1954-1975 Timeline APUSH by MellaBella

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    Dwight D. Eisenhower President

    After WWII, Dwight Eisenhower was look at as if a great war hero. Eisenhower was elected president by a landslide, and was easily re-elected. Eisenhower knew how terrible war could be, and kept America peaceful for his time as president.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    PBS When Plessy v. Fergson legalized segregation, the south cheered with joy. In the 1950's, segregation was challenged once again in Brown v. Board of Education. In May of 1954, the supreme court unanimously decided that separate educational facilities are inherently unequal was unconstitutional. African-Americans rejoiced, and a new path was paved for desegregation of America.
  • Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
    History.comWhen Rosa Parks refused to move further back on a Mongomery bus on her way home from work, and arrested, she made headlines. In peaceful protest, Martin Luther King Jr. organized a bus boycott. Lasting more than a year, the boycott put an economic stress on the city, and forced intergration of the busing. It put MLK as a leader in the new revolution, and was the beginning of successes for the African-American community.
  • Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956

    Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956
    fhwa.dot.govInspired by the downturned economy, large unemployment, and the cold was, Eisenhower passed the Federal-Aid Highway Act. It funded the building of many highways and freeways that cross the nation, while putting people to work. Overpasses were also made a certain height so that trucks carrying missles could easily move across the country if the Cold War turned Hot.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    NPSIn Little Rock, Arkansas, nine African-American students made news across the nation when they tried to go to an all white school. Nine students were shunned and yelled at by crowds of angry parents. Eisenhower had to send armed forces to escort the children into school. The Little Rock Nine, as they were known, led the civil rights movement in their own city, and broke many strongly held barriers.
  • National Defence Education Act

    National Defence Education Act
    Virginia.eduAfter Sputnik was launched by the Russians, President Eisenhower was alarmed to see how far behind the American youth was. While American teenagers were having fun in the fifties, Russian children were in heavy schooling. The National Defence Education Act was passed, and funneled millions of dollars to the American Education system.
  • New Frontier

    New Frontier
    When JFK was elected president, he launched a series of legislations that he called the "New Frontier". He proposed legislation for education, science, labor, the economy, and more. The amount of legislation he passed through congress in the three years as President was comparable to Roosevelts first term. The domesity policy that JFK called the New Frontier was important for many social and economic reforms.
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    John F. Kennedy President

    JFK was a charming president who was very well liked and admirable. While president, he managed to keep the Cold War from escalation, and passed many legislations domestically. JFK's presidency was ended shortly when he was assassinated in Texas.
  • JFK and U.S. Steel Industries

    JFK and U.S. Steel Industries
    photoshelterThe economy, still on a slight downward turn, was tested by the U.S. Steel Industries. Steel prices rocketed in early 1962, and JFK adressed the nation in April declaring the outrages prices must be stopped. JFK took control and negotiated with the steel companies, and was able to bring the prices of steel down without completely controlling the business.
  • Coup of Ngo Dinh Diem

    Coup of Ngo Dinh Diem
    Country StudiesVietnam was in turmoil since the communist takeover of the North. Democratic Ngo Dinh Diem was the leader of the south, but over time began to control the south to an extreme amount. In 1963, JFK approved a coup of the south's government, and Diem was then murdered. The Vietnam powder keg was bound to explode.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    NPRLed by MLK and other Civil Rights leaders, a "Negro March on Washington" was arranged for August 28, 1963. It was a day full of speeches and encouragment. Due to the successful, and peaceful march, JFK began to seriously draft civil rights legislature.
  • The Great Society

    The Great Society
    University of MichiganAfter Kennedy's assination, Johnson proposed a great new era of America, and he called it the Great Society. It proposed a "War on Poverty" and much social reform. Part of the Great Society was the Civil Rights Act, and the Voting Rights act. Johnson used his power to pass a large amount of legislation, and hoped to create his Great Society.
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    Lyndon B. Johnson President

    LBJ was sworn in hours after JFK's death, and although a very controlling man, he passed a lot of civil legislation. He micromanaged the Vietnam War, and the American people we're ready to give up on him. When LBJ refused to run for office for a second term, the American people felt as if he had abandoned them in their time of need.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Color LinesLBJ made a landmark in American history when he pased the Civil Rights Act on July 2, 1964. It protected the rights of minorities, and women, and brought many rights to the African-American community. Initally, the act was somewhat weak, so other legislation had to be passed to strengthen the Act that made headlines across the country.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Incident

    Gulf of Tonkin Incident
    Navy.MilVietnam was a pot ready to boil, and LBJ wanted to invade. A U.S. ship was attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin, and LBJ made it sound like an unprecidented attack to a U.S. ship by the Vietnamese. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave LBJ a blank check for war, and LBJ later excersised.
  • Malcom X Assassinated

    Malcom X Assassinated
    Colorado StateMalcom X was a civil rights leader that believe in Bloody Revolution. Malcom X was a muslim, and once part of the African-American Nation of Islam in the U.S. Malcom X, who didn't agree with MLK's methods of peaceful disobedience, predicted the movement would soon turn violent, but he was assassinated in 1965 by a muslim extremest before he could see his prediction become reality.
  • Social Security Amendments of 1965

    Social Security Amendments of 1965
    SSALBJ tried to fight on "War on Poverty", and with that idea in mind, passed Social Secutiy Amendments in 1965. The amendements set up Medicare and Medicaid, which gave health care to the retired, elderly, and the needy. Medicare and Medicaid are extremely important, active programs of the United States Government.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    Civil RightsLBJ continued with his Civil Rights legislation and passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. It abolished poll taxes, and made it easier for many African-Americans to vote in the south. After the legislation was passed, many people traveled to the south in hopes of registering African-American so that they could vote, without being shunned from the polls. The act was the next successful step in the civil rights movement.
  • The Black Panther Party

    The Black Panther Party
    Earthly IssuesThe Black Panther Party was founded in Oakland, California in 1966. In the poverty stricked Oakland, African Americans were tired of waiting. They began to practice a more violent black power. The Black Panther Party was full of socialist revolutionaries, and stressed power to the African Americans of the United States.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    Army.milThe Tet offensive was a series of battles begun by the North Vietnamese Army that lasted for a month. The bloody battles caused a huge escalation of the war, and LBJ sent more troops to Vietnam to replace and backup those who were killed, or barely hanging on in South Vietnam.
  • My Lai Massacre

    My Lai Massacre
    uh.eduMany Americans rallied against the war, and protested across the nation for peace. Americans were fueled even further when they heard of the My Lai Massacre. American troops killed many innocent Vietnamese in the village of My Lai, and pictures surfaced years later. My Lai angered the American Public, and many protests became more violent and more people joined the protests that were sweeping the nation.
  • MLK Assassinated

    MLK Assassinated
    BiographyMLK was the great nonviolent civil rights leader that preached peaceful disobedience and getting together to show that African Americans needed rights. On April 4th, 1968, MLK was assinated, and rocked the civil rights movement loose. Without it's peaceful leader, many movements become violent very quickly. With the Civil Rights Act already passed, African Americans demanded more equality from the people of the United States than the government of the United States.
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    Richard Nixon President

    Richard Nixon, while having a terrible reputation after his presidency, was generally well liked in his first term. Nixon was a foreign genius, and helped many foreign relations, but on the homefront. After Watergate, Nixon resigned, and his vice president swore in.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization
    ytimgVietnamization was the slow withdrawl of troops from Vietnam, proposed by President Nixon. Vietnamization lasted multiple years, but slowly brought troops home. The Ameican people were glad to hear that a president wanted to stop the war, but for most, Vietnamization was not as fast as they wanted. In 1975, the last Americans were finally pulled out of Vietnam- six years after Vietnamization was initally proposed.
  • Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education

    Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
    Northeastern DemocratsDue to the Brown v. Board of Education ruling, segregation in schools was deemed illegal, but as shown in the following years, many schools disregarding the ruling, as well as parents. In Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education, decided that busing would be avaliable to bring African American to intergrated schools, not just 99 percent African American schools that they had to go to.
  • Evironmental Protection Agency

    Evironmental Protection Agency
    Solar FeedsThe Evironmental Protection Agency (EPA) was established by President Richard Nixon in 1971. It was part of a series of legislation passed by Nixon to aid the protected of the American lands which were being destroyed due to the industries in the past. The EPA handles most of the United States natural resources and how they are used and preserved.
  • Watergate Scandal

    Watergate Scandal
    Grist The Watergate Sandal rocked Washington. President Nixon's team broke into an office in the Watergate building, and while they got arrested for burglary, Nixon kept his mouth shut. Soon, word came out that Nixon knew and was involved. When the court ordered Nixon to give up tapes of his recording converstaion, Nixon resigned so that none of it would get leaked.
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    Gerald Ford President

    Ford had been the only president neither elected as vice president, or as the president. Ford was appointed the presidency after Nixon had resigned after Watergate. Ford reached a détente in the Cold War/
  • Tax Reduction Act of 1975

    Tax Reduction Act of 1975
    Open LibraryGerald Ford proposed the Tax Reduction Act of 1975. The Tax Reduction Act of 1975 set up a ten percent tax rebate, and temporarily created a tax credit. Tax deductions were increased so that the American public generally paid lower taxes than years before.
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975
    timeline.comThe Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 was the first national peice of legislature that gaurenteed a free public education for all children, including the handicapped. If the states refused to accomidate handicapped children, they would cease to recieve federal funding for education.
  • Information Cite

    Information Cite
    Kennedy, David., et al. The American Pageant. Thirteenth edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006