The Wars EndRome finally destroys Carthage in the Third Punic War.
Scipio Makes a MoveThe Romans raised another army to be led by Scipio. Scipio decided that the best defence in the situation was offence. He took his forces to Carthage. Hannibal could either stay andattack Rome or go home and protect his people. At the Battle of Zama, Scipio defeated the Carthaginians. Carthage then gave Spain to Rome. Carthage had to pay a large fine and give up its navy.
Hannibal's DistructionHannibal led his army of 46,000, many horses, and 37 war elephants through Spain and through the Alps in northern Italy. Hannibal lost much of forces to the Alps. But he was still a powerful fighting force. Rome suffered badly in the Battle of Cannae in soutern Italy. Hannibal then raided much of Italy. Destroying farms and raiding small villages were some of the things he did.
Defeat of the Carthaginian NavyThe First Punic War was longer than 20 years long. Rome finally crushed the Carthaginian navy off the shore of Sicily. The Romans did not have a very strong navy until a Carthaginian ship washed ashore and the Romans mass produced it. Sicily came under Rome's rule.
Dispute Over SicilyBoth Rome and Carthage wanted Sicily. They began to fight over who should have control over Siclily. The Carthaginians were not going to stand for an invation andwere determoned to stop the Romans. This was the beginning of the First Punic War between Rome andCarthage.
The Second Punic War BeginsAfter Romes defeated Carthage's navy, Carthage decided to expand into southern Spain to make up for the loss. Rome didn't like this. They helped the citizens of Spain rebel. The Carthaginians, specificaly Hannibal (A Carthiginian general that was a really bad guy and had hated Rome since he was a little boy because his father was killed in the First Punic War). Hannibal lead the Carthaginians' army to attack Rome. This started the Second Punic War.