1947 Vincent Auriol
1954 René Coty From
1959 Charles de Gaulle
1969 Georges Pompidou
1974 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
1981 François Mitterrand
1995 Jacques Chirac
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy
2012 Francois Hollande (Current President)
Prime Ministers of France
20-Jan-1952 Edgar Faure
8-Mar-1952 Antoine Pinay
8-Jan-1953 René Mayer
27-Jun-1953 Joseph Laniel
18-Jun-1954 Pierre Mendès France
17-Feb-1955 Christian Pineau
23-Feb-1955 Edgar Faure
31-Jan-1956 Guy Mollet
12-Jun-1957 Maurice Bourgès Maunoury
6-Nov-1957 Félix Gaillard
13-May-1958 Pierre Pflimlin
1-Jun-1958 Charles de Gaulle
8-Jan-1959 Michel Debré
14-Apr-1962 Georges Pompidou
10-Jul-1968 Maurice Couve de Murville
20-Jun-1969 Jacques Chaban Delmas
6-Jul-1972 Pierre Messmer
Queen Elizabeth II assumes the throne
She is still reigning today
Special Forces (US Army) Created
Start of 1952 Summer Olympics
Dwight D. Eisenhower elected 34th President
He served 2 terms, ending in 1960.
Dwight Eisenhower was the first nominee to travel by airplane while campaigning.
Using a kitchen blender, Bette Nesmith invented "Mistake Out," the first Liquid Paper for whiting out mistakes on a typewriter.
Walt Disney's Peter Pan premiers
First Literature Censurship
Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
Longest Home Run
Mickey Mantle hits a 565 foot (172 m) home run at Griffith Stadium in Washington D.C. Mantle's home run is believed to be the longest home run in baseball history by many historians.
First Chevrolet Corvette
The first Chevrolet Corvette is built at Flint, Michigan.
Ray Kroc opens a McDonald's fast food restaurant (the company's 9th since it was founded in 1940), but Kroc later takes over the company and oversees its worldwide expansion.
Adina de Zavala Dies
major Preserver of Texas history
Anthony Eden elected Prime Minister of England
He serves until 1957.
Pattilo Higgins Dies
Wealthy business man and geologist
Disneyland opens to the public in Anaheim, California
Hurricane Diane hits the northeastern United States, killing over 200 people, and causing over $1.0 billion in damage
We were defending South Vietnam, but we lost largely due to a lack of political will. 58,156 deaths
Rosa Parks on the Bus
Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on the bus to a white passenger, which in turn kick starts the civil rights movement.
Elvis Presley enters the United States music charts for the first time, with Heartbreak Hotel.
First Flag Day
The Flag of the United States Army is formally dedicated.
Instertate Highway System
President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Federal Aid Highway Act, creating the Interstate Highway System
Henry B. Gonzalez
Elected as Senator in 1956 and agian in 1958.
And then for the House of Representatives in 1960. He was the first Hispanic representative from Texas
First Electric Watch
1st electric watch introduced, Lancaster Pa
Harold Macmillen elected Prime Minister of England
Upon resignation of Anthony Eden because of doctor's orders. he later won the election in 1959
He serves until 1963
Laura Ingalls Wilder Died
Little Rock Nine
A mob and the Arkansas Natinoal Guard blocked them from entering the school.
After court battles, Thurgood Marshall as one of the lawyers, the kids finally entered with police escort on September 23
Sputnik 1 (launched on October 4, 1957) falls to Earth from its orbit and burns up.
Tomb of the Unknowns
The bodies of unidentified United States soldiers killed in action during World War II and the Korean War are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
The U.S. Congress formally creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
On My Own
A book by Eleanor Roosevelt is published sometime in 1958
Alaska Earns Statehood
49th State to enter the union.
Bought from Russia
"The Last Frontier"
"Land of the Midnight Sun"
Alaska means "the mainland" from an Aleut (Eskimo language) word
The Barbie doll debuts
Hawaii Earns Statehood
50th state to join the union
Name either means "small hoomeland" or was derived from traditional discoverer.
Lunch Counter Sit-In
Four Students sat down, asked for service, and were refused, but they politely stayed seated.
Helped ignite a passion against racial inequality in the youth.
The Dalai Lama appeals to the United Nations to restore the independence of Tibet.
Grants the right to vote to the citizens of the District of Columbia.
Ratified March 1961
John F. Kennedy is elected the 35th President of the United States
John F. Kennedy's father gave him $1,000,000 when he turned twenty-one. (Each of his nine brothers and sisters got a million dollars too!)
John Kennedy served in WWII. He was on PT 109 which was sunk by the Japanese. He risked his life to save his crew.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the youngest man elected (Teddy Roosevelt was younger but he was not elected), the first Roman Catholic to be elected president, the first to win a Purple Heart, the 4th president to be assassinated,
Ruby Bridges became the first African American child to attend an all-white school in the south at age 6.
The twist dance craze takes off in the United States, inspired by the Chubby Checker song "The Twist."
The Beatles make their British debut at the Cavern Club in Liverpool, England.
John Goodwin Tower becomes the first Republican United States Senator from Texas since reconstruction (He serves until 1985)
He dies April 5, 1991
The Berlin Wall is built from August 15-17
First took position as Speaker of the house in 1940 and held it (or the Minority leader) for 17 years, which is the longest tenure in U.S. History.
Passed Away in 1961
The Miracle Worker
The award winning movie came out in 1962 which depicted Hellen Keller, a blind, deaf, mute girl, and her journey to language through her teacher Anne Sullivan. It was later remade in 2000
Marilyn Monroe dies from an overdose of sleeping pills, at the age of 36.
Eleanor Roosevelt Dies
She died of bone marrow tuberculosis.
Her final book, Tomorrow is Now, was published in 1963 after her death.
National Farm Workers Association
Cesar Chavez, Dolores Huerta, and Gilbert Padilla begin the National Farm Workers Association in 1962. Through it, there were many boycotts.
First Audio Cassette Tape
Invented by Phillips Company of the Netherlands.
To Kill A Mockingbird
The theater version of To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee is released on Christmas Day. It stars Gregory Peck as Atticus Finch.
Garret Morgan Dies
Garrett Morgan, a great African American inventor (Gas mask and Traffic Signal) passed away.
WEB Du Bois also dies on this day, who is a major component of African American literature.
"I Have a Dream"
Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his famous speech, "I have a dream that one day..."
Martin Luther King, Jr. had such composure and such dignity that hearing him publicly speak was not only a privilege but an honor. King inspired people and made them believe that they could make a difference. King believed in nonviolent protest against segregation and racial discrimination. Many people, blacks and whites alike, joined his March on Washington in 1963.
Alec Douglas-Home elected Prime Minister of England
He serves until 1964
Lyndon B. Johnson, as Vice President, finished out JFK's first term.
Mary Kay Ash
Mary Kay Ash begins the Mary Kay cosmetic company in the year 1963. She passed away in 2001
A vaccine against measles was developed
Poll Tax Barred
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Created Equal Opportunity Employment Commission and a Comunity Relations Service.
It required desegregation of schools, parks, and the like.
Restricted use of literacy test for voting
Harold Wilson elected Prime Minister of England
He serves until 1970
Lyndon B. Johnson elected 36th President of the United States
He served 1 term.
In his first attempt to become a Senator he lost in a very close race. On the day of the election he thought he had won and he and his team celebrated. The next day votes began to shift and he lost.
First woman as Texas Senate (1966)
First African American congresswoman from deep south (1972-1978)
Died January 17, 1996
Presidential Disability and Succession
Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassinated
Civil Rights Act 1968
legally ends discrimination
Hellen Keller dies
Hellen Keller lived a full life as an author, political activist, and lecturere. She passed away in 1968.
Richard Nixon elected 37th President of the United States
He liked to eat cottage cheese with ketchup on it.
Nixon was sworn in with his hand on two family Bibles.
He was elected to 2 terms.
Dwight D. Eisenhower Dies
First man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong is the first man to step on the moon in Apollo 11. His famous words were as he stepped on the moon, "That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
Apollo 13, exploration to the moon, was almost disastrous had it not been for the brilliance of James A. Lovell changing the spaceship's course mid-flight.
Edward Heath elected Prime Minister of England
Serves until 1974
Audie Murphy Dies
He was a recipient of 32 decorations from WWII
He acted and produced movies throughout the 50s and 60s
He was buried in Arlington Cemetery but asked for no gold leaf even though he was a Medal of Honor recipient.
Voting age set to 18.
The Watergate building was broken into, which turned into a huge political scandal over the next 2 years.
Jackie Robinson Dies
Jackie Robinson, the first black player in the major leagues, dies in Stamford, Connecticut on October 24
The first video game was released by the American company Atari.
Roe v Wade
Abortions could not be restricted in the first trimester.
First Mobile Cell Phone
Martin Cooper of Motorola made the first movile telephone call. He called the other company competeing to make a mobile device, Bell Labs.
Harold Wilson elected Prime Minister of England again
Serves until 1976
Prime Ministers of France Continued
27-May-1974 Jacques Chirac
26-Aug-1976 Raymond Barre
21-May-1981 Pierre Mauroy
17-Jul-1984 Laurent Fabius
20-Mar-1986 Jacques Chirac
10-May-1988 Michel Rocard
15-May-1991 Edith Cresson
2-Apr-1992 Pierre Bérégovoy
29-Mar-1993 Édouard Balladur
18-May-1995 Alain Juppé
3-Jun-1997 Lionel Jospin
6-May-2002 Jean-Pierre Raffarin
31-May-2005 Dominique de Villepin
17 May 2007 François Fillon
16 May 2012 Jean-Marc Ayrault (Current Prim Minister)
I'm Not a Crook
Richard Nixon resigns as President, the only president to do so.
Gerald Ford resumed the presidency, making him the 38th president. Gerald Frod did not run again for president at the end of the term.
The Post-It Note
Arthur Fry, an inventor at 3M, discovered that using Spencer Silver's weak adheasive, which had yet to be given a use, was a great adhesive for keeping page markers in his hymnal without destroying the pages. The first Post-It Note
Wallace "Wally" Amos
Wallace (Wally) Amos opened a Famous Amos cookie store (Keebler later made the cookies after him in 1998)
Bill Gates and Paul Allen develop Microsoft.
November of 1985, Microsoft Windows was launched.
Microsoft and Macintosh worked hand in hand toward the beginning and yet rivaled for years. Macintosh is what becomes today's Apple products (hence MacBook, iMac, etc)
King Juan Carlos I assumes the throne
After the death of General Francisco Franco, Juan Carlos I was able to take the throne as the rightful heir.
James Callaghan elected Prime Minister of England
Serves until 1979
Jimmy Carter elected 39th President of the United States
Jimmy had a pet dog named Grits.
At the age of 9, he bought 5 huge bales of cotton for 5 cents a pound. He stored the cotton and sold it a few years later when the price had more than tripled.
Margaret Thatcher elected Prime Minister of England
First woman elected Prime Minister of England
Serves until 1990
Mt. St. Helens erupts
In Washintong, 50 miles NW of Portland, Oregon
Ronald Reagan elected 40th President of the United States
He served 2 terms
Ronald Reagan announced Chicago Cubs games for WHO radio in Des Moines. Later he became a famous movie and television actor. Reagan appeared in close to 50 movies. He also hosted The General Electric Theater and Death Valley Days. Both of these were popular TV shows.
Hector P. Garcia, who helped for the American GI Forum, received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Ronald Reagan. He was the first mexican American to receive such a high civilian honor.
Raul Gonzalez Jr.
Raul Gonzalez Jr. became the first Hispanic to serve as Justice of the Texas Supreme Court starting in 1984. He served until 1998. Still living.
Poison Gas Leak in Bhopal, India
methyl isocyonate leaked from a pesticide plant
worst industrial accident in history
Over the next 2 decades over 20,000 people die from the effects.
Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Explosion
400 times mroe radioactive material than the Atomic Bomb on Japan
237 diagnosed with acute radiation sickness, 31 died within 3 months.
Marilyn Monroe is one of his most famous paintings from the 1960s
DNA first used to convict criminals
George Bushe elected 41st President of the United States
He liked to play horseshoes and had a horse shoe pit installed on the White House lawn.
He also enjoyed Pork Rinds with Tabasco sauce on them.
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill
260-750,000 barrels of oil in the Alaskan waters
Nelson Mandella was released from prison!
"Operation Desert Storm"
Started with the invasion of Kuwait
John Major elected Prime Minister of England
Serves until 1997
45th Governor of Texas (1990 Election)
Died September 13, 2006
Ellen Ochoa became the first female Hispanic astronaut. She has had more than 950 hours in space!
Collapse of the Soviet Untion
Sam Walton & Walmart
In 1962, Sam Walton founded the first Walmart, which is now a major corporation in America. Sam Walton died in 1992.
Limits changes to congressional pay.
Bill Clinton elected 42nd President of the United States
He served 2 terms.
His nickname as a child growing up in Arkansas was Bubba.
Tony Blair elected Prime Minister of England
Serves until 2007
Death of Princess Diana
Princess Diana, heir to the English throne, died in a car accident.
Impeachment of Bill Clinton
He was impeached for pergery and obstruction of justice, but he was acquitted by the Senate.
It arose out of the Monica Lewinsky scandal.
Vermont Legalizes same sex marriage
Hillary Clinton elected senator
first First Lady to be elected office.
George W. Bush elected 43rd President of the United States
He served 2 terms.
George Bush was a cheerleader in high school. He also played high school baseball.
George W. Bush is the first president to have run a marathon (3:44:52).
With the election of George W. Bush, Colin Powell became the first African American to serve as United States Secretary of State
Todd Beamer on Flight 93
Todd Beamer died aboard United Airlines Flight 93 in a fight against the hijackers. The plane crashed in an open field, sill killing everyone on board.
World Trade Centers
We probably all remember what we were doing on the frightful day that the World Trade Centers collapsed, which in turn trigured the Iraq War on Terrorism.
First Case of Anthrax
Apple first released the iPad in 2001. The project was called "Dulcimer" before it was released.
Brothers of the Knight Illustrated by Kadir Nelson
Kadir Nelson is an African American artist and illustrator whose work was first published with Brothers of the Knight by Debbie Allen. He even illustrated the cover to a Michael Jackson album in 2010
Stanley Marcus, leader, innovator, merchant and CEO of Neiman Marcus Group, died
Bill Martin Jr.
Author of Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What do you see?, Chicka Chicka Boom Boom, and Little Squeegy Bug--The Story of the Firefly (his first 1945). He passed away in 2004
John "Danny" Olivas
John "Danny" Olivas, an American Astronaut of Mexican descent goes on the Atlantis shuttle mission.
Gordon Brown elected Prime Minister of England
Serves until 2010
Obama elected 44th President of the United States (Current President)
Elected 2 terms.
First African American President.
President Obama collects "Spiderman" and "Conan The Barbarian" comic books.