Women in technology face uphill battle pop 8545

Women's History and Rights

  • Republican Motherhood

    Republican Motherhood
    Between 1760 and 1800 as the revoluntionary came to a close, women had a change in their position within society. They now felt like they had to be educated and literate in order to become the best mothers possible. This idea of educated women would later lead to more educated children in futher generations.
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott met in London and decided to later hold a convention in New York. This was an important event because it was one of the first times women wanted the idea of the right to vote made public. They talked about getting rid of slavery and what rights women needed. People like Susan B. Anthony would later get to lead women suffrage in the 1920s. Many men in society did not agree with this event. Women were starting to be noticed for America.
  • the Cult of True Womanhood is no longer

    the Cult of True Womanhood is no longer
    Before the Civil War women were seen as care takers to men. However, during the civil war their image began to change. The gathered supplies for troops, took over jobs, became nurses, and some even helped out with the battlefield. Dix helped out with nurses and many American american women worked still as "marons".
  • Homestead Act Encourages Independent Women to Move West

    Homestead Act Encourages Independent Women to Move West
    The Homestead Act of 1862, in addition to Westward Expansion, encouraged independent women to start their own lives by themselves in the West. The Homestead Act granted 160 acres to any person 21 or older willing to cultivate the land, and live on it, for 5 years. The importance of this act, was that its guidelines also included women, promoting the growth of women's independence, and the end to their dependence on men.
  • Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) Founded

    Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) Founded
    This association was created to create a world void of alcohol that was pure in spirit, and a place of prevalent Christianity. In addition to alcohol, they were also interested in abolishing tobacco, prostitution, and poor working conditions, as well as the promotion of suffrage. Its first president was Annie Wittenmyer, who was followed by the famous Frances Willard.
  • Knights of Labor Accept Women Into Union

    Knights of Labor Accept Women Into Union
    The Knights of Labor, a labor union led by Terence Powderly, began accepting women as members starting after 1878. This was a huge step, as women were now being given acknowledgement that they too had opinions on the goings on in the workplace. They were no longer viewed, by a fairly influential group of men, as mere objects in the household.
  • Helen Hunt Jackson Writes "A Century of Dishonor"

    Helen Hunt Jackson Writes "A Century of Dishonor"
    Helen Hunt Jackson published her book, "A Century of Dishonor" in 1881. It was practically unheard of a woman to publish a book herself, during this period of time, and so this was revolutionary. She sent a copy of her book to every Congress member, reminding them of the US's tumultuous affairs with the Native Americans for the past century. It was a move which added to the women's rights movement, as it showed men of the time that women could be just as intelligent, as well as educated as men.
  • Mary E. Lease Enters the Scene as an Orator

    Mary E. Lease Enters the Scene as an Orator
    Ms. Lease was a lawyer from Wichita, and in 1890, she joined the alliance (Farmers' Alliance) and burst onto its scene. She was well known for her fiery public speaking skills, and she once states (about Kansas), "Raise less corn and more hell,"
  • Gibson Girl Created by Charles Dana Gibson (Illustrator)

    Gibson Girl Created by Charles Dana Gibson (Illustrator)
    The Gibson Girl was the image of "the perfect woman" during the time period of the 1890s-1910s. She had a perfect figure, complete with long, lustrous hair in an up-do, an s-shaped torso created from a corset, etc. She was adventurous, yet she always maintained perfect composure and appearance. She had control over her man, which was influential, since she was an ideal for thousands of women, showing that the tides were turning, and women would be dominant, and more independent.
  • National Women's Alliance Founded

    National Women's Alliance Founded
    Was created as an "offshoot" of the Grange for women. They supported issues supported by the Grange, as well as prohibition causes. It was made up of women orators and lecturers. They declared: "Put 1,000 women lecturers in the field and revolution is here,"
  • Florence Kelley of Hull House Fights for Better Working Conditions

    Florence Kelley of Hull House Fights for Better Working Conditions
    Kelley fought for better working conditions for women and children in Illinois factories and sweatshops by convincing Illinois legislature to limit working hours for women and ban child labor. She showed to the public that women were also ready, not only men, to make a change in the working lifestyles of everyday Americans.
  • Queen Liliuokalani Overthrown by White Sugar Planters

    Queen Liliuokalani Overthrown by White Sugar Planters
    Q.L., the last member of the Hawaiian royalty, was overthrown by white sugar planters, in order to annex Hawaii to the US. She gave up her thrown by her own decision, in order to avoid danger to her people.
  • Ida Wells-Barnett and her Politics

    Ida Wells-Barnett and her Politics
    She was an African American who stood up for the equailty of blacks. She focused on telling people about the horrors of lynching. Ida Wells toured the United States and parts of Great Britian after writing the powerful story The Red Record. This was significant because she supported she showed that ALL sexes of the African-American race would fight for liberty, and that women could fight for something and succeed.
  • Florence Kelley Becomes Head of National Consumers' League

    Florence Kelley Becomes Head of National Consumers' League
    She became the head of a corporation which assembled the public to fight for better factory working conditions. This showed to the public that women could run large organizations, and be successful at the same time.
  • Women's Role

    Women's Role
    Women with college educations tripled from 1900 to 1920. Some women that were unmarried went to work as clerks, white-collared workers, secretaries, and typists. The Divorce rate rose
  • Enlarging the Women's Sphere

    Enlarging the Women's Sphere
    New organizations like Playground Association of America, National Child Labor Committee, Anti-Saloon League, and America League of Civic Improvement let women gain interest and political invovlement within society. They worked with children and in slums. Emma Goldman wrote Mother Nature and Women and Economics written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman explored gender roles to society. Herland in 1915 describes the utopia which females are portrayed a part of, they begin to break this image slowly.
  • Carrie Chapman Catt and NAWSA

    Carrie Chapman Catt and NAWSA
    After Susan B. Anthony was in charge of NAWSA, she became in charge, and used the Winning Plan. She wanted to try a new way, and wanted to go by state to get votes for women's suffrage. It started in the west and continued to the east over time. She revitalized the movement, and she helped it to regain strength.
  • The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union is Founded

    The International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union is Founded
    Founded by immigrants, the ILGWU organized strikes, especially after the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, to improve working conditions for women. They showed the public that IMMIGRANT women could also make a change for the better, not just "wasps".
  • Jane Addams Accomplishments

    Jane Addams Accomplishments
    She wrote Democracy and Social Ethics. Jane Addams later makes Hull Houses and supports immigrants. Her accomplishments helped society change for the better at this time, as well as let other citizens know what other people's lives were like.
  • Ida Tarbell Writes "History of the Standard Oil Company"

    Ida Tarbell Writes "History of the Standard Oil Company"
    Ida Tarbell, a muckraker, publishes her book, "History of the Standard Oil Company", which exposed the negative aspects of the Standard Oil Company. This was significant because it showed to the public that women could also make a difference in the lifestyles of other Americans by exposing corrupt corporations, not only men.
  • Typhoid Mary Found to Be a Carrier of Typhoid

    Typhoid Mary Found to Be a Carrier of Typhoid
    Typhoid Mary, also known as Mary Mallon, who was an Irish chef in New York City, was discovered to be a carrier of typhoid fever in 1907. She was "locked up" by the government to prevent the future spreading of the disease. This was significant, because it showed doctors across the nation the possibility of carriers of diseases, or cases of people that didn't show signs of diseases, but could pass them on to people in their close proximity.
  • Muller vs. Oregon Upheld

    Muller vs. Oregon Upheld
    This case regarded limiting women's working hours in a laundry company. It was decided that women's working hours would be limited, and shorter than men's, due to their "fraility" and "natural delicateness". It was a landmark case, because although it was positive for women that they didn't have to work as long, it was also negative because it deepened the divide between sexes.
  • Mann Act Passed

    Mann Act Passed
    The Mann Act was enacted to prohibit the transportation of women across state lines for immoral purposes. In other words, it was an anti-prostitution act. This was a forward step for women, as any anti-prostitution act during this time helped women to grow, in men's minds, further away from "objects", and closer to men's equals. Th famous boxer, Jack Johnson, was convicted under this act.
  • Alice Paul's Acomplisement

    Alice Paul's Acomplisement
    1913 Alice Paul made the Congresional Union for Women's Suffarge, then renamed it National Women's Party in 1916. Wilson did not pass a bill yet for it, but the movement from the west of getting votes continued to the eastern parts of America. This party began to become more aggresive for the right to vote for women. Other parties like NAWSA, they went on hunger strikes and did parades. It was a fresh face for women compared to Catt.
  • Margaret Sanger Accomplisments

    Margaret Sanger Accomplisments
    She was a birth control advoctor during the progressive era. She held clinics that were considered illegal for women. Sanger wrote The Women Rebel in 1914 and The Birth Control Review 1916. This caused sex education in the 1900's more than it ever was before.
  • Jane Addams and The New Women into the 1920's

    Jane Addams and The New Women into the 1920's
    She made Hull Houses for immigrants. She also made the Women's Peace Party in 1915. 1907 wrote "New Ideals For Peace" which showed that she was an internationalist and for immigrants getting better lives. She opposed war and wrote in 1922 " Peace and Bread in Time of War". She continued to be a figure of great leadership when she in 1919 was made the first president of the Women's International League of Peace and Freedom.
  • NAWSA Continues Women's Suffrage Movement

    NAWSA Continues Women's Suffrage Movement
    This women's suffrage group was led by Carrie Chapman Catt and was for war. This was viewed by Catt as the "number one war job" women could do. It made women feel like they had the right to fight during the war, for their own rights.
  • Women During Wartime

    Women During Wartime
    Women played a vital role in society when men left for war. Not only did many participate in "Meatless Mondays" and take care of the children, they also took over many jobs. Florence Thorne from the AEF knew this was a time for women to be notice after they took up hard laboring jobs like construction as well as their usually work. However, after the time of war men promptly dominated the work force, and even the women that had jobs got lower wages than men at this time.
  • Alice Paul's National Women's Party

    Alice Paul's National Women's Party
    This party got congress to get the bill passed to get women the right to vote after many panflets and speeches given to the public. They started in 1917 by protesting Wilson's views right out side the white house with many banners and parades. They then went on hunger strikes. They showed that women's rights were just as important as going to war.
  • Julia Lathrop

    Julia Lathrop
    Head of Federal Children's Bureau promoted The Bureau of War Risk Insurance (BWRI) which would gave aid to soliders families and children. Made women recongized more for their struggles at home during the time of war.
  • Mary Ware Dennett Writes "The Sex Side of Life"

    Mary Ware Dennett Writes "The Sex Side of Life"
    A New Yorker and advocate for sex education and birth control, Dennett argued for widespread distribution of conraceptive products and services. In her long-banned quite obscene pamphlet, "The Sex Side of Life", she educates the youths of America about a subject they probably know little to no information about. It is significant, because it was one of the first times a woman spoke openly about sex, and produced an "open table" for discussion.
  • Nineteenth Amendment

    Nineteenth Amendment
    After the long battle, it gave women their suffrage, the right to vote. It showed that women could do something within society as well that they deserved respect from men.
  • Outdoor Recreation

    Outdoor Recreation
    Women played sports like tennis to stay active. They now had more free time because they used mass producted products to shorten their work load at home. They were viewed less harshly for doing things men did at this time
  • Fashion Develops for Women- The New Woman's Clothing

    Fashion Develops for Women- The New Woman's Clothing
    During the 1920s, hemlines grew shorter, dresses grew less fitted, heels grew higher, stocking grew thinner, makeup grew thicker, and the overall appearance of women grew less feminine. This was a sign of growing independence for women, and their growing further apart from their past selves.
  • Women Writers Prominant in the 1920s

    Women Writers Prominant in the 1920s
    -Hemila Galindo wrote "Mujer Moderna"-Mexican woman who believed in women's rights
    -Radclyffe Hall wrote "Well of Lonliness"- About lesbianism
    -Elisabeth de Gramont- wrote about youth and forgetting the war
    Significance? Showed that women had opinions that they wanted to be heard, and that publishers were now willing to publish a wider array of women writers-progress!!!
  • Miss America Pageant Created

    Miss America Pageant Created
    The first Miss America Pagent was created in 1921. It made women feel confident and it raised their self-esteem.
  • Edith Galt Dies

    Edith Galt Dies
    Wilson's 2nd determined wife dies. She hid Wilson from the public in his time of need, in his illness, and she helped America to keep a strong-appearing facade, even when its leader's condition was deteriorating.
  • Black Women Take Part in Harlem Renaissance

    Black Women Take Part in Harlem Renaissance
    -Ethel Waters-Singer
    -Nella Larsen-Quicksand(1928)-Spoke of a Mulatto woman's troubles
    -Josephine Baker-dancer
    Significance? Women now contributed to a strong movement, and they played an important role in it. They made the men realize that they needed them for the growth of the movement.
  • Changing into the "New Women"

    Changing into the "New Women"
    In the 1920's so many changes occured in women. Women were now more free and could go on dates with other men. It was not set in stone of who they would marry when they were born. Sex was a talked about subject. Women went out more and some were even seen as flappers in short dresses. Women wanted to escape the past of war and dance the charleston into the future. They smoked and were seen in a more outgoing light than in pervious times. With new mass produced items women could do chores like la
  • Changing into the "New Women" Continued

    Changing into the "New Women" Continued
    laundry easier and have more time to hang around. They could go out in cars by themselves or even to meet other men. More women began to educatons and become more invidivual than the general idea of what a women was. There was more department stores and products produced towards women, because now women were better recogonized in society.
  • "Unemployment Shock" and Women

    "Unemployment Shock" and Women
    Women were described by Robert Wagner, a New York Sentor "the first orphan in the storm". Many women were laid-off and their employment rate went from 25% to20%. If they were working, they usually had low paying jobs. Married women were urged to leave the work force, especially by Frances Perkins so that more men would have jobs. women got paid less than men and the NRA and Fair labor standards act did not help them to get minimum wage.
  • GM Strikes and Women

    GM Strikes and Women
    Women did not occupy factories during strikes but, they did picket outside of the factories. A Women's Auxiliary was then created by families. They did this to create meals and do other invovlements such as set up marches. Women start to get invovled more and more with working as well as politics at this time. They were effects the governments policies even more based on some of their views.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt Redefines "First Lady"

    Eleanor Roosevelt Redefines "First Lady"
    Eleanor Roosevelt redefines the formerly quite superficial position of 'First Lady" to FDR from his service in US politics from 1932-1945. She devoted herself to caring for her husband, while at th same time, focused her strength on helping the people of the United States, be they sick, healthy, rich, or poor.
  • Frances Perkins in Office

    Frances Perkins in Office
    Frances Perkins becomes the Secretary of Labor, becoming the first woman cabinet member. She had previously served as the industrail commissioner of New York. Her acceptance into the position opened door for women in the future to become other heads of office.
  • Women Get Jobs in the WPA

    Women Get Jobs in the WPA
    Women get jobs in the WPA (Works Progress Administration) as artists, writers, actors, and musicians. This was significant, because the WPA alllowed women to get jobs in the Depression in a time where the only other available jobs for the most part where physical jobs, designed for men.
  • Mary McLeod Bethune

    Mary McLeod Bethune
    She was appointed by FDR, and was a friend of Eleanor Roosevelt's to serve in the National Youth Administration. Worked with the "black-cabniet" and with minority groups. FDR and her did not approve of discrmination of African Americans in voting rights or housing.
  • Movies and Women Stars Cont.

    Movies and Women Stars Cont.
    as well as contradicted stereotypes. There was still a large contrast of views within America about who women were in society.
  • Movies and Women Stars

    Movies and Women Stars
    In 1935 The Little Colonel had Shirley Tempple in it, a childhood start. The Wedding Present starred Joan bennett in 1936. Katharine Hepburn starred in Spitfire in 1934 and A wWomen Rebels in 1936. These portrayed women as breaking their stereotype image as housewives. Mae West mocked women's stereotype in and openly sexual movie I'm No Angel in 1933. Movies during the 1930's gave people a way to escape from the terrible world they were living in. There were movies out that both supported
  • Molly Dewson

    Molly Dewson
    Dewson was the head of the Democratic Party women's division. She argued how equality of women would help both sexes in economic programs. She also focused on what FDR did for women, like Frances Perkins in his cabinet. Dewson tried to court women voters as well. Due to her hard working actions she made genders more equal in her time.
  • Their Eyes Were Watching God

    Their Eyes Were Watching God
    Portrayed women that were African American in search of fufillment. It was a Novel by Neale Hurston and talked about a women in rural Florida. Literature at this time began to feature women and their values.
  • Marian Anderson

    Marian Anderson
    She was African American and performed at the white house for FDR. It was held at the Lincoln Memorial. This action led southerns to be outradged and signified how there was going to be a change to policies in racial discrimination.
  • "Rosie the Riveter" cont.

    "Rosie the Riveter" cont.
    These wartime jobs gave women a confidence boost, as well as got more women of color invovled too.
  • WAVES

    WAVES
    This gave women a chance to be apart of the war action by replacing men in jobs without combat. SOme jobs were ferry pilots, mechanics and radio operators as apart of the Navy's Women Appointed for Volunteer Emergency Service. This gave women more previldeges during times of war. They were not just becoming nurses for the Red Cross anymore.
  • WAC's

    WAC's
    Women's Army Corps , women had the chance to be in on the action and actual earn positions and military status. This gace them a higher image than before the war to men.
  • WASP's

    WASP's
    Women had the chance to serve and earn possible military postions (non-combative) in the WASP's which wasthe women's divisions of the airforce. Women now were seen in a better and stronger light than ever before.
  • "We are the Janes Who Make the Planes"

    "We are the Janes Who Make the Planes"
    Women changed their image and started to wear bandannas as they went to work. There was still the tensiion between "femininity" and masculinity" at this time. This song gave women hope, as 6 million more joined the work force at this time. Women had to release the men from the factories so they could fight the war.
  • "Rosie the Riveter"

    "Rosie the Riveter"
    "making history working for victory" was a popular song where Rosie was featured in. SHe was an icon for women to live by as they did physicallt demanding jobs like loading shells, welding hulls and operating cranes. WOmen were urged to work in defense factories and more married women jioned the workforce at this time. They got paid 65% of what the men got, and had to give their jobs back to them once they came home. More childcare centers were made so women could work in factories.
  • Women Help the War Effort

    Women Help the War Effort
    Women assisted the war effort in saving in various ways such as: "Meatless Mondays", "Wheatless Wednesdays", planting victory gardens, going without their nylon stockings, cooking with imitation chocolate, and sewing without hems.
  • Negative Effects of Women in Factories

    Negative Effects of Women in Factories
    Due to the fact so many women were working, their kids became juvenile delinquences more fequently. Also, the divorce rate rose at this time from16% to 27% of marriages. There also were many family memebers that were violent towards one another
  • Education After World War 2

    Education After World War 2
    Women now have the chance to have an easier access to higher education because more colleges were accepting to women. More teachers joined the factory work force and caused large demand for those jobs.
  • Katharine Hepburn and Judy Garland

    Katharine Hepburn and Judy Garland
    More than sixty million people attended the movies to see women star in romances and nostalgia movies about war. Women became role models and icons even more for the American viewer.
  • Baby Boom and Effect Continued

    Baby Boom and Effect Continued
    o make them react for a counter culture. Many women were kicked out of jobs after war and making a family was their new job. Some women were satisfied with this and others were not. "pink colored" jobs like waitresses and secretaries were taken up by a third of women. Most women that had jobs said it made them feel good about themselves. "New Look" fashions came out but women were mostly invisble during this time. Their issues were not seen as much by the public which is important to note.
  • Baby Boom and Effect on Women

    Baby Boom and Effect on Women
    After the war until 1965 the baby boom occured as many new children were born. Women then in society were forced to be looked as just moms and many did not go to college to get a degree, but to get theri "Mrs.". Society now was changing to conformity and women began to lose the rights and respect they had before the war. Magazines like Life encourage women to stay at home. Many people see the ideal life as a men and women being married. 76 million children were born which will cause them later t
  • Common Sense of Baby and Child Care

    Common Sense of Baby and Child Care
    After the baby boom many women began to live by this book by Doctor Benjamin Spock. It encouraged women to stay at home and to create a warm environnment for children to live in. This was like the bible of how to raise your child and it encouraged moms not to be so hard on the kids and be more "democratic" and "permissive". These technics would later be reflected by the nonconformist during that generation.
  • Death of Ethel Rosenberg

    Death of Ethel Rosenberg
    She died from the electric chair with her bother-in-law at this time. This was because she was considered a spy during wartime. This was important that even without a fair trail at the time the red scare was heightening. It was the main focus of America to fight communism and to win. However, along the way there were many cases were it could have been done in a more just way. Many Americans were outraged when this citizens were accused. Some even participated in strikes.
  • I Love Lucy and Television

    I Love Lucy and Television
    It starred Lucille Ball who was one other main characters in the show. At this time American began to watch more and more television. Her image was funny and liked by americans. Other shows like The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet portrayed a stay at home mom vaccuming in heels and how much she loved it. Women in society were being viewed differently compared to strong, and independent in other eras.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    She was a leader of the NAACP.She was african american and one day when she did not give up her sit to a white man on a bus she was arrested in Montegomery. She sparked more work in the civil rights movement and the Women's Polictical Council. She was seen as a strong leader and was important is starting the movement. She was very brave and continued to be associated with a strong image thoughout her life time.
  • "The Pill" Becomes Available

    "The Pill" Becomes Available
    “The Pill”, also known as an oral contraceptive birth-control pill, became available for women to use. They were able to be more “daring” in their romantic escapades due to it, for they needn’t worry as much about the possibility of becoming pregnant.
  • Rachel Carson

    Rachel Carson
    She wrote a very powerful book called Silent Spring. This book talked about the harmful affects of DDT on the environment. It also addressed the fact that to americans how our environmental resources are not unlimited and that pollution is still occuring. This bbok was very powerfula dn would go on to inspire issues in Nixon's presidency about the environment.
  • Betty Friedan writes "The Feminine Mystique"

    Betty Friedan writes "The Feminine Mystique"
    Ms. Friedan’s work described the tiresome, monotonous days in the life of the American housewife. She criticizes the way in American society in which women give up their life goals and aspirations, in an occupational sense mainly, to get a “good catch” (a husband). This book led many American women to revolt against the chains of domesticity, and to make a change in their lives for the better.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination on the basis of race, religion, or sex in public accommodations and most employment. Although mainly intended for giving blacks more rights, it also opened up new possibilities for women, because it made discrimination in the listed places above illegal.
  • Caroline Bird

    Caroline Bird
    She wrote The Invisible Scar which depicted the hard times of the depression in 1930. Women's magazines had ways to make low cost meals and conserve resources. This made the public reflect on what happened, and how they then had the fear of "a dull misery in the bones" again.
  • The National Organization for Women (NOW) Formed

    The National Organization for Women (NOW) Formed
    NOW’s main focus was to make women and men equal in American society. They wanted to have equal opportunity in the workplace and have an end to sexism in the community. They were one of the first and most powerful women’s rights groups of the 1960s.
  • Loving v. Virginia

    Loving v. Virginia
    In Loving v. Virginia, interracial marriage was legalized. Now, women could marry whomever they pleased, no matter if they were white, black, Asian, or any other race, making their lives more free.
  • Women Begin "Consciousness Raising" Sessions

    Women Begin "Consciousness Raising" Sessions
    In these sessions, women opened up to each other about their daily problems and annoyances with being a woman. They found that they all shared their problems, and that when joined together, they could make a difference. Women learned that “sisterhood was powerful”.
  • The Women's Strike for Equality

    The Women's Strike for Equality
    At the largest women's rights demonstration in US history, which commemorated the 50th anniversary of wome's suffrage, thousands of American females paraded for the right for legal abortions and equal employment rights.
  • Daycare "Nixed"

    Daycare "Nixed"
    President Richard Nixon denies a national program for a system of daycares because he believed that they were too “communal”. Yet again, this was a backwards step in women’s rights. Daycare centers were a way for single women to have children and have careers at the same time. By restricting the number of daycares, the number of women working was essentially restricted.
  • Roe v. Wade

    Roe v. Wade
    Abortion during the first trimester for women was legalized in this Supreme Court Decision. It was significant, because now women had the freedom to choose if they would go through with a pregnancy, especially if it occurred in a bad way, such as rape.
  • Medicaid Halts Abortion Payments

    Medicaid Halts Abortion Payments
    Funding for most abortions by Medicaid is halted. This made it very difficult for women with financial troubles to have an abortion, in other words, poor women. This was significant, because it was a step backwards in women’s rights since the upward movement of the 1960s.
  • Sandra Day O'Connor Elected

    Sandra Day O'Connor Elected
    Sandra Day O’Connor is elected to the Supreme Court by President Reagan, being the first woman Supreme Court Justice. This was an important step forward in women in the workforce, and it politics. She cleared the way for further women to progress upwards in political power.
  • ERA Ended

    ERA Ended
    The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was ended and never ratified, being just three states short for success. Although it gained some support in its early days, in the 1980s ERA fizzled out. Once again, a “brain child” of the 1960s had diminished, further restricting women’s rights.
  • Women In Office

    Women In Office
    Bill Clinton’s Senate with 6 women, and the House with 47 women. California was the first state with 2 women senators (Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein). Illinois elected first African American woman senator (Carol Moseley Braun). Once again, women progressed upwards in political power, gaining speed and control. They could voice the opinions of women across the nation.
  • Ginsburg Nominated

    Ginsburg Nominated
    Clinton nominates Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg. By Clinton nominating her, he showed that government was ready to put justice in the hands of a woman, showing new trust and realization of the responsibilities women could handle.
  • Mrs. Clinton Put In Charge

    Mrs. Clinton Put In Charge
    Clinton puts his wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, in charge of his new healthcare idea. Although he experienced much backlash for it, Clinton’s action showed that he was willing to put a large weight of responsibility in the hands of a woman. Women were progressing to equality.
  • Albright Selected

    Albright Selected
    Clinton chooses Madeline Albright as the secretary of state which was the highest governmental position ever to be held by a woman. The country was realizing that women could successfully hold large positions in politics. With Ms. Albright’s coming into the position, thousands of other women across America realized that they also could reach large feats in their lifetimes.
  • Clinton and His Women

    Clinton and His Women
    Paula Jones sues Clinton with a sexual-harassment suit (affair with Monica Lewinsky). This eventually led to the drawing up if lines for impeachment for Clinton. This showed the way in which women could wield power with their public actions and words, and in this case, influence people as large as the President of the United States.
  • Condoleezza Rice in Power

    Condoleezza Rice in Power
    Condoleezza Rice becomes the national security adviser under George W. Bush. This was a high role in the government, and it was another step in the ladder of women moving up in the workplace and in politics.
  • Women in the Senate

    Women in the Senate
    In this year, there were sixteen women in the Senate. That was an all-time high for numbers of women. Women had gained a great deal of power that they had never had before, and that power was growing exponentially.
  • Nancy Pelosi in Power

    Nancy Pelosi in Power
    Nancy Pelosi becomes the first woman Speaker of the House. The Speaker of the House is a large role in the government of the United States, and having a woman in the position was a new thing. Men in politics had finally realized that women could successfully act in large roles.
  • Hillary Clinton and the Presidential Election

    Hillary Clinton and the Presidential Election
    Hillary Clinton runs for the democratic ticket in the Presidential election. She was one of the few women that had ever run for the president, and in this case, she was quite successful. The nation showed that it was the public opinion that a woman could be trusted with the heavy task of being the President of the United States.
  • Hillary Clinton as S.of S.

    Hillary Clinton as S.of S.
    Hillary Clinton is named Secretary of State under Obama. Although she didn’t win the democratic ticket, she still gained power from the turning of the presidential tables. She furthered women’s involvement in large-scale politics, opening doors for future generations of women.
  • Women Become Fed Up

    Women Become Fed Up
    In 1968, women crowned a sheep Miss America. This expressed their utter disgust at the way women were objectified in society. They wanted to make a point to the men in America, and perhaps make a difference. Women also set up "freedom trash cans" in which bras, girdles, and other restrictive devices used to please the opposite sex were burned to a crisp. Shelters for abused women were set up. The term "male chauvinist pig" became a favorite of women in the nation.
  • Unionization drive and women

    Unionization drive and women
    Men did not want to unionize workers but, let women work in mass -production such as textiles and sales clerks. Married women now needed jobs for their families and were allowed to step back into the labor force without being harshly critized. The rate went from 12% employed to 16%. Marriage rates also declined at this time.
  • Women During the Revolutionary War

    Women During the Revolutionary War
    important women Women continued to not have a defined personality. Not only were some women nurses but women like Molly Pitcher were loading cannons on the battlefield.