1954-1975 Timeline APUSH by Washington Rules!

  • President Eisenhower

     President Eisenhower
    He was elected in 1952 promising to end the war in Korea. He was elected for two terms. He fought for integration in the Armed forces as well as in the schools, sending troops to assure compliance with the orders of a Federal court. He left office in January 1961.
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    1954-1975 Timeline APUSH by Washington Rules!

  • The Second Red Scare

    The Second Red Scare
    As World War II was ending, a fear-driven movement known as the Second Red Scare began to spread across the United States. Americans feared that the Soviet Union hoped to spread communism all over the world, overthrowing both democratic and capitalist institutions as it went.
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  • The French are out!

    The French are out!
    The Vietnamese victory shattered France's resolve to carry on the war. Vietnamese forces occupy the French command post at Dien Bien Phu and the French commander orders his troops to cease fire.
  • Brown v. Board of Education Ruling

    Brown v. Board of Education Ruling
    The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., unanimously agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The results start the beginning of desegregation. The decision overturns the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" segregation of the races, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
  • Interstate highway system

    Interstate highway system
    From the start on June 29, 1956, the Eisenhower Interstate System has been known as the Greatest Public Works Project in History. Eisenhower Interstate System continues to serve America for decades to come.
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  • President John F. Kennedy

    President John F. Kennedy
    Kennedy was the youngest man elected President and the youngest to die. He aided developing countries as well as dealing with the cuban missle crises avoiding a war. Other events during his presidency included the Bay of Pigs Invasion, and the building of the Berlin Wall. He was a beloved president. Tragectly he was shot and killed in texas on November 22, 1963.
  • University of Georgia Integration

    University of Georgia Integration
    The federal district court Judge W. A. Bootle, ordered the immediate admission of Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter to the University of Georgia. This single act ended 160 years of segregation at the school.
  • U.S. backing

    U.S. backing
    President John F. Kennedy orders more help for the South Vietnamese government in its war against the Vietcong guerrillas. U.S. backing includes new equipment and more than 3,000 military advisors and support personnel.
  • Kennedy's changes with the economy

    Kennedy's changes with the economy
    Kennedy's shift on taxes reflected the growing influence of the professional economists who manned the Council of Economic Advisers. It also reflected Kennedy's pragmatism, political interests, and dedication to economic growth. All of these factors were again at play in the spring and summer of 1963 when Kennedy abandoned most of his proposed tax reforms and settled for a program of $11.1 billion in tax cuts for both individuals and corporations.
  • Operation Ranchhand

    Operation Ranchhand
    Operation Ranchhand begins. The goal of Ranchhand is to clear vegetation alongside highways, making it more difficult for the Vietcong to conceal themselves for ambushes. As the war continues, the scope of Ranchhand increases. Vast tracts of forest are sprayed with "Agent Orange," an herbicide containing the deadly chemical Dioxin. Guerrilla trails and base areas are exposed, and crops that might feed Vietcong units are destroyed.
  • Desegregation drive in Birmingham

    Desegregation drive in Birmingham
    King and SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) oppose local laws that support segregation. Riots, fire-bombing, and police are used against protestors, tragectly. Very few were actually violent protesters yet they were punished severely.
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  • Medgar Evers murdered

    Medgar Evers murdered
    Head of Mississippi NAACP is shot outside his home on the same night that Pres. Kennedy addresses the nation on race, asking "Are we to say to the world...that this is a land of the free except for Negroes"
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  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    More than 200,000 blacks and whites gather before Lincoln Memorial to hear speeches (including King's "I Have a Dream") and protest racial injustice. It was quite the sighting, with massive numbers of protesters both white and black.
  • Bombing of Birmingham church

    Bombing of Birmingham church
    The Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham was used as a meeting-place for civil rights leaders. Four black girls are killed by a bomb planted in the church. It fules even more rage in African Americans. Twenty-three other people were also hurt by the blast.
  • President Lyndon B. Johnson

    President Lyndon B. Johnson
    On November 22, 1963, when Kennedy was assassinated, Johnson was sworn in as President. Under Johnson, the country made spectacular explorations of space in a program he had championed since its start. In the end he startled the world by withdrawing as a candidate for re-election.
  • JFK's afiliation with civil rights

    JFK's afiliation with civil rights
    Kennedy pushed civil rights on many fronts. He ordered his attorney general to submit friends of the court briefs on behalf of civil rights litigants. He appointed African Americans to positions within his administration, named Thurgood Marshall to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals in New York, and supported voter registration drives.
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  • Civil Rights Act passed

    Civil Rights Act passed
    Johnson signed the new Civil Rights Act of 1964 into law with King and other civil rights leaders present. The law’s provisions created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to address race and sex discrimination in employment and a Community Relations Service to help local communities solve racial disputes; authorized federal intervention to ensure the desegregation of schools, parks, swimming pools, and other public facilities.
  • The Gulf of Tonkin Incident

    The Gulf of Tonkin Incident
    On this night, South Vietnamese commandos attack two small North Vietnamese islands in the Gulf of Tonkin. The U.S. destroyer Maddox, an electronic spy ship, is 123 miles south with orders to electronically simulate an air attack to draw North Vietnamese boats away from the commandos.
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  • LBJ and the Economic Opportunity Act

    LBJ and the Economic Opportunity Act
    Johnson signed the omnibus Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. The law created the Office of Economic Opportunity aimed at attacking the roots of American poverty. A Job Corps was established to provide valuable vocational training.
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  • LBJ Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)

    LBJ Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)
    Head Start, a preschool program designed to help disadvantaged students arrive at kindergarten ready to learn was put into place. The Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) was set up as a domestic Peace Corps. Schools in impoverished American regions would now receive volunteer teaching attention. Federal funds were sent to struggling communities to attack unemployment and illiteracy.
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  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    The U.S. congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, giving President Johnson the power to take whatever actions he sees necessary to defend southeast Asia.
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  • Malcolm X assassinated

    Malcolm X assassinated
    Rejecting integration and nonviolence, Malcolm splits off from Elijah Muhammad's Black Muslims and is killed by black opponents. There were many people that loved him, for he was a very influential person in history.
  • Voting Rights Act approved

    Voting Rights Act approved
    It outlawed ridiculous requirements of literacy tests to vote. This applies not only to Blacks but also to Indians, Asians, and Mexican-Americans. It also authorized the Federal government to take over registration of voters in areas where local officials have consistently denied voting rights to non-whites. Lastly, it took our the requirment of having to speak english to vote.
  • King assassinated

    King assassinated
    While supporting sanitation workers' strike which had been marred by violence in Memphis, Martin Luther King Jr. is shot by James Earl Ray. Riots result in 125 cities.
  • President Richard M. Nixon

    President Richard M. Nixon
    His accomplishments while in office included revenue sharing, the end of the draft, new anticrime laws, and a broad environmental program. He ended the U.S involvment in the Vietnam War, although he escalated it in the beginning. One of the most dramatic events of his first term occurred in 1969, when American astronauts made the first moon landing.
  • Nixon's new improvment

    Nixon's new improvment
    Nixon came up with a smash hit. He announced a wage-and-price freeze, tax cuts, and a temporary closure of the "gold window," preventing other nations from demanding American gold in exchange for American dollars. To improve the nation's balance of trade, Nixon called for a 10 percent import tax. Public approval was overwhelming.
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  • Nixon's Watergate Scandel

    Nixon's Watergate Scandel
    Nixon made three major speeches on the Watergate scandal during 1973 and 1974. The first was on April 30, 1973, in which he announced the departure of Dean, Haldeman and Ehrlichman. A more defiant speech was delivered on August 15, 1973. Perhaps the politically most difficult speech was the one on April 29, 1974, in which Nixon released partial transcripts of the White House tapes. He ended up resigning because he knew he lost.
  • President Gerald R. Ford

    President Gerald R. Ford
    He had been the first Vice President chosen under the terms of the Twenty-fifth Amendment and, in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, was succeeding the first President ever to resign. He considered himself a moderate and made it his goal to get inflation down for he feared it. It all ended for him when he lost the election in 1976
  • Ford battles inflation with his WIN program

    Ford battles inflation with his WIN program
    Ford speaks to a joint session of Congress regarding inflation. He wants to better the economy for the nation. Inflation scares him.
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  • President Ford Pardons Richard Nixon

    President Ford Pardons Richard Nixon
    The proclamation granted Nixon a pardon for all offenses from January 20, 1969, the day he was first inaugurated as president. In reading the proclamation on national television, Ford inadvertently said ‘July 20′.