Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated in Sarajevo
Franz Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated by Bosnian Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip. The Austrian government suspects Serbia is the culprit.
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
Austria-Hungary's declaration of war agianst Serbia marks the beggining of World War I.
The world breaks out into war
Britain declares war on Germany. The United States declare neutrality.
Germany threatens submarine warfare against merchant ships
Germany threatens to destroy neutral ships in British waters without warning the crew and passengers.
German U-Boat Sinks the Lusitania
The Lusitania, a passenger ship, is sunk by a German submarine. 1,198 people drown including 124 United States citizens. This will cause Germans to end submarine warfare due to the outrage this causes.
Serbia is invaded by Germany, Austria, and Bulgaria
Central Power troops cross the Danube river and capture the city of Belgrade.
Submarine Warfare is Suspended
After the sinking of the passenger ship, Sussex, President Wilson threatened to break of relations with Germany. To avoid America entering the war with the Allies, Germany stops unrestricted submarine warfare.
U.S. President Woodrow Wilson is reelected
President Woodrow Wilson is reelected with the slogan, "He kept us out of the war." (Interactive)
Germans Resume Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
Germans felt as if their only choice was to use their submarines. They saw them as their only advantage over their enemies.
The United States cuts of political ties with Germany
President Wilson tells Congress that Germany's U-Boat Warfare poses a threat to "freedom of the seas."(Interactive)
United States is alerted about the Zimmerman telegram
The Zimmerman telegram was heard by the British who told the United States. Germany offered Mexico Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona as a reward for helping them.
German U-Boat SInks the S.S. Aztec
The American steamer is sunk by the Germans without warning. Twenty-eight Americans drown.
President Wilson Asks Congress to Declare War
President Woodrow WIlson delivers his war message at a joint session of the House and the Senate. He states the world must be safe for democracy and asks to declare war.
The United States Declares War on Germany
The day after a majority vote in the Senate for war, President Wilson signs the declaration. The United States takes extreme measures to prepare for war.
Herbert Hoover is Appointed Head of the U.S. Food Administration
Herbert Hoover asks Americans to contribute to the war effort by saving food.
Millions of American Men Register for Service
On the first day of the draft millions of American men sign up for service under the Selective Service Act. On that day 9,586,508 men registered for the draft.
Congress enacts the Espionage Act
The Espionage Act allows Congress to censor publications sent through the mail. It makes it a crime to help enemy nations or interfere with the draft.
First American Troops Land in France
“American blacks in stevedore service were the first American arrivals in France in June 1917. They had been outfitted with old overcoats of the period shortly after the Civil War: blue coats with gold buttons and a lining of crimson...The 369th Infantry, also known as the Black Rattlers, will have the distinction of serving the longest frontline service (191 days in trenches) of any American regiment and will be awarded the French Croix de Guerre." (Interactive)
President Wilson Outlines His Fourteen Points
This plan includes Poland's independence, Belgium's independence, returning the Alsace-Lorraine to France, the end of secret diplomacy, autonomy of subject nationalities, and a League of Nations
The U.S. begins daylight savings time
Clocks are set forward for one hour. The Congressional act for saving daylight helped with the production of food for the troops.
Germany Signs Armistice
Fighting ended on the Western Front at 11:00 a.m. when Germany signed the Armistice with the Allies. The harsh terms were ther to show that Germany had accepted defeat and to prevent Germany from regrouping and building up another military.
The Paris Peace Conference
A meeting for the allies after WWI. It included thirty two countries and took place in Paris.
Germans Protest Against the Treaty
Germans were unhappy with the conditions of the treaty so they voted against it.
The Treaty of Versailles Signed
The Treaty of Versailles is signed by Britain, France, Italy, Japan, the United States, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, China, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and many more countries.
Stock market prices plummet. By the end of November the stock market loses $30 billion.
Hoover Says the Worst is Over
President Hoover tells citizens that the economy will improve in the next two months, but the Depression is just getting started.
Roosevelt Promises A New Deal
During his presidential election Roosevelt promised Americans a new deal. The programs he will create during his presidency will be titled the New Deal
Roosevelt is Elected President
Franklin D Roosevelt is elected president. Many Americans thought that president Hoover didn't do enough to help get rid of the Depression.
The Emergency Banking Act is Passed
By the end of the month nearly all the banks that have been closed at the start of the Depression are reopened.
The Civilian Conservation Corps is Created
The Civilian Conservation Corps creates may new jobs for young me in the field of conservation. They started many projects that included building parks, roads, and fighting forest fires.
The Tennessee Valley Authority is Created
The Tennessee Valley Authority helps bring electricity and jobs to Americans in th southern part of the United States.
The Progress Works Administration is Created
The Progress Works Administration creates many jobs for Americans. It allowed Americans to do many different jobs like acting, writing, building bridges, and building airports.
Social Security is Created
In August 1935 Social Security is created in order to help the elderly and poor mothers.
The Economy Experiences Another Recession
After showing improvement, the economy begins to suffer and Americans begin losing their jobs. Many begin to lose hope.
Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor
Japan bombs American ships and thousands of Americans lose their lives.
The Depression Ends
The United Stated enters World War II. The war generates many jobs and the Depression ends soon after the United States' entry in the war.