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Women's Suffrage in the American West and the Events that made Suffrage Possible

  • U.S. Labor and Abolitionist Movements

    The labor and abolitionist movements needed women to rally around their causes.
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    Women's Suffrage in the Western United States

  • Panic of 1837

    The banking crisis illustrates the problem of a woman's assets in marriage being vulnerable to her husband's creditors.
  • Married Women's Property Act of 1839

    Married Women's Property Act of 1839
    Mississippi Governor Alexander G. McNutt signed a law allowing married women in Mississippi to own property separate from that of their husbands.
  • 1840s Anti-Coverture Laws

    Anti-coverture laws, passed in many states in the 1840s, protected women's marital property and business interests.
  • World Anti-Slavery Convention

    World Anti-Slavery Convention
    Held in London, many women who were not allowed to be seated as delegates attended, including Americans Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.
  • Married Women's Property Act of New York

    New York was the first state to expand married women's control over their own property.
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    The Seneca Falls Convention took place on July 19th and 20th in Seneca Falls, New York. This was the first Women's Suffrage convention.The Convention used Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence as a model for its resolutions. The Convention was organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony and was emceed by Stanton's husband.
  • National Women's Rights Convention

    National Women's Rights Convention
    Organized by Lucy Stone, the convention was held in Worchester, Massachusetts. Delegates came from eleven different states. Over 900 people attended on the first day, including many men.
  • Women's Rights Convention in Albany

    Women's Rights Convention in Albany
    This convention took place on February 14th and 15th in Albany, New York. The convention called for the overhaul of state laws discriminating against women and laws concerning the right of women to own property and to have child custody. Elizabeth Cady Stanton "addressed" the New York legislature and said that laws did not recognize that men and women are alike.
  • Stanton and the Right to Divorce

    At the Women's Rights Convention in New York, Elizabeth Cady Stanton said that women should have the right to divorce men. This position shocked the world and strained her relationship with her father. The resolution supporting women's right to divorce was not passed.
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    Congress proclaimed that the head of a homesteading family has no gender. The head could be either male or female.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton are appalled at the narrowness of the Emancipation Proclamation. They believe it should guarantee women greater rights as well.
  • 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

    Women worked for the abolition of slavery but learned, from their fellow abolitionists who were male, that universal suffrage would have to wait until former slaves were fully enfranchised.
  • Women's Suffrage in Utah

    Women's Suffrage in Utah
    Utah Territory gave the vote to women. However, they still could not hold public office. The act was signed by acting governor S. A. Mann. Susan B. Anthony had campaigned for women's suffrage in Utah.
  • National Women's Suffrage Association

    Founded by Stanton and Anthony, the NWSA opposed the 15th Amendment, which gave the vote to black men. No men could hold office in the NWSA.
  • The Subjection of Women by John Stuart Mill

    The Subjection of Women by John Stuart Mill
    In his book, Mill proposed equal rights and education for women.
  • Women's Suffrage in Wyoming

    Women's Suffrage in Wyoming
    Wyoming grants women the right to vote, becoming the first territory to do so. The illustration shows Wyoming women voting from an illustrated magazine.
  • Women's Opposition to the 15th Amendment

    Leaders of the women's rights movement opposed the 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution which provides for no denial of the right to vote for race, color, or servitude, but excludes gender.
  • Married Women's Rights in California, Colorado, and Nevada

    These states granted married women independent property rights, but they still could not vote.
  • Women's Suffrage in Washington Territory

    Women's Suffrage in Washington Territory
    The legislature of Washington Territory gave women the right to vote. Mary Olney Brown of Olympia was a pioneering suffragist in the Washingon movement.
  • NWSA and AWSA Merge

    The two Women's Suffrage groups merge to form the National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA).
  • Women's Suffrage in Colorado

    Women's Suffrage in Colorado
    Women earn the right to vote in Colorado in a constitutional amendment. Colorado was the first state to approve women's suffrage in a general election. Populists were a major source of support.
  • Women's Suffrage in Idaho

    Women's Suffrage in Idaho
    Kate E. Nevile Feltham of Caldwell County, Idaho, and Oregon organizer Abigail Jane Scott campaigned for suffrage in Idaho. Idaho women gained the vote with strong labor and Populist support through Amendment 6 to the state constitution.
  • Women's Suffrage in Washington State

    Women's Suffrage in Washington State
    Women in the state of Washington (no longer a territory) earned the right to vote in the passage of a state constitutional amendment.
  • Women's Suffrage in California

    Women's Suffrage in California
    Proposition 4 regarding Senatorial Constitutional Amendment 8 to the California Constitution passed giving women the vote.
  • Women's Suffrage in Arizona

    Women's Suffrage in Arizona
    Led by Josephine Hughes, women's suffrage passed in every Arizona county.
  • Women's Suffrage in Oregon

    Women's Suffrage in Oregon
    Women could now vote in Oregon when Governor Oswald West signed the Equal Suffrage Proclamation. Abigail Scott Duniway, a suffrage activist, also signed the proclamation.
  • Women's Suffrage in Alaska Territory

    Women's Suffrage in Alaska Territory
    As Speaker of the AlaskaTerritorial House of Representatives, E. B. Collins promoted suffrage for women in the Alaska Territory.
  • Women's Suffrage in Nevada

    Women's Suffrage in Nevada
    Led by Anne Martin, president of the Nevada Equal Franchise Society, Nevada granted women the right to vote.
  • The West Leads the Nation in Women's Suffrage

    The West Leads the Nation in Women's Suffrage
    This picture illustrates the timeline of states' adopting Women's Suffrage.
  • Women's Suffrage in Montana

    Women's Suffrage in Montana
    Women gained the vote in Montana. Jeannette Rankin, a suffrage leader in Montana, ran for Congress and became the nation's first Congresswoman two years later.
  • House of Representatives Passes 19th Amendment

    Women's Suffrage passes in the House of Representatives but fails in the Senate.
  • Women's Suffrage Passes in the Senate

    After being passed in the Senate, Women's Suffrage is ratified by 36 states.
  • 19th Amendment Becomes Law

    19th Amendment Becomes Law
    Women's Suffrage becomes official. Women now have the right to vote in all states.