Tang. By 628, along with his son, they succeded.
  • Nov 17, 627

    Tang Taizong

    Tang Taizong
    -rebel leader seized Chang'an and proclaimed new dynasty- the Tang
    -second Tang emperor: ambitious and ruthless (murdered two brothers and pushed father aside)
    -great energy, ability + policies
    -era of unusual stability and prosperity
  • Nov 17, 627

    Equal Field System

    Equal Field System
    -land distribution and tax collection
    -ensure equitable land and avoid concentration of property per family.
    -land was allotted to families according to nerds
  • Nov 19, 1121

    Song Rebellions

    Song Rebellions
    -Rebellions followed economic centres. If economy was bad, rebellions would rise.
    -Among them, the Fangla Uprising in Zhejiang and the Liangshanpo Uprising in Shandong were two influential rebellions that greatly weakened the Song.
  • Nov 19, 1127

    Tributary State

    Tributary State
    -A tributary state is a state, colony, region, or people who pay tribute to a more powerful state.
    -During the Song, the emperors gave "gifts" to the Xiongnu and the Khitan.
    -the tribute system began to have both an administrative way to control their interests, as well as a way of providing exclusive trading priorities to those who paid tribute from foreign regions.
  • Nov 19, 1279

    Population Growth

    Population Growth
    -During the reign of the Song Dynasty the world population grew from about 250 million to approximately 330 million, a difference of 80 million
    -Mainly due by prominent agricultural production
    -Surplus of food = population growth
  • Nov 19, 1279

    Mongol Invasion

    Mongol Invasion
    -Kublai Khan's Mongol Yuan Dynasty defeats the Song Dynasty in the Battle of Yamen.
    -Mongols conquest of China is completed and puts and end to the Song Dynasty.
    -the Yuan navy delivered a crushing tactical and strategic victory Picture: A park in commemoration of the battle in Xinhui, Guangdong
  • Tang Decline

    Tang Decline
    • regional military governors took advantage of their power and worked as independent regimes -internal corruption + natural disasters such as droughts and famine. -Rebellion of An Lushan in 755 weakened the dynasty -One of the legacies that the Tang government left was the rise of regional military governors, the jiedushi, who began to challenge the central government
  • Song Taizu

    Song Taizu
    -First emperor and founder of dynasty
    -centralized admin. that placed military forces under supervision + encouraged generals to retire so they wouldn't displace him
    -Confucian education + civil service examinations for loyal imperial servants which had high salaries
  • Buddhist Persecution

    Buddhist Persecution
    -Confucian and Daoist critics of Buddhism found allies in imperial court and began the expulsion of Buddhist, Zaroastrians, Nestorian Christians, and Manichaeans.
    -persecutions started by Tang emperors.
    -Could not manage to eradicate religions because of tremendous popularity
  • Period: to

    Tang Dynasty

    At the end of Sui Dynasty, the country was full of chaos. Rebellions by peasants were everywhere.Tang rulers organized China into a powerful, productive, and prosperous state.
    -China flourished, the social order was stable, corruption never existed in the court and the national boundaries were even open to foreign countries.
  • Period: to Nov 18, 1279

    Song Dynasty

    -The foundation marked the reunification of China after the Tang's fall.
    -During dynasty, many groups pressured through China's northern borders
    -The Northern Song: the time when the Song capital was in the northern city of Kaifeng and the dynasty controlled most of inner China.
    -The Southern Song: the time after the Song lost control of northern China to the Ju. Retreated and founded new capital, Hangzhou