World War I

  • The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, on 28 June 1914, set in train a series of diplomatic events that led inexorably to the outbreak of war in Europe at the end of July 1914.
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    World War I

  • Germany Declares War on France

    German troops pour into Belgium, directed under the Schleiffen Plan. Sir Edward Grey, sent an ultimatum to Germany demanding their withdrawal from Belgium.
  • Britain bombarded Turkish forts in the Dardanelles

    The Russians appealed for help from Britain and France to beat off an attack by the Turkish. The British navy responded by attacking Turkish forts in the Dardenelles.
  • The “Lusitania” was sunk by a German U-boat

    The United States protests at the German U-boat campaign, when the Lusitania, which had many American passengers aboard, had sunk. This made the Germans moderated their U-boat campaign.
  • Start of the Battle of Verdun

    The Germans mount an attack on the French at Verdun designed to 'bleed the French dry'. Although the fighting continued for nine months, they never decided who won. The Germans lost 430,000 men and the French lost 540,000.
  • Battle of Jutland

    German forces, confined by a British naval blockade, came out in the hope of destroying the British fleet ship by ship. However Beatty, aware that the German tactics were the same as those used by Nelson at Trafalgar, sent a smaller force to lure the German's into the range of Admiral Jellicoe's main fleet. Although Beatty's idea worked, the exchange of fire was brief, and Germans Withdrew.
  • USA declares war on Germany

    The United States of America declares war on Germany in response to the sinking of US ships by German U boats.
  • Battle of Caporetto

    The Austro-Hungarians and Germans break through the Italian lines. The Italian army is defeated and falls back on the Piave River.
  • Battle of Amiens

    A British General orders the attack of the German sector at Amiens. At the same time the news came through that the allies had broken through from Salonika which forces Bulgaria to sue for peace.
  • World War I Ends with German Defeat

    Faced with a British blockade, resistance from the British and French Armies, entrance of the United States Army, political unrest, starvation, a falling economy, mutiny in the navy, and mounting defeats on the battlefield, Germany requested negotiations with the Allies, which was granted.