1954-1975 Timeline APUSH by - 1403738

By 1403738
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    WHITE HOUSE Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961. He had previously been a five-star general in the United States Army during World War II.
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    US History

  • Operation Wetback

    Operation Wetback
    Wordpress On June 17, 1954, Eisenhower launched Operation Wetback in response to increasing illegal immigration to the United States. As many as three million illegal immigrants had crossed the U.S. Mexican border to work in California, Arizona, Texas and other states. Eisenhower opposed this movement, believing that it lowered the wages of American workers and led to corruption. The Immigration and Naturalization Service sent back to Mexico about 80,000 immigrants.
  • Brown vs Board of Education

    Brown vs Board of Education
    PBS The ruling in Brown vs Board of Education, was the first Surpreme Court Ruling against segregation. This ruling brought the desegregation of the public school system in the United States.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    History NAACP member Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" of a bus to a white passenger, defying a southern custom of the time. In response to her arrest the Montgomery black community launches a bus boycott.
  • Freedom RIders

    Freedom RIders
    Black Past In 1960, groups of "Freedom Riders" spread out across the south to end segregation in facilities serving interstate bus passengers. A white mob torched a Freedom Ride bus near Anniston, Alabama in 1961 anf Federal Marshalls were called in to protect the "Freedom Riders" Kennedy, David., et al. The American Pageant. Thirteenth edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006
    American Pagent 13th Edition, Kennedy
  • John F. Kennedy

    John F. Kennedy
    White House As President, he set out to redeem his campaign pledge to get America moving again. His economic programs launched the country on its longest sustained expansion since World War II; before his death, he laid plans for a massive assault on persisting pockets of privation and poverty and new legislation for civil rights.
  • Kennedy's New Frontier

    Kennedy's New Frontier
    Boston Kennedy called his domestic program the "New Frontier". It ambitiously promised federal funding for education, medical care for the elderly, economic aid to rural regions, and government intervention to halt the recession.
  • University of Missippi

    University of Missippi
    Columbia 250 James Meredith becomes the first black student to enroll at the University of Mississippi. Violence and riots surrounding the incident cause President Kennedy to send 5,000 federal troops.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Washington Post In October 1962, it was discovered that the soviets were secretly installing nuclear missles in Cuba. October 22, 1962, President Kennedy ordered a naval quarantine of Cuba and demanded immediate removal of the weapons. On October 28th, Khrushchev agreed to a compromise in which he would pull the missles out of Cuba. Kennedy, David., et al.
  • Kennedy and the Moon

    Kennedy and the Moon
    NBC News On November 21, 1962, in a cabinet meeting with NASA administrator James E. Webb and other officials, Kennedy explained that the Moon shot was important for reasons of international prestige, and that the expense was justified.[227] Johnson assured him that lessons learned from the space program had military value as well. Costs for the Apollo program were expected to reach $40 billion.
  • Birmingham

    Birmingham
    New York Times In the spring of 1963, Martin Lurher King Jr. launched a campaign against discrimmination in Birmingham, Alabama and African Americans were attacked by police dogs and high-pressure water hoses. President Kennedy Responded on June 11th, 1963, when he promised to find a solution. Kennedy, David., et al. The American Pageant. Thirteenth edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Com
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    Reuther Wayne
    August 1963, Martin Lurther King Jr. led 200,000 black and white demonstrators on a peaceful "March on Washington."
  • Lyndon B. Johnson

    Lyndon B. Johnson
    White House President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn into office, after President Kennedy was assainated.
  • Pleiku, South Vietnam

    Pleiku, South Vietnam
    [PSY Warrior](hhttp://www.psywarrior.com/VietnamCommanders.html) Feb. 1965, Viet Cong guerrillas attacked an American air base at Pleiku, South Vietnam, prompting President Johnson to send bomb raids and order U.S. troops to attack by land, Kennedy, David., et al. The American Pageant. Thirteenth edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006
  • Johnson and Education

    Johnson and Education
    San Marcos Johnson had a lifelong commitment to the belief that education was the cure for both ignorance and poverty. He made education a top priority of the Great Society, with an emphasis on helping poor children. After the 1964 landslide brought in many new liberal Congressmen, he had the votes for the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
  • Johnson's "Medicare"

    Johnson's "Medicare"
    Politico The Medicare program was established on July 30, 1965, to offer cheaper medical services to the elderly, today covering tens of millions of Americans. Johnson gave the first two Medicare cards to former President Harry S Truman and his wife Bess after signing the Medicare bill at the Truman Library in Independence, Missouri.
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    PBS Voting RIghts Act of 1965, banned literacy tests and sending federal vote registers into several southern states. Kennedy, David., et al. The American Pageant. Thirteenth edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006
  • Saigon

    Saigon
    Daily History In Jan 1968, the Viet Cong attacked 27 key Southern Vietnam Citites, including Saigon. The Tet Offensive ended the military defeat for the Viet Cong, but American still wanted an end. Kennedy, David., et al. The American Pageant. Thirteenth edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006
  • Operation Rolling Thunder

    Operation Rolling Thunder
    History Learning
    March 1968, "Operation Rolling Thunder" was in full swing, regular full-scale bombing attacks against North Vietnam. Kennedy, David., et al. The American Pageant. Thirteenth edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006
  • Johnson Adresses the Nation

    Johnson Adresses the Nation
    <ahref='http://www.washingtonpost.com/conversations/presidents-go-gray/2010/08/05/gIQAoWeHoI_gallery.html' >Washington Post</a>
    On March 31st, 1968, President Johnson issued an address to the nation stating that he would freeze American troop levels and gradually shift more responsibilty to the Southern Vietnamese themeselves, bombing would also be scaled down, He also annocued that he would not be running for re-election in the 1968 election. Kennedy, David., et al. The American Pageant. Thirteenth edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Civil Rights Act of 1968
    JD Hilmer
    President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
  • Nixon and EPA

    Nixon and EPA
    PBS Nixon saw that the first Earth Day in April 1970 presaged a wave of voter interest on the subject, and sought to use that to his benefit; in June he announced the formation of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Nixon broke new ground by discussing environment policy
  • Richard M. Nixon

    Richard M. Nixon
    White House Chief Justice Earl Warren administered the Oath of office to Nixon, and Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen administered the oath to Spiro Agnew as Vice President.
  • SNCC to SNCC

    SNCC to SNCC
    Black Past The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee changes its name to the Student National Coordinating Committee due to students losing patients and wanting immediate action, they didn't know how much longer the group could remain "nonviolent."
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    History
    During the Vietnam War, the U.S. program of turning over to the South Vietnamese government responsibility for waging the conflict, in order to implement withdrawal of U.S. military personnel.
  • Nixon's "New Federalism

    Nixon's "New Federalism
    PBS In 1970, Congress had granted the President the power to impose wage and price freezes, though the Democratic majorities, knowing Nixon had opposed such controls through his career, did not expect Nixon to actually use the authority.
  • Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education

    Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
    http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/10/weekinreview/10liptak.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 The Supreme Court upholds busing as a legitimate means for achieving integration of public schools. Although largely unwelcome (and sometimes violently opposed) in local school districts, court-ordered busing plans in cities such as Charlotte, Boston, and Denver continue until the late 1990s.
  • Gerald R. Ford

    Gerald R. Ford
    White House Marked the commencement of the two-and-a-half-year term of Gerald Ford as President, following the resignation of President Richard Nixon. Ford had become Vice President on December 6, 1973, after the resignation of Spiro Agnew, and as such is the only person to have held both the office of Vice President and President without having been elected to either.
  • Ford and "WIN"

    Ford and "WIN"
    Gerald Ford On October 4, 1974, Ford gave a speech in front of a joint session of Congress and as a part of this speech kicked off the "WIN" campaign. Over the next nine days 101,240 Americans mailed in "WIN" pledges. In hindsight, this was viewed as simply a public relations gimmick without offering any means of solving the underlying problems. "Whip Infaltion Now"
  • Ford vs Swine Flu

    Ford vs Swine Flu
    Jogn Fenzel Ford was confronted with a potential swine flu pandemic. In the early 1970s, an influenza strain H1N1 shifted from a form of flu that affected primarily pigs and crossed over to humans. On February 5, 1976, an army recruit at Fort Dix mysteriously died and four fellow soldiers were hospitalized; health officials announced that "swine flu" was the cause. Soon after, public health officials in the Ford administration urged that every person in the United States be vaccinated