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    Franco-Prussian War

    The Franco-Prussian war was a war between France and soon to be Germany (Prussia). The end result was a humiliating defeat for France. France was forced to pay a huge indemnity to Prussia. This war led to a powerful German Empire and military. The European balanced was grestly disrupted.
  • Accession of Wilhelm II to the German throne

    With the accession of Wilhelm II to the German throne, the German foreign policy became more bellicose. The new German Emperor dismissed Otto von Bismarck as Chancellor. Wilhelm II helped create an alliance between France and Russia.
  • First Flight

    The first flight took place in Kitty Hawk, NC by Orville and Wilbur Wright.
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    Russo-Japanese War

    The ome of the war against the Japanese was a major loss ussians who lost almost entire Baltic and Pacific fleet. The war rovoked a serious political crisis that led to the Russian Revolution of 1905.
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    The Moroccan Crises

    The crisis was provoked by the Germans with an aim to cause tensions between France and Britain. This crisis further reinforced the Entente Cordiale and increased the British hostility towards Germany.
  • Triple Entente Formed

    Britain entered into an alliance with Russia that was already in alliance with France which formed the Triple Entente.
  • Annexation

    Austria-Hungary decided to annex Bosnia and Herzegovina that was formally an integral part of the Ottoman Empire
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    Italo-Turkish War

    The Turkish defeat revealed the weakness of the Ottoman army and disagreement between the European powers about the so-called Eastern Questions.
  • Assasination

    Gavrilo Princip assassinates Franz Ferdinand
  • The Start of War

    Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife are assassinated in Sarajevo.
  • War is declared

    Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
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    The Serbian Campaign

    • began with the Austrian shelling of Belgrade -The Serbians lost a total of 1,1000,000 during the war
  • Secret Treaty

    Ottoman Empire ad Germany sign a secret treaty of alliance
  • War declared again

    Germany declares war on France
  • German Invasion

    Germany invades Belgium, leading Britain to declare war on Germany.
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    The Western Front

    Germany invaded Luxembourg and Belgium and then gained military control of important industrial regions in France. Both sides dug in along a meandering line of fortified trenches. This line remained essentially unchanged for most of the war.
  • Austra-Hungary Invasion

    Austria-Hungary invades Russia
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    The Eastern Front

    The ancient monarchies of Austria, Russia and Germany plunged their countries into a world war which engulfed Europe. More than 3 million men died in the fighting and 9 million men were wounded.Every major country which participated lost its form of government. Russia, collapsed completely and the ensuing consequences still resonate in today's world. It was into this conflict that the soldiers of 1914 marched, with an eagerness and confide.
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    Battle of Tannenburg

    -Germans managed to inflict a huge defeat on the Russians at Tannenberg
    -battle between Russia's Second Army against Germany's Eighth Army
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    The first Bombing Efforts

    The first bombing efforts eith aircraft took place in late 1914.
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    First Battle of the Marnes

    -this battle put an end to the German offensive that went on for a month
    -opened up the war which had by then reached the outskirts of Paris
    -Despite the Allied victory, the battle was costly.
  • Trench Warfare

    Trench Warfare was used most commonly on the Western front and is a form of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of trenches, in which troops are significantly protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
  • Christmas Truce

    On Christmas Day, 1914, soldiers put down their guns and
  • Poison Gas

    The US developed and used chemical weapons. Future president Harry S. Truman was the captain of a U.S. field artillery unit that fired poison gas against the Germans in 1918. Poison gas was VERY serious and deadly.
  • Sinking of the British ship Lusitania

    The Lusitania was hit by German U-Boats. 1,201 people drowned in its sinking including 128 Americans. The incident prompted U.S. President Woodrow Wilson to send a strongly worded note to the German government demanding them to rid the waters of U-boats.
  • Kiffin Rockwell hit with bullet

    Rockwell was shot through the leg and spent six weeks in the hospital.
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    The Red Baron

    Manfred von Richthofen otherwise known as the "Red Baron" was a famous German fighter pilot during the Great War. He is considered the top ace of war. He died in combat on April 21st, 1918.
  • Requirements for a new Weapon

    Have a top speed of 4 mph on flat land The ability to turn sharply at top speed The ability to climb a 5-feet parapet
    The ability to cross an eight feet gap
    A working radius of 20 miles
    A crew of ten men with two machine guns on board and one light artillery gun.
  • First Tank comes out

    On Spetember 8th, the first tank model comes off the factory floor. Two days later the track came off.
  • "Big Willie's" Introduction

    "Big Willie" went through it first major demonstration - under the tightest of secrecy.
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    The Battle of Verdun

    -fought between the German and French armies
    -976,000 total casualties
  • Rockwell shoots down Plane

    Rockwell on a Nieuport attacked and shot down a German aircraft.
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    Battle of the Somme

    -an Allied victory, but they paid a heavy price of 623,906 casualties, including 100 tanks and 782 aircraft. The Germans lost nearly 600,000 men.
  • First Tank Used

    The tank was first used at the little known Battle of Flers.
  • Kiffin Rockwell dies

    Kiffin Rockwell dies
    During a fight with a German two-man reconnaissance plane, Rockwell was shot through the chest by an explosive bullet and killed instantly. He was buried with military honors.
  • Zimmerman Telgeram

    Telegram from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann offering US territory to Mexico in return for the German Cause
  • Germans Unleash the U-Boats

    U- Boat is an abbreviation of ‘unterseeboot’, which when translated into English means ‘undersea boat’.
    During WW1 Germany built 360 U-Boat submarines, 178 of which were lost. In total they were responsible for the loss of more than 11 million tons of allied shipping.
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    Russian Revolution

    The revolution dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Russian SFSR. The Emperor was forced to abdicate and the old regime was replaced by a provisional government during the first revolution of February 1917.
  • US Joins the War

    After Germany resumed submarine attacks Wilson broke diplomatic relations with Germany ans the U.S. entered World War I on the side of the Allied powers.
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    America's War Contributions

    After America entered the war, they helped the Aliied powers fight for their freedom and traveled overseas to battle. Americans back home sent onations and helped support troops.
  • Fourteen Points

    Woodrow Wilson created these declaring that World War I was being fought for a moral cause and calling for postwar peace in Europe. His points were basically agreement and rules.
  • Sucessful Bombing Efforts- Aviation

    "The day has passed when armies on the ground or navies on the sea can be the arbiter of a nation's destiny in war. The main power of defense and the power of initiative against an enemy has passed to the air."
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    Hundred Days Offensive

    -1,855,369 total casualties
    -result of this offense was a resounding success for the allies which broke the German Army
  • Outer Banks

    Five large German U-boats crossed the Atlantic and operated against the lightly protected shipping off the North American coast. Several of the U-boats would get as far south as the North Carolina coast, where they sank three ships just a few miles from the Outer Banks.
  • Henry Gunther

    Gunther was the last man to be killed in WWI. He was shot just before the cease fire. Many were addened and outraged due to the fact that they killed him for no reason,
  • Armstice

    Armistice of Compiègne: the agreement that ended the fighting in western Europe that comprised the First World War. "It went into effect at 11 a.m. Paris time on November 11, 1918, and marked a victory for the Allies and a complete defeat for Germany, although not formally a surrender."
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    The economy was stable and very stable considering the circustances. There were many war debts that needed to be paid.
  • Demobilization of Troops

    Troops returned home as millions gathered all over the country to welcome home their loved ones and celebrate the US Victor. Some mourned over the loss of their families.