Civil RIghts Movement

  • Plessy v. Ferguson and de jure segregation

    de jure segregation-segregation that is imposed by a law. Plessy v. Ferguson was a case in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation was constitutional as long as the facilities were "seperate were but equal."
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    This was the case that ended segregation in America. It overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896.
  • Earl Warren

    He was a newly appointed Cheif Justice in the Supreme Court and wrote the decision on Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas,
  • Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam

    Malcolm X was a Civil Rights movement leader and took a more aggresive approach than Martin Luther King with his Islam followers. He was assassinated on February 21st 1965.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    He was an African American Lawyer from Baltimore. He headed the legal team that mounted the challenge of the NAACP. He also was the attorney that worked for the Plessy side in the Plessy v. Ferguson case.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott.

    It was a movement from 1955-56 and was led by Martin Luther King. African Americans walked to their jobs instead of using the bus after Rosa Parks's arrest.
  • Rosa Parks

    She was an African American seamstress who boarded a bus in Montgomery, Alabama. She sat in an empty seat. THe bus driver asked that she move for a white passenger, she refused to move and was arrested.
  • Civil RIghts Act of 1957

    It established a federal sivil rights commision and it was signed into law by president Eisenhower.
  • Sit in in Jackson Mississippi

    Four students ordered food at a white restaraunt and were refused food so stayed in until closing time in protest.
  • SNCC

    Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee. Wanted to create a grass roots movement that involved all classes of African Americans to defeat racism.
  • Freedom Ride- Washington D.C.

    Busses were taken around the country with no limits where blacks sat or where they used the restroom.
  • Freedom Ride- Anniston

    They stopped in Anniston and fought racism.
  • Freedom Ride- Birmingham Alabama

  • Freedom Ride- New Orleans

    They made a stop in New Orleans and they tried to protest segregation.
  • Martin Luther King Jr.

    He was a baptist minister that led the Civil Rights movement and gave many inspirational speeches such as the on during the March on Washington in 1963.
  • The Twenty-Fourth Amendment

    The twenty-fourth amendment made state and national governments unable to use a poll tax to keep blacks from voting. It made it easier for blacks to get the vote and was another step towards total equality.
  • Fannie Lou Hamer

    She attended the Democratic National Convention she spoke religously and gained respect for her strong and pridefull speeches.
  • Voting Rights Act

    This voting rights act made discriminatory practices in voting illegal. Jim Crowe laws were overruled and never saw use again.
  • Kerner Commision

    It was also known as the National Advisory Commission on civil disorders. It studied the causes of multiple 1967 race riots and tried to figure a solution to ending the riots.