Australia's History. By mlabcs5160nv Nov 18, 1606 Who was there 1st? The first Europeans sail to Australia were the Dutch from the Netherlands in 1606. Period: Nov 18, 1606 to Aug 12, 1999 The History Of Australia The History of Australia. Apr 1, 1770 Sailing Captain James Cook sailed around Australia. Jan 26, 1778 Prisoners! British prisoners were taken to Australia. Mar 13, 1861 States? Government officials created boundaries for the colonies that are still in place today. May 23, 1868 No More British Prisoners! British took prisoners to Australia until 1868. Jan 1, 1901 Australia is Created. The Commonwealth of Australia was created. May 9, 1927 Canberra Canberra was completed. May 27, 1967 Aborigines. Federal government began to pass legislation to help the Aborigines. Feb 7, 1986 Australia Act Australia Act -- all legal ties with the British were severed. Mar 29, 1999 No! 55% of voters said no to the idea of becoming an independent republic.