The labor and abolitionist movements needed women to rally around their causes.
Women's Suffrage in the Western United States
Panic of 1837
The banking crisis illustrates the problem of a woman's assets in marriage being vulnerable to her husband's creditors.
Married Women's Property Act of 1839
Mississippi Governor Alexander G. McNutt signed a law allowing married women in Mississippi to own property separate from that of their husbands.
1840s Anti-Coverture Laws
Anti-coverture laws, passed in many states in the 1840s, protected women's marital property and business interests.
World Anti-Slavery Convention
Held in London, many women who were not allowed to be seated as delegates attended, including Americans Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.
Married Women's Property Act of New York
New York was the first state to expand married women's control over their own property.
Seneca Falls Convention
The Seneca Falls Convention took place on July 19th and 20th in Seneca Falls, New York. This was the first Women's Suffrage convention.The Convention used Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence as a model for its resolutions. The Convention was organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony and was emceed by Stanton's husband.
National Women's Rights Convention
Organized by Lucy Stone, the convention was held in Worchester, Massachusetts. Delegates came from eleven different states. Over 900 people attended on the first day, including many men.
Women's Rights Convention in Albany
This convention took place on February 14th and 15th in Albany, New York. The convention called for the overhaul of state laws discriminating against women and laws concerning the right of women to own property and to have child custody. Elizabeth Cady Stanton "addressed" the New York legislature and said that laws did not recognize that men and women are alike.
Stanton and the Right to Divorce
At the Women's Rights Convention in New York, Elizabeth Cady Stanton said that women should have the right to divorce men. This position shocked the world and strained her relationship with her father. The resolution supporting women's right to divorce was not passed.
Congress proclaimed that the head of a homesteading family has no gender. The head could be either male or female.
Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton are appalled at the narrowness of the Emancipation Proclamation. They believe it should guarantee women greater rights as well.
13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
Women worked for the abolition of slavery but learned, from their fellow abolitionists who were male, that universal suffrage would have to wait until former slaves were fully enfranchised.
Women's Suffrage in Utah
Utah Territory gave the vote to women. However, they still could not hold public office. The act was signed by acting governor S. A. Mann. Susan B. Anthony had campaigned for women's suffrage in Utah.
National Women's Suffrage Association
Founded by Stanton and Anthony, the NWSA opposed the 15th Amendment, which gave the vote to black men. No men could hold office in the NWSA.
The Subjection of Women by John Stuart Mill
In his book, Mill proposed equal rights and education for women.
Women's Suffrage in Wyoming
Wyoming grants women the right to vote, becoming the first territory to do so. The illustration shows Wyoming women voting from an illustrated magazine.
Women's Opposition to the 15th Amendment
Leaders of the women's rights movement opposed the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which provides for no denial of the right to vote for race, color, or servitude, but excludes gender.
Married Women's Rights in California, Colorado, and Nevada
These states granted married women independent property rights, but they still could not vote.
Women's Suffrage in Washington Territory
The legislature of Washington Territory gave women the right to vote. Mary Olney Brown of Olympia was a pioneering suffragist in the Washingon movement.
NWSA and AWSA Merge
The two Women's Suffrage groups merge to form the National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA).
Women's Suffrage in Colorado
Women earn the right to vote in Colorado in a constitutional amendment. Colorado was the first state to approve women's suffrage in a general election. Populists were a major source of support.
Women's Suffrage in Idaho
Kate E. Nevile Feltham of Caldwell County, Idaho, and Oregon organizer Abigail Jane Scott campaigned for suffrage in Idaho. Idaho women gained the vote with strong labor and Populist support through Amendment 6 to the state constitution.
Women's Suffrage in Washington State
Women in the state of Washington (no longer a territory) earned the right to vote in the passage of a state constitutional amendment.
Women's Suffrage in California
Proposition 4 regarding Senatorial Constitutional Amendment 8 to the California Constitution passed giving women the vote.
Women's Suffrage in Arizona
Led by Josephine Hughes, women's suffrage passed in every Arizona county.
Women's Suffrage in Oregon
Women could now vote in Oregon when Governor Oswald West signed the Equal Suffrage Proclamation. Abigail Scott Duniway, a suffrage activist, also signed the proclamation.
Women's Suffrage in Alaska Territory
As Speaker of the AlaskaTerritorial House of Representatives, E. B. Collins promoted suffrage for women in the Alaska Territory.
Women's Suffrage in Nevada
Led by Anne Martin, president of the Nevada Equal Franchise Society, Nevada granted women the right to vote.
The West Leads the Nation in Women's Suffrage
This picture illustrates the timeline of states' adopting Women's Suffrage.
Women's Suffrage in Montana
Women gained the vote in Montana. Jeannette Rankin, a suffrage leader in Montana, ran for Congress and became the nation's first Congresswoman two years later.
House of Representatives Passes 19th Amendment
Women's Suffrage passes in the House of Representatives but fails in the Senate.
Women's Suffrage Passes in the Senate
After being passed in the Senate, Women's Suffrage is ratified by 36 states.
19th Amendment Becomes Law
Women's Suffrage becomes official. Women now have the right to vote in all states.