Mar 2, 1300
THe RenaissanceA movement that began in Italy that was both philosphical and artisitc. It was marked by a renewed interest in ancient Greek and Roman literature and life.
Mar 2, 1374
Framcesco PetrarchA humanist, who became a famous scholar and a teacher. He also wrote poetry. The sonnets he wrote to Laura, an imaginary ideal woman, are considered some of the greatest love poems in literature.
Feb 28, 1450
Johannes Gutenberg of MainzScholars beleived that he became the first European to use movable type to print books. Gutenberg used his printing press to print copies of the Bible.
Jan 1, 1452
birth of Leonardo da VinciHe was an architect, engineer, painter, sculptor, and scientist. His studies in anatomy helped him draw realistic human figures, and used mathematics to organize his space.
Feb 25, 1475
birth of michelangeloMichelangelo painted the chapel ceiling, the residence of the pope. He also sculpted the famous sluptures of David and Pieta.
Feb 28, 1483
birth of Martin LutherMartin Luther was a priest , and teacher. He felt it necessary to challenge church practices theat he disagreed with. The church ended up throwing Luther out. Luther then founded the Lutherian Church.
Feb 28, 1500
ReformationSeveral northern humanists argues thta the Roman Catholic Church had lost sight of its spiritual mission. Their claims would lead to a movement the would split the church. This was called the Reformation
Feb 28, 1516
UtopiaUtopia is a book writtern by Thomas More, an English humanist. In this work, More condemned governments as courrupt and argues that private ownership of property causes unnecessary conflicts between people.
Feb 25, 1528
The Book of the CourtierThis book was written by Baldassare Casiglione,an Italian diplomat. The book was about how real gentlemen and genlewomen should act in polite society.
Mar 2, 1531
John CalvinCarried on Zwingli's work. Zwingli shared many ideas about the church, but disagreed on forms of worship and religious images. For example, Zwingli's followers covered up wall decorations in churches.