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WW1 Timeline

  • Revolution overthrows Austria-Hungarian Emperor

    A revolution that occured in Hungary in order to gain independence and unity.
  • France loses Alsace & Lomaine to Germany

    France suffered economically from the loss of Alsace and Loraine's iron supplies. This also was a major cause of anti-German feeling in France.
  • Gemany officially unified

  • Triple Alliance formed

    The Triple Alliance was a secret agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy during WW1
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    Russo-Japanese War

    The Russo-Japanese War was a battle in order to gain control over naval ports.
  • Unrestricted submarine warfare commences

    Germany declared that submarine warefare was unrestrictedc which took battles underseas.
  • Archduke Franz Assassinated

    Said to have sparked WW1 because afterwards Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to the kingdom of Siberia which they refused.
  • Austria declares war on Serbia

  • Schlieffen Plan put into action

    The Schlieffen Plan was created by General Count Alfred von Schlieffen to attack Russia once their troops were deployed.
  • Ottoman-Germany alliance formed

    After the fall of the Ottomans, Germany allied with them in the 1900's in order to restore it.
  • Japan declares war on Germany

    Japan presented an ultimatum to Germany, they demanded that German ships be removed from Japanese and Chinese waters. Japan saw the war as a divine way to develop.
  • Battle of Marne

    An offensive attack by the French army and BEF against advancing Germans. Had the first use of radio intercepts and automotive transportation of troops.
  • Battle of Tannenberg

    The German 8th army struck against the Russian 2nd army. The Russians struck against the Germans using surprise and battle tactics, this won them the battle and made the Germans retreat.
  • Russian army out of ammunition

    The Russian army ran out of amunition which caused them to fight with their bayonetts and caused many fatalities. There werent many doctors as well.
  • Japan declares war on Germany

    The Japanese had just attacked Pearl Harbor and Hitler declared war on the US prompting the US to declare war on Germany. This was the official start of WW1 for the US.
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    Battle of Passchendaele

    This battle was fought during a bad storm which created a lot of mud which clogged rifles and produced a stalemate for a while. The battle produced 325,000 casualties from the allies.
  • Lusitania sinks

    The Lusitania sunk because of an unaware German sub. This caused America to began using advanced technology in warefare.
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    Battle of Verdun

    One of the largest battles of WW1 between the French and German armies. Mass casualties occurred along with the loss of much ammunition for no gain.
  • Battle of Gallipoli

    An unsuccessful attempt by the allied powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia. The Allies suffered many casualties for almost no gain.
  • Battle of Jutland

    The only major naval surface engagement of WW1. It was between the British and German naval fleets. The battle was indecisive so both sides claimed victory. The British retained control of the North Sea.
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    Battle of Somme

    One of the largest battles of WW1 and also one of the bloodiest conflicts in war history. In the end around 1.5 million casualties occurred when combining both sides. Britains attitude after it was more critical, after the battle of Somme there was a massive improvement in tactics.
  • New Economic Policy (NEP)

    The New Economic Policy was a capitalism based economic policy that was requried after the Russian Civil War. It wwas used to rectore the doomed country.
  • Zimmerman Telegraph found

    The Zimmerman Telegram is a message to the German ambassador to Mexico proposing a Mexican-German alliance in the case of war between the United States and Germany. It was kept secret untill it was published publicly.
  • Tsar Nicholas II abdicates

    During the February Revolution, Czar Nicholas II is forced to abdicate the throne by the Petrograd insurgents.
  • Trotsky flees Russia

    During the fall of the russian army in WW1, Trotskt, the leader of the army, fled from the chaos. He was later arrested.
  • Bolsheviks emerge as a political group

    The Bolsheviks were led by Lenin and seized control of the Russian government in 1917 becoming the dominant political power. They focused on a highly centralized and disciplined, professional party.
  • October Revolution

    A Russian revolution against capitalism in the 1970's to resulted in Soviot Russia.
  • Balfour Declaration

    Said that non-Jewish communities in Palestine would still have guarded rights. This inflamed people's anger because non Jews were protected in Jewish communities but Jews were persecuted in non Jewish communities.
  • Valdimir Lenin seizes power in Russia

    Lenin was the founder of the Russian communist party. His seizure of the Russian government led him to become the first head of the Sovuet Union.
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    Influenza epidemic

    Killed more people than WW1. It was the most devasting epidemic in recorded world history.
  • Fourteen Points proposed

    These were proposed by President Woodrow Wilson as blueprints for world peace after WW1.
  • Russia signed Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Russia signed a peace treaty in order to stop a two year chaotic hatrid. The treaty declared that Germany gets support from Russia.
  • Stalin takes over Russia Treaty of Saint-Germain

    A treaty that was forced on the Bolshevik government by the threat of further advances by German and Austrian forces.
  • Armistice Signed

    It was a treaty signed between the allies and Germany and it ended fighting on the western front.
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates

    Kaiser went into exile into Holland. German came under new rule after his banishment.
  • Russia-Germany Pact violates Versailles

    After Russia violated the treaty of Versailles, this caused the war to take an unpleasent spin as mant other countries began to disrespect the treaty.
  • Treaty of Versailles signed

    A peace treaty at the end of World War 1 that Russia decided to break.
  • Austria-Hungary annexes Bosnia

    The decision was made as a way to balance power in Europe. Russia, in a weakened state was forced to submit to it but they became anti Austrian.
    Austria declares war on Serbia- Basically the beginning of WW1. It occurred because of the assasination of Franz Ferdinad. It was the kickoff to all the other battles in world war 1.
  • Gemany stops reparation payments to France

    This undermined the treaty of Versailles, creating tension between France and Germany once again. France also wasn't compensated for all they felt they lost.