Chapter 12

  • 220

    End of the Han dynasty

    The end of the Han dynasy thrust China into an era of turmoil and continous warrior for power.
  • 221

    Buddhist influence during political confustion

    During the time of political strife, Buddhism offerered a ray of hope to the low class and somewhat of an escape route to their difficult lives, one more satisfying the confuciasm
  • May 27, 627

    Tang Taozong

    A cofounder of the dynasty, with Gaoza, he was an examplary role model and he helped chinas military and economy flourish.
  • May 27, 712

    Xuazong emporer

    Xuanzong had the longest reign in the tang dynasty, he was a powerrful and astute leader, though he was creditied to not resisting the anshi rebbelions fully.
  • May 27, 1050

    Invention of the block with movable type

    The invention of the improved movable type coupled with the invention of paper in China helped them produce written records and scholarly records, which helped them to become one of the most litterraly advanced empires.
  • May 27, 1067

    Shezang emporer; reforms and of Wang anshi

    His reforms expanded the use of money, helped decrease the amount of private monopolies, bettered the military by supporting local militias, and he expanded the examination process.
  • May 27, 1100

    Invention of gunpowder

    The invention of gunpowder helped the Chinese to gain an edge over the nomadic invaders who posed an ongoing threat, they made chinese fireworks and rockets which were some of the most advanced weapons in the world.
  • May 27, 1115

    Jurchen kingdom north of china

    The chinese were forced to pay embarrasing tribute payments to the Jurchens and they had retreated so far from nomadic invaders that they barley had any land, this coupled with Chinggis Khan meant emmanant defeat for the Chinese.
  • May 27, 1127

    Southern Song Dynasty

    The southerm song dynasty was a small empire that was forced to pay tribute payments and feared invasion at all time, it couldnt support itself and was soon replaced.
  • May 27, 1279

    Mongol dynasty reigns

    The mongol reign of china during the Yuan dynasty changed many things about chinese life but also kept many aspects of their culture and drew in cultures from all around the world.
  • First use of the compass

    The chinese use of compasses greatly expanded sea exploration and made the Chinese ships some of the most technologicaly advanced in the world.
  • Sui dynasty: the grand canal

    The grand canal was one of many enormous public works projects under the chinese dynastys, it a burden to huge numbers of peasants but helped china grow as a whole.
  • Gaoza emporer

    Gaoza was able to pacify the tursks, potentially dangerous nomads. He also abandoned the hasrsh traditional judicial system.
  • Tang Dynasty

    Bureacrtic institutions were improved, the strain of confuciaism was stressed even more, but mahayana Buddhism asl so took root in Han Society.
  • Korean conquest; vassal state of silla.

    China invaded Korea and afterwards, Korea was forced to pay embarrasing tribute payments to China to avoid all out war.
  • Empress Wu: Buddhist influence peaks

    Empress Wu enormously advanced Buddhism's influence in china, many people followed her example of practicing Buddhism, but Confuciaism still dominated.
  • Period of Buddhist persecution

    Under emporer Wuzong, restrictions on Buddhist monasteries shifted to outright persecution; many monasteries were destroyed.
  • End of Tang dynasty

    After Xuazong, no leader could withstand the rebbelions and attack from ouside nomads, couple witht the fact that the economy became incareasingly worsr under Xuazong's succesors.
  • Song dynasty; Neo-Confucian revival

    Neo-confuciasm emerged in the song dynasty mixed with practices of the Tang dynasy, Male dominance was reasserted in the form of foot binding the restricted the women to their household.