In the Soviet Union, a United States U-2 spy plane is shot done by Soviet forces, leading to the capture of U.S. pilot Gary Powers.
Kennedy for president
Election is won by Senator John F. Kennedy, the Democratic candidate from Massachusetts, over Richard M. Nixon.
FDA approves birth control
the Food and Drug Administration approves the first birth control pill for sale.
President Kennedy initiates 17 billion dollar nuclear missile program, increases military aid to Indochina and announces the creation of the Peace Corps.
Construcion of Berlin wall
The construction of the Berlin Wall begins by the Soviet bloc, segregating the German city. The wall would last for twenty-eight years.
Build Fallout Shelters!
President Kennedy advises Americans to build fallout shelters.
Nuclear test ban
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty is ratified by Senate.
Nuclear Treaty takes effect
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty takes effect.
Kennedy is killed
In Dallas, Texas, during a motorcade through downtown, President John F. Kennedy is mortally wounded by assassin Lee Harvey Oswald. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn into office later that day.
War in vietnam
First American soldier officially sets foot on Vietnam battlefields, First U.S. combat troops begin fighting in South Vietnam.
Owsley starts LSD factory, making large quantities of acid available for the first time.
the government medical program for citizens over the age of 65, begins.
Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee while standing on a motel balcony by James Earl Ray.
The Apollo program completes its mission. Neil Armstrong, United States astronaut, becomes the first man to set foot on the moon four days after launch from Cape Canaveral.
The Internet, called Arpanet , begins development, and is invented by the Advanced Research Projects Agency at the U.S. Department of Defense.