Refomation of Religion

  • Mar 2, 1469

    Erasmus 1469-1536

    Dutch born humasist and social commentator who write treastise
  • Mar 2, 1473

    NIcolas Copernious 1473 to 1543

    Polish AStronomer who advnaced the RADICAl idea that the earth moved around the SUN.
  • Mar 2, 1509

    JOhn Calvin

    15th cedntury theologian who stressed the predestination of all ohuman beings according to gods will. Later exiled through france and aime dto spread his calvist relgion.
  • Mar 2, 1509

    Henry the 8th of ENgland (1509 was teh ruler)

    Besides his six marriages, Henry VIII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority, the Dissolution of the Monasteries, and establishing himself as the Supreme Head of the Church of England. He changed religious ceremonies and rituals and suppressed the monasteries, while remaining a believer in core Catholic theological teachings, even after his exc
  • Jan 1, 1517

    Luthers 95 these

  • Feb 26, 1517

    Concerning Christina Liberty

  • Period: Feb 26, 1517 to

    Reformation of Religion and Religous Wars

  • Feb 26, 1521

    Diet of Worms

    An examination of Luther by a formal council, in the City of WORMS. Charlves V was the preseding officer of the council.This declared luther as an outlaw. Luther escued by Fredrick the Wise i n1521
  • Feb 26, 1525


  • Feb 26, 1525

    12 atrcilclkes of peasanta of swabia

  • Feb 26, 1525

    Fiirst war of religion(GErman Pesants war)

    asked for no taxes, no surfdomm, no unjest ruleser
  • Feb 26, 1526

    Diet of Speyer (1526 and 1529 most important

    Council of teh HOly roman empire
  • Feb 26, 1527

    The Drowning of Felix Manz, January 5, 1527

  • Feb 26, 1528

    Salzburg, 1528: burning of 18 Anabaptists

  • Feb 26, 1529

    The Marburg Colloquy,

    The Marburg Colloquy, 1529: permanent split between Lutheran and Reformed Protestants over the Real Presence
  • Feb 26, 1540

    Constiution of the Jesuits

    founded by Ignatus Loyola
  • Feb 26, 1545

    Council of Trent (1543-1563)

    Intermitten meetings aimed to reform the C. chruch while reafrriming catholic doctrine against the Protestant doctrine.
  • Feb 26, 1547

    Battle of Mühlberg

    Battle of Mühlberg was a large battle at Mühlberg in the Electorate of Saxony during the Protestant Reformation at which the Catholic princes of the Holy Roman Empire led by the Emperor Charles I of Spain and V of the Holy Roman Empire decisively defeated[1][2] the Lutheran Schmalkaldic League of Protestant princes under the command of Elector John Frederick I of Saxony and Philip I of Hesse.[1
  • Feb 26, 1550

    reformed Calviniist

    Lead by John Calivin
  • Period: Feb 27, 1550 to

    Scientific Revolution

  • Mar 2, 1550

    Lutheran Schmalkaldic League mid 15th century

    Lutheran Schmalkaldic League of Protestant princes under the command of Elector John Frederick I of Saxony and Philip I of Hesse.[1was a defensive alliance of Lutheran princes within the Holy Roman Empire during the mid-16th century. Although originally started for religious motives soon after the start of the Protestant Reformation, its members eventually intended for the League to replace the Holy Roman Empire as their source of political allegiance
  • Feb 26, 1553

    King Henry IV (1553-1610)

    Crowned King Henry IV of France. Renouced Protantism but granted limited tolerance to to the Huguenots (French Protestants).
  • Mar 2, 1553

    Henry the 9th

    edict of nantes
  • Feb 26, 1555

    Peace of Augsberg

    Holy roman empire would not be unified. " To each their own religion"The Peace of Augsburg was a treaty between Charles V and the forces of the Schmalkaldic League, an alliance of Lutheran princes, on September 25, 1555, at the imperial city of Augsburg, now in present-day Bavaria, Germany.
    It officially ended the religious struggle between the two groups and made the legal division of Christendom permanent within the Holy Roman Empire. The Peace established the principle Cuius regio, eius relig
  • Feb 27, 1561

    Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

    “Human knowledge and human power meet in one; for where the cause is not known the effect cannot be produced. was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, lawyer, jurist, author and father of the scientific method. He served both as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England. Although his political career ended in disgrace, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the scientific method and pioneer in the scientific re
  • Feb 27, 1564

    Galileo Galilei and the telescope1564-1642

    1564-1642); Italian pioneer of inductive reasoning; heliocentric view but wanted to prove what happened, observe, build something, tinkering not just thinking; extremely different than usual . Forced to retaract most of his findings.
  • Mar 2, 1572

    Saint Barthlmens day

    Massacre of FRENCH hugenots by catholic crowds that began in paris and spread to other parts of France. More than 70,000 killed.
  • Aug 26, 1572

    ST, Bartholmews day

    in one week from this day 5000 protestants were killed. Try to marry to gain religious tolerance, o CatherineMedidic wanted to marry her daughter to seal the peace between catholics and protestnats
  • René Descartes (1596-1650)

    -(1596-1650); the mathematics of bodies in motion. Invented the Cartesian asix. All geometry is at part algebra; classical philosophers could never have imagined this; whole world was essential. Mathematics deciding the notions
    Descartes: the mathematics of the human machine well versed in mathematics as well as philosophy, and Descartes and Leibniz contributed greatly to science as well. As the inventor of the Cartesian coordinate system, Descartes founded analytic geometry, the bridg
  • Edit of Nantes

    Edict issued by Henry the 9th (IV he was henry of Navarre) to end the French wars of Relgion, The edict declared France a catolic ocuntry , but tolerated protestant worship.
  • aprox. the advent of the printing press

  • Speyer in the 16th Century: the emergence of “Protestants” and the formation of the Schmalkaldic League

    Speyer in the 16th Century: the emergence of “Protestants” and the formation of the Schmalkaldic League
  • Protestantism emerged in 16th century

    division of Christnaity that emerged in 16th century WESTERN EUrope at the time of the refomration. Focused on idiviual spitrual needs and rejected the soical authority of the papcy and teh catolic clergy
  • Thirty years war (1618-1648)

    Empire played a significant part. Gradually, the war developed into a more general conflict involving most of the European powers.[9][10] In this general phase, the war became more a continuation of the Bourbon–Habsburg rivalry for European political pre-eminence, and in turn led to further warfare between France and the Habsburg powers, and less specifically about religion.[11]
  • Bohmenia Revlot (1618-1621)

  • Issac Newton1642-1727

  • Pece of Westphila

  • Peace of Westphilia

    e term Peace of Westphalia denotes a series of peace treaties signed between May and October of 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic.
  • Robert Boyle’s air pump, 1660

  • The Royal Society

    England, founded by King Charles II, 1660, come together as safe group of gentlemen; nullis in verba: don’t take anyones word for it; rejection of the entire notion of renaissance ad fonted, all about conversation; published the first scientific journal; all deeply involved in the real world on how gain power from their knowledge
  • “Cells”: from Hooke’s Micrographia (1665

  • world fisrt scientifuc journal

  • in 1666, the Great Fire of London

    invention of insurance, so important, in 1666, the Great Fire of London; man decided to insure houses, a lot of people went to the fire office (Lloyds of London) present day that oversaw the market but didn’t exactly sell insurance policies; with insurance, other things become real, because you can insure and pass onto your heirs
  • The English Royal Observatory at Greenwich, founded 1675

    to helo sovle ballistics problem
  • Newton Publishes {romcipia

  • The Gottfried Leibniz calculator, 1694

  • The “ballistics pendulum Benjamin Robins in 1742

    The “ballistics pendulum” invented by the mathematician Benjamin Robins in 1742
  • Period: to

    Enlightenment (apx times)

    intellectual movement stressing natural laws and cliassifcations in nature in 18th century Europe.
  • Charlemenge

    The Founding of the Holy Roman Empire: the coronation of Charlemagne, December 25, 800