World War l

  • Allies

    Triple Entente,consisted of France, Britain,and Russia.
  • Central Powers

    Central Powers
    Germany and Austria- Hungary,with the Ottoman Empire, mostly controlled by Turks,were the Central Powers.
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    Serbian Nationalist Gavrilo Princip shot Archduke and his wife Sophie.
  • Schlieffen Plan

    Schlieffen Plan
    Germany invaded Belgium, and called it the Schlieffen Plan; Called a holding action against Russia, quick drive through Belgium to Paris, and after France falls, they would take Russia.
  • Sinking of British Liner Arabic

    Sinking of British Liner Arabic
    Killed two Americans
  • Sinking of the British ship Lusitania

    Sinking of the British ship Lusitania
    German submarine sunk a British liner, killing 1,198 people.
  • Trench Warfare

    Trench Warfare
    Where armies fought for mere yards of ground,continued throughout the entire war.
  • Sinking of Sussex

    Sinking of Sussex
    Germany broke their promise and sank another passenger boat and 80 americans died.
  • Battle of the Somme

    Battle of the Somme
    Consisted of Trench Warfare, and British casualties were 60,000 the first day,and in total, all casualties were 1.2 million.
  • Britain Blockades

    Britain Blockades
    As the British blockade took place, 750,000 Germans starved to death, and americans began to become furious because they could not reach their intended ports.
  • Wilson Speech "Peace without victory"

    Wilson Speech "Peace without victory"
    All nations could join in a league for peace to maintain freedom.
  • Zimmerman Note

    Zimmerman Note
    telegram from german foreign minister the german ambassador in mexico,if war broke out with U.S.,they would help for return of their old territories.
  • Bolshevik Revolution

    Bolshevik Revolution
    Revolution in Russia that broke out and replaced Russian Monarchy.
  • Selective Service Act

    Selective Service Act
    Men to register with government in order to be randomly selected for military service
  • 369th Infantry Regiement

    369th Infantry Regiement
    An all black regiment that seeked more continuous duty on the front than any other regiment.
  • Convoy System

    Convoy System
    Heavy guard of destroyers escorted merchant ships back and forth across the Atlantic in groups.
  • American Expeditionary Force General John Pershing

    American Expeditionary Force General John Pershing
    Men from widely separated parts of the country, led by that general
  • Shell Shock, Trench Foot,Trench Mouth

    Shell Shock, Trench Foot,Trench Mouth
    Constant Bombardments led to shell shock
    Physical Problems included disease called Trench Foot
    PAinful infection of the gums and throat was Trench Mouth
  • 2nd battle of Marne

    2nd battle of Marne
    U.S. troops played a major role in throwing
    back German attacks at Château-Thierry and Belleau Wood. In July and August, they helped win the Second Battle of the Marne.
  • Conscientious Objector

    Conscientious Objector
    Alvin York, A redheaded mountaineer and blacksmith from Tennessee, York sought exemption as a conscientious objector, a person who opposes warfare on moral grounds
  • Establishment of German Republic

    Establishment of German Republic
    Everywhere in Germany, groups of soldiers and workers organized revolutionary councils. On November 9, socialist leaders in the capital, Berlin, established a German republic. The kaiser gave up the throne.
  • Big Bay Haywood and IWW

    Big Bay Haywood and IWW
    “Big Bill” Haywood and other leaders of the Industrial Workers of
    the World (IWW) were accused of sabotaging the war effort because they urged workers to strike for better conditions and higher pay. Haywood was sentenced to a long prison term. Under such federal pressure, the IWW faded away.
  • Cease fire and Armistice

    Cease fire and Armistice
    So at the eleventh hour, on the eleventh day, in the eleventh month
    of 1918, Germany agreed to a cease-fire and signed the armistice, or truce, that ended the war.
  • War industries Board

    War industries Board
    The main regulatory body was the War Industries Board. It was established in 1917 and reorganized in 1918 under the leadership of Bernard M. Baruch, a prosperous businessman. The board encouraged companies to use mass-production techniques to increase efficiency. It also urged them to eliminate waste by standardizing products.
  • National War Labor Board

    National War Labor Board
    To deal with disputes between management and labor, President Wilson established the National War Labor Board in 1918. Workers who refused to obey board decisions could lose their draft exemptions.
  • Food Administration

    Food Administration
    To help produce and conserve food, Wilson set up the Food Administration under Herbert Hoover. Instead of rationing food, he called on people to follow the “gospel of the clean plate.
  • Raise money for War

    Raise money for War
    The government raised about one-third of this amount through taxes, including a progressive income tax, a war-profits tax, and higher excise taxes on tobacco, liquor, and luxury goods. It raised the rest through public borrowing by selling Victory Loan bonds. The government sold bonds through tens of thousands of volunteers.
  • Four minute men

    Four minute men
    Creel persuaded the nation’s artists and advertising agencies to create thousands of paintings, posters, cartoons, and sculptures promoting the war. He recruited some 75,000 men to serve as “Four-Minute Men,” who spoke about everything relating to the war: the draft, rationing, bond drives, victory gardens, and topics such as “Why We Are Fighting” and “The Meaning of America.”
  • Anti-German Sentiment in America

    Anti-German Sentiment in America
    Many Americans with German names lost their jobs. Orchestras refused to play the music of Mozart, Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms. Some towns with German names changed them. Schools stopped teaching the German language, and librarians removed books by German authors from the shelves. People even resorted to violence against German Americans, flogging them.
  • Espionage and Sedition Acts

    Espionage and Sedition Acts
    Under the Espionage and Sedition Acts a person could be fined up to $10,000 and sentenced to 20 years in jail for interfering with the war effort or for saying anything disloyal, profane, or abusive about the government or the war effort.
  • Eugene V. Debs arrest

    Eugene V. Debs arrest
    Eugene V. Debs was handed a ten-year prison sentence for speaking out against the war and the draft.
  • Emma Goldman

    Emma Goldman
    The anarchist Emma Goldman received a two-year prison sentence and a $10,000 fine for organizing the No Conscription League. When she left jail, the authorities deported her to Russia.
  • Wilson's 14 Points

    Wilson's 14 Points
    1. There should be no secret treaties among nations.
    2. Freedom of the seas should be maintained for all.
    3. Tariffs and other economic barriers among nations should be lowered or abolished in order to foster free trade.
    4. Arms should be reduced “to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety
    5. Colonial policies should consider the interests of the colonial peoples. The next eight points dealt with boundary changes.
  • Victor Burger

    Victor Burger
    Finally, in a burst of anti-German fervor, Americans changed the name of German measles to “liberty measles.” Hamburger—named after the German city of Hamburg—became “Salisbury steak” or “liberty sandwich,” depending on whether you were buying it in a store or eating it in a restaurant. Sauerkraut was renamed “liberty cabbage,” and dachshunds turned into “liberty pups.”
  • Austria Hungary surrenders

    Austria Hungary surrenders
    On November 3, 1918, Austria Hungary surrendered to the Allies.
  • Reparations and War Guilt Clause

    Reparations and War Guilt Clause
    The treaty humiliated Germany. It contained a war-guilt clause
    forcing Germany to admit sole responsibility for starting World War I. Although German militarism had played a major role in igniting the war, other European nations had been guilty of provoking diplomatic crises before the war. There was no way Germany could pay the huge financial reparations. Germany was stripped of its colonial possessions in the Pacific, which might have helped it pay its reparations bill.
  • Agreements made in Treaty of Versailles

    Agreements made in Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles established nine new and shifted
    the boundaries of other nations. It carved five areas out of the Ottoman Empire and gave them to France and Great Britain as temporary colonies. The treaty barred Germany from maintaining an army. It also required Germany to return the region of Alsace-Lorraine to France and to pay reparations, or war damages, amounting to $33 billion to the Allies.