History of Australia By noahmaddox Nov 18, 1606 Dutch First Europeans to sail to Australia were the Dutch. Apr 1, 1770 Captain James Captain James cook settled in Australia. Jan 26, 1788 Prisoners British prisoners settled in Australia. Apr 13, 1861 British British transported prisoners until 1861. May 23, 1868 Government officials Gov. officials create boundaries for the colonies that are still in place today. Jan 1, 1901 Commonwealth Commonwealth of Australia was created. May 9, 1927 Canberra Canberra was completed. May 27, 1967 Federal Gov. Federal Gov. began to pass legislation to help the Aborigines. Feb 7, 1986 Australian Act Australian Act-all legal ties with the British Empire were severed. Aug 12, 1999 55% 55% of voters rejected the idea of becoming and independent republic.