Conflict on the Great Plain

  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    This act gave 160 free acres of land to a settler who paid a filing fee and lived on the land for five years. New settlers and many immigrants with U.S. citizanship came, also singla and widow women. This gave many people a new life to start over in the western lands.
  • Fetterman Massacre

    Fetterman Massacre
    A Sioux military leader named Crazy Horse lured a dispatch of 80 men away from the other part of their army. Hundreds of indian troops were waiting for them. The soldiers were ambushed and all of the soldiers were wiped out. This happened in Montana.
  • Treaty of Fort Laramie

    Treaty of Fort Laramie
    This treat said that the Sioux would move to the Black Hills reservations. The Black Hills were sacred to the Sioux, but this treaty was broken when General George Custard led a troop to check a rumor of gold. This lead up to the Discovery of 1874 and Battle of Little Big Horn,
  • Discovery of 1874

    Discovery of 1874
    In 1874 gold was discovered in the Black Hills of Dakota. When a troop was sent to see if a rumor was true about gold being "from the grass down". Even though that are was protected for Sioux indians. Prospectors began coming into the land but, the Sioux protested and the government didn't protect their rights, intead they tried to buy the land from them.
  • Battle of Little Big Horn

    Battle of Little Big Horn
    Custer was sent to lead a troop 250 soldiers to round up the Native Americans and move them to reservations. He was looking for a triumph over a battle for glory. He greatly underestimated the native Americans... there were thousands of Sioux and Cheyenne troops. Custer and his troops were wiped out and when news of the defeat reached the rest of the nation they were shocked. The victory was short lived for the native americans as an army was then sent to drive them away to reservations.
  • Ghost Dance

    Ghost Dance
    The Ghost Dance was a ritual performed by the Sioux to regain their former greatness, claimed by Wovoka, a prophet. This ritual was a way for the Sioux to express their culture. Government officials banned the the dance because of its spreading. Sitting Bull was killed in this because he was believed to be the leader of the movement. Police came to arrest him but in the scruffle he was shot.
  • Battle of Wounded Knee

    Battle of Wounded Knee
    After Sitting Bulls death thousands of Lakota gathered at a creek called Wounded Knee. No one knows how the fighting started but when pistol shots rang out the army attacked. 200 Sioux and 25 soldiers were killed. This battle marked the end of the battle between whites and Native Americans.