General Timeline - Feminist History

  • Detroit Woolworth's Strike

    Detroit Woolworth's Strike
    Detroit Woolworth’s sit down strike. Myra Wolfgang and the “girl strikers” earn a 20-25% wage increase and union recognition in a 6 day strike. Wolfgang was instrumental organizing with the Hotel and Restaurant Employees Union (HERE)- Cobble, 1
  • Caroline Dawson Davis

    Caroline Dawson Davis
    31 year old Caroline Dawson Davis organizes her plant. Elected VP of Auto Workers Local in 1943
  • UAW Women's Department is Formed

    UAW Women's Department is Formed
    Wartime women workers "pushed for needs of women and minorities to be more fully integrated in to the union’s reform agenda.” (Cobble, 7)
  • Lillian Hatcher

    Lillian Hatcher
    Lillian Hatcher - first Black woman on the UAW’s national staff, assigned to the UAW’s Fair Practices and Discrimination Dept. Worked at UAW until 1980. Traveled with Davis (Cobble, 7)
  • Period: to

    Caroline Dawson Davis is head of Women Workers of UAW

    1948- 1973 — Caroline Dawson Davis is head of the women worked of UAW. Image: http://miriamneptune.com/Piwigo-gallery/picture.php?/721/recent_pics
  • Sojourners for Truth and Justice March on Washington

    Sojourners for Truth and Justice March on Washington
    Lorraine Hansberry attend as a journalist for Freedom (E. Robeson journal); Posters carried "We Charge Genocide"
  • Addie Wyatt

    Addie Wyatt
    "Addie Wyatt was appointed to the UPWA staff as at the first black woman national representative - held this position for the next 30 years. (Cobble, 8).
  • Founding of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

    Founding of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
  • Poor Black Women/ The Damned - Edit Date

    Poor Black Women/ The Damned - Edit Date
    Founding of Mt.Vernon/New Rochelle Women’s group, The Damned, organization of radical mostly poor black women; wrote LESSONS FROM THE DAMNED (“The Revolt of Poor Black Women”); Poor Black Women’s Study Papers ; Black Women Enraged (Black women’s liberation group)
  • President Kennedy establishes Commission on the Status of Women

    President Kennedy establishes Commission on the Status of Women
  • Women Strike for Peace (WSP) Founded

    Women Strike for Peace (WSP) Founded
    "In 1961, nearing the height of the Cold War, around 50,000 women marched in 60 cities around the United States to demonstrate against the testing of nuclear weapons. It was the largest national women's peace protest during the 20th century." (Wikipedia)
    Founded by Bella Abzug and Dagmar Wilson, WSP played a crucial role in bringing down HUAC.
  • Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique published

    Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique published
  • Equal Pay Act Passed

    Equal Pay Act Passed
  • Playboy Women Strike

    Myra Wolfgang organizes Playboy Bunnies to “bite back,” winning wages. (HERE women picket Detroit’s playboy club, 1963) - Cobble, 3
  • Wednesdays In Mississippi

    Wednesdays In Mississippi
    Coalition of Black and white women founded by Dorothy Height and Polly Cowan
  • The Waveland Memo

    Authored by white women SNCC activists DeLott, Hayden, Shrader and King...
  • SNCC Women Stage Strike / Sit-In

    Women SNCC members in Atlanta office stage strike/ sit in to protest sexist work assignments and sexual harassment
  • Civil Rights Act Passed

    Civil Rights Act Passed
    Included Title VII against sex discrimination in the workplace.
  • Women Working Alone founded

    Founding of Mothers Alone Working, San Francisco, (200 Black poor women)
  • Johnson signs Affirmative Action Executive Order

  • Voting Rights Act Passed

    Voting Rights Act Passed
  • "Jane Crow and the Law: Sex Discrimination and Title VII"

    "Jane Crow and the Law: Sex Discrimination and Title VII"
    Pauli Murray first black woman to earn doctorate in jurisprudence from Yale University Law School; her essay “Jane Crow and the Law” appeared in the December issue of the GEORGE WASHINGTON LAW REVIEW, co-authored with Mary O. Eastwood, early response to Title VII. First article in law journal to comment on gender discrimination and the law.
  • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 Passed

    Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 Passed
    Also known as the Hart-Cellar Act
  • The Moynihan Report

    The Moynihan Report
    “The Negro Family: the Case for National Action" aka “The Moynihan Report” saying that the matriarchal role of black women made the black family dysfunctional
  • EEOC

    EEOC
    Aileen Hernandez appointed only woman to President Lyndon Johnson’s inaugural Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)—left after 18 months
  • “A Kind of Memo” and “Sex and Caste”

    Hayden and King circulate anonymously “A Kind of Memo” at SNCC conference ( ); circulate memo to other women in peace and freedom movements with their names; reading of “Sex and Caste” memo at SDS Rethinking Conference
  • Founding of Mothers Alone Working

    Group founded in San Francisco (200 poor Black women)
  • SNCC Sexual Harassment Policy Established

    SNCC Sexual Harassment Policy Established
    Gwen Zoharah Simmons establishes sexual harassment policy at SNCC Laurel Project
  • Flo Kennedy encounter with NYPD

    Flo Kennedy encounter with NYPD
    Refused entry to her upscale Midtown East neighborhood because of a police barricade, she entered with a group of white men who were allowed in. “Instantly a team of policemen surrounded her and pushed her into the patrol car…At the station she was charged with resisting arrest and obstruction of justice...Her sister Joyce recalled ‘Flo was different after the arrest’...even ‘more impatient’ with the coercive power of racism.” (Randolph, 97)
  • Pauli Murray is founding member of NOW

    Pauli Murray is founding member of NOW
  • Percy Sutton, NY supports abortion reforms in state

    Percy Sutton, NY supports abortion reforms in state
  • Flo Kennedy starts Media Workshop

    Flo Kennedy starts Media Workshop
    "[using] these sessions to discuss strategies for challenging the media and to stress the importance of sharing tactical information across movement lines."[16] (Wikipedia)
  • Founding of National Organization of Women (NOW)

    Founding of National Organization of Women (NOW)
    Founding Black women members include Clara Wells, Amy Robinson, Dr. Pauli Murray, Anne Arnold Hedgeman and Aileen Hernandez (not pictured).
  • Flo Kennedy attends National Black Power Conference planning meeting

    Flo Kennedy attends National Black Power Conference planning meeting
    Labor Day, 1966 - Kennedy is one of 100 invited organizers who attend the planning conference for the Black Power Conference in DC. “The Black Power Conference’s stress on broad politically diverse coalitions was in keeping with Kennedy’s increasingly anti establishmentarian politics.” (Randolph, 100)
  • Black Panther Party founded in Oakland, CA

    Black Panther Party founded in Oakland, CA
  • Black Power Conference Held in Newark, July 20-24

    Black Power Conference Held in Newark, July 20-24
    More than 1,000 delegates from the US and the diaspora converged in Newark, which coincidentally took place just days after the Newark uprising. Flo Kennedy was a co-organizer, and facilitated a media workshop with Ossie Davis. A controversy ensued over the presence of her white guests Ti-Grace Atkinson and Peg Brennan. Confrontation with Queen Mother Moore.
  • CONDITIONS founded (1976-1990)

    CONDITIONS founded (1976-1990)
  • National Conference for New Politics

    National Conference for New Politics
    From Aug 31-Sept 1 1967, a spectrum of groups from the Left (including SCLC, SNCC, the Congress of Racial Equality, the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, SDS, SWS, Vietnam Summer, and SANE) came together to try and create a unified movement, but Black and white participants clashed over goals. Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave the keynote speech. Origin of the Peace and Freedom Party. Source: https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/S002187580300700X
  • First Meeting of NOW NY at home of Muriel Fox

    “When I said something about the war - - how women ought to oppose it -- Betty Friedan and Muriel Fox, who had set up with the meeting, went bonkers…” (Kennedy, 62) Then I brought up the fact that women had control of so much money...suggested we bring consumer action against the media and against the war... “‘We are not here to talk about the war or about Black Power,’ they scolded.”(Randolph, 113)
  • Chisholm supports similar (Sutton) abortion bill in state of NY, 1967

    Chisholm supports similar (Sutton) abortion bill in state of NY, 1967
  • Flo Kennedy Defends H. Rap Brown

    Flo Kennedy Defends H. Rap Brown
    H. Rap Brown arrested for incitement to riot in Cambridge, MD. Kennedy becomes his lawyer. Co-counsel William Kuntsler.
  • Women Strike for Peace attacked by police in front of White House

    Women Strike for Peace attacked by police in front of White House
    Anti-draft/out of Vietnam protest
  • Flo Kennedy Resigns from NOW

    Flo Kennedy Resigns from NOW
  • Shirley Chisholm first Black Woman elected to Congress

    Shirley Chisholm first Black Woman elected to Congress
    Shirley Chisholm is the first Black Woman elected to Congress, defeats James Farmer
  • Several Feminist Publications Emerge

    Several Feminist Publications Emerge
    VOICES OF THE WOMEN’S LIBERATION MOVEMENT (first, 7 issues, Chicago); LILITH (Seattle); NOTES FROM THE FIRST AND SECOND YEAR (NY)
  • Frances Beal Co-Founds SNCC's Black Women's Liberation Caucus (BWLC)

    Frances Beal Co-Founds SNCC's Black Women's Liberation Caucus (BWLC)
    Black Women’s Liberation Caucus (BWLC) of SNCC established following Frances Beal’s presentation of paper about the need for caucus. In 1970 BWLC became the Black Women’s Alliance (BWA), then the Third World Women's Alliance (TWWA).
  • Third World Liberation Front, Student Strikes

    Third World Liberation Front, Student Strikes
  • Bay Area Women for Dellums becomes Black Women Organized for Political Action (BWOPA)

    "an outgrowth of a group calling itself Bay Area Women for Dellums. After raising $75,000, and succeeding in electing Dellums, the original group 12 members who included Alfreda Abbott, Margaret Amoureaux, Belva Davis, Ruth Hagwood-Webb, Aileen Hernandez, Ella Hill Hutch, Mary Jane Johnson, Dorothy Pitts, Teola Sanders, Frances Taylor and Dezie Woods-Jones, continued to meet and work on other political issues." (http://www.bwopatileleads.org/about)
  • Flo Kennedy helps to organize Atlantic City Miss Amerika Protests

    Flo Kennedy helps to organize Atlantic City Miss Amerika Protests
  • First Miss Black America Pageant

    First Miss Black America Pageant
    Inaugural Miss Black America Pageant is held at the Ritz-Carlton, Atlantic City, blocks away from the Miss America protest.
  • First Women’s Studies Program established at San Diego State University

    First Women’s Studies Program established at San Diego State University
  • BLWC & SNCC split

    BLWC & SNCC split
    "BLWC splits from SNCC and becomes Black Women’s Alliance (BWA), later Third World Women’s Alliance until1979"
  • Our Bodies, Ourselves, published by Boston Women's Health Book Collective

    Our Bodies, Ourselves, published by Boston Women's Health Book Collective
  • NO MORE FUN AND GAMES: A JOURNAL OF FEMALE LIBERATION

    NO MORE FUN AND GAMES: A JOURNAL OF FEMALE LIBERATION
    " Mary Ann Weathers’ “An Argument for Black Women’s Liberation as a Revolutionary Force,” in NO MORE FUN AND GAMES: A JOURNAL OF FEMALE LIBERATION, February 1969, published by Cell 16, Boston"
  • Cellestine Ware, cofounder (with Shulamith Firestone and Anne Koedt) of New York Radical Feminists (Initially Stanton-Anthony Brigade)

    Cellestine Ware, cofounder (with Shulamith Firestone and Anne Koedt) of New York Radical Feminists (Initially Stanton-Anthony Brigade)
  • WOMEN: A JOURNAL OF LIBERATION (Baltimore)

    WOMEN: A JOURNAL OF LIBERATION (Baltimore)
  • JOMO (Junta of Militant organization) drafts feminist plank

    JOMO (Junta of Militant organization) drafts feminist plank
    JOMO drafts plank in St. Petersburg, FLA. Now African
    People’s Socialist Party
  • Pauli Murray's Article: "The Liberation of Black Women"

    Pauli Murray's article in Voices of the New Feminism, analyzed the double burden of racism and sexism (Words of Fire, 185)
  • Aileen Hernandez becomes President of NOW

    Aileen Hernandez becomes President of NOW
    Aileen Hernandez becomes president of NOW in 1970; testifies before Senate subcommittee on ERA (See MAKERS interview)
  • Students and Artists for Black Art Liberation

    Faith Ringgold, Michele Wallace, and Barbara Wallace organize to demand full equality in the "Venice Biennale-in-Exile," protest show organized by Warhol, Raushenberg, and Jasper Johns, demanding that the show should represent 50% women, 50% of those women should be black, and 25% should be students.
  • Founding of Third World Gay Revolution (Chicago)

  • Coalition of 100 Black Women founded

  • Sisterhood is Powerful anthology, edited by Robin Morgan

  • Bella Abzug elected to Congress

  • Linda LaRue's article: “The Black Movement and Women’s Liberation"

  • “A Historical and Critical Essay for Black Women,” published in VOICES FROM WOMEN’S LIBERATION

    Patricia Haden, Donna Middleton and Patricia Robinson write the essay, which first appeared first in Leslie Tanner's text Voices From Women's Liberation
  • Publication of Sookie Stumbler WOMEN”S LIBERATION: BLUEPRINT FOR THE FUTURE

    Publication of Sookie Stumbler WOMEN”S LIBERATION: BLUEPRINT FOR THE FUTURE
  • Publication of Shulamith Firestone's THE DIALECTIC OF SEX

    Publication of Shulamith Firestone's THE DIALECTIC OF SEX
  • Toni Morrison's THE BLUEST EYE is published

  • Toni Cade Bambara's THE BLACK WOMAN is published

    Toni Cade Bambara's THE BLACK WOMAN is published
  • Publication of Shirley Chisholm's UNBOUGHT AND UNBOSSED

    Publication of Shirley Chisholm's UNBOUGHT AND UNBOSSED
  • Audre Lorde's CABLES TO RAGE published

    Audre Lorde's CABLES TO RAGE published
  • Alice Walker’s THE THIRD LIFE OF GRANGE COPELAND published

    Alice Walker’s THE THIRD LIFE OF GRANGE COPELAND published
  • Cellestine Ware publishes WOMANPOWER

    Cellestine Ware publishes WOMANPOWER
  • Maxine Williams and Pamela Newman's BLACK WOMEN'S LIBERATION is published by Pathfinder Press

  • Free Angela Davis campaign begins

    Free Angela Davis campaign begins
  • Publication of Kate Millett’s SEXUAL POLITICS

    Millett appears on the cover of TIME
  • Robin Morgan’s SISTERHOOD IS POWERFUL: AN ANTHOLOGY published

    Includes essays by black
    women activists including Fran Beal’s “Double Jeopardy"
  • Flo Kennedy and Diane Schulder publish ABORTION RAP

    Includes her “Black Genocide” essay
  • Period: to

    The Jemima Collective

  • Flo Kennedy organizes Coat-Hanger Farewell March

    1500 women attend
  • TWWA- NYC Young Socialist Alliance speech published in THE MILITANT

  • Aileen Hernandez organizes Liberation Day March

    Aileen Hernandez organizes Liberation Day March
    Commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Nineteenth Amendment (August 26)
  • Ms. Magazine Founded

    Founded by Gloria Steinem and Dorothy Pittman Hughes, along with Letty Cottin Pogrebin, Joanne Edgar, Nina Finkelstein, and Mary Peacock.
  • Black Women Artists Collective founded

    Where We At” Black Women Artists (BWA) Collective founded; first black women artists exhibition, Acts of Art Gallery, Greenwich Village
  • Toni Morrison: "What the Black Woman Thinks about Women's Lib"

    Toni Morrison: "What the Black Woman Thinks about Women's Lib"
    "WHAT do black women feel about Women's Lib? Distrust. It is white, therefore suspect. In spite of the fact that liberating movements in the black world have been catalysts for white feminism, too many movements and organizations have made deliberate overtures to enroll blacks and have ended up by rolling them. They don't want to be used again to help somebody gain power—a power that is carefully kept out of their hands."
  • Vancouver Indochinese Women's Conference

  • Current Black Women Organized for Political Action (BWOPA) Founded

    "In April 1971, WOPA put out a call for women who were interested in political action and over 350 women convened at what then was the Bay Area's Black Culture Center, "The Rainbow Sign" to form what is now known as Black Women Organized for Political Action. To date, BWOPA is the oldest such organization in the State of California." (from https://www.bwopatileleads.org/about)
  • Angela Davis publishes “Reflections on the Black Woman’s Role in the Community of Slaves” while in prison

    Angela Davis publishes “Reflections on the Black Woman’s Role in the Community of Slaves” while in prison
  • Flo Kennedy appears on 60 Minutes

  • Women's Action Alliance founded

  • Flo Kennedy forms FEMINIST PARTY

  • Margaret Sloan writes to Gloria

    Margaret Sloan writes to Gloria
  • National Women's Political Caucus Founded

    National Women's Political Caucus Founded
    Fannie Lou Hamer gives keynote speech.
  • Toni Morrison's Article: What the Black Woman Thinks about Women's Lib

    Toni Morrison's Article: What the Black Woman Thinks about Women's Lib
    "WHAT do black women feel about Women's Lib? Distrust. It is white, therefore suspect. In spite of the fact that liberating movements in the black world have been catalysts for white feminism, too many movements and organizations have made deliberate overtures to enroll blacks and have ended up by rolling them. They don't want to be used again to help somebody gain power—a power that is carefully kept out of their hands."
  • Attica Prison Rebellion

  • Faith Ringgold Artwork "For the Women's House" (1971) Unveiled

    Faith Ringgold Artwork "For the Women's House" (1971) Unveiled
    Ringgold placed her first commissioned work in the Correctional Institution for Women on Rikers Island - formerly "The Women's House." This is considered her first major feminist painting. "Ringgold interviewed the incarcerated women about what they wanted to see... wanted an image of freedom, justice, equality, but most of all they wanted an image of hope, of a future..." (Hyperallergic.com)
  • Shirley Chisholm runs for President

    Shirley Chisholm runs for President
  • Gloria on the road with Margaret Sloan

    Gloria on the road with Margaret Sloan
    13 appearances in 1972
  • Gloria speaks at US Commission on Civil Rights on sex discrimination

    Gloria speaks at US Commission on Civil Rights on sex discrimination
  • First Issue of Triple Jeopardy

    First Issue of Triple Jeopardy
  • Black Sisters United established

  • Black Lesbian Caucus

    New York City Gay Activists Alliance (GAA)—has Black Lesbian Caucus
  • Angela Davis acquitted of all charges for murder and conspiracy

    Angela Davis acquitted of all charges for murder and conspiracy
  • Congress passes Title IX

  • Flo Kennedy, one of lawyers for Abramorwiez vs. Lefkowitz, NYC

    Repeal of restrictive abortion laws
  • Founding of The Sisterhood of Black Single Mothers, Daphne Busby, Brooklyn

  • Faith Ringgold’s “Feminist Series” paintings

  • National Black Feminist Organization (NBFO) founded

    National Black Feminist Organization (NBFO) founded
    Eastern Regional Conference (ERC) ON BLACK FEMINISM held in New York (covered by OFF OUR BACKS, LESBIAN TIDE, MS., NEWSWEEK): 400 women attended the first regional conference at the cathedral of St. John the divine, including Alice Walker, Barbara and Beverly Smith, and Florence Rice. Keynotes Flo Kennedy, Shirley Chisholm, Eleanor Holmes Norton.
  • Black Women Organizing for Action

    San Francisco: Aileen Hernandez founds this group
  • Supreme Court Supports Roe vs. Wade

    Supreme Court Supports Roe vs. Wade
    Overturns restrictive abortion laws
  • Pat Robinson's LESSONS FROM THE DAMNED is published

  • Combahee River Collective Established

    Combahee River Collective Established
    Boston chapter of NBFO
  • CLUW Founded

    Founding conference of CLUW takes place in Chicago in March 1974. 20-20% of 3,200 women present were Black, with several Black women leaders. (Common Differences, p.33)
  • Alice Walker, "In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens"

    Alice Walker, "In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens"
    Alice Walker’s “In Search of Our Mothers’ Gardens: The Creativity of Black Women in the South,” essay, Ms., May 1974
  • International Black Women for Wages and Housework Founded

    "International Black Women for Wages for Housework was founded by Margaret Prescod and Wilmette Brown in New York City. Prescod also founded the Black Women for Wages for Housework in Los Angeles alongside Sidney Ross-Risden in 1980. The Black Women for Wages for Housework focused on not only unpaid housework for the average housewife, but specific issues of black and third world women. They called for reparations for 'slavery, imperialism and neo-colonialism.'" (Common Differences, p.35)
  • "Free Joan Little" Movement is successful

  • Black Women United in Political Action (BWUPA) established

    Lasts until 1976
  • Flo Kennedy founds COALITION AGAINST RACISM AND SEXISM (CARS)

  • United Nations, International Women’s Year

    World Conference on Women held in Mexico City, Mexico
  • Toni Cade Bambara travels to Hanoi at invitation of their Vietnam Women's Union

    Toni Cade Bambara travels to Hanoi at invitation of their Vietnam Women's Union
    Toni Cade joins delegation of North American Academic Marxist-Leninist Anti-Imperialist Feminist Women to North Vietnam (invited by their Women’s Union)
  • Spelman College Protest

    "Faculty/student protest at Spelman College for first black woman president"
  • Founding of National Alliance of Black Feminists (NABF)

    National Alliance of Black Feminists organized (NABF), founded by Brenda Eichelberger and Janie Nelson, established Alternative School; NABF document “Philosophy of NABF” brochure (Eichelberger collection, Chicago Historical Society)
  • Salsa Soul Sisters Founded

    Salsa Soul Sisters Founded
  • Lilith, Sinister Wisdom, and Conditions founded

  • Sagaris and NBFO co-organize conference on racism and sexism

  • Combahee River Collective Statement published

    Published in Zillah Eisenstein’s as “A Black Feminist
    Statement”. Boston Chapter of NBFO splits off and forms CRC; first Black Women’s Network Retreat (have photo), South Hadley, Mass, July. <blockquote>Black, other Third World, and working women have been involved in the
    feminist movement from its start, but both outside reactionary forces
    and racism and elitism within the movement itself have served to obscure
    our participation.</blockquote>
  • AZALEA: A MAGAZINE BY THIRD WORLD LESBIANS founded (1977-83)

    Started by by the Salsa Soul Sisters, Third World Wimmin Inc Collective, groups that were part of the Black Lesbian Caucus of the GSS
  • Atlanta Lesbian Feminist Alliance (1977-1994)

  • First Black Feminist Retreat - Combahee River

    First Black Feminist Retreat - Combahee River
    Quote from Audre Lorde remarks (draft): "There is a world in which we all wish to live. That world is not attained lightly. We call it future. If, as Black Feminists, we do not begin talking, thinking, feeling ourselves for its shape, we will condemn ourselves and our children to a repetition of corruption and error."
  • Publication of Michele Wallace’s BLACK MACHO AND THE MYTH OF THE SUPERWOMAN

    Publication of Michele Wallace’s BLACK MACHO AND THE MYTH OF THE SUPERWOMAN
  • Founding of the National Coalition of Black Lesbians and Gay Men

    Wiki: A. Billy S. Jones, Darlene Garner, & Delores P. Berry organized the National Coalition of Black Gays (NCBG)/..to provide a national advocacy forum for African American gay men & lesbians at a time when no other organization existed to express their views...motivated by a belief that existing gay & lesbian organizations did not represent the views and experiences of African Americans...1984:NCBG added Lesbian... in the 1980s to become the National Coalition of Black Lesbians and Gays.
  • AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN’S SALON founded in New Haven

  • This Bridge Called My Back

    This Bridge Called My Back
    Edited by Cherrie Moraga and Gloria Anzaldua
  • Keynote presentation, NWSA, Audre Lorde “The Uses of Anger: Women Responding to Racism”

    "National Women's Studies Alliance Conference in Storrs, CT (See Women respond to racism : a report on the National Women's Studies Association Conference, Storrs, Connecticut, 1981 Sandoval
    yr:1982)"
  • Founding of Women’s Research & Resource Center, Spelman College

    Founding of Women’s Research & Resource Center, Spelman College
  • Founding of Kitchen Table Press

    Founding of Kitchen Table Press
  • ZAMI: A New Spelling of My Name

  • ALL THE WOMEN ARE WHITE, A THE BLACKS ARE MEN, BUT SOME OF US ARE BRAVE: BLACK WOMEN’S STUDIES

    Gloria Hull, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith
  • The Color Purple - Alice Walker

    The Color Purple - Alice Walker
  • Alice Walker's "Womanist"

    Alice Walker's "Womanist"
    "IN SEARCH OF OUR MOTHERS’ GARDENS: WOMANIST PROSE"
  • SAGE: A SCHOLARLY JOURNAL ON BLACK WOMEN

  • "National Black Women’s Health Project founded in Atlanta "

  • Angela Davis publishes WOMEN, RACE & CLASS

    Angela Davis publishes WOMEN, RACE & CLASS
  • "Common Differences": Third World Women and Feminist Perspectives Conference

    See: Mohanty, Chandra Talpade, Ann Russo, and Lourdes Torres. Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism. Indiana University Press, 1991.
  • Barbara Smith publishes HOME GIRLS: A BLACK FEMINIST ANTHOLOGY

  • Paula Giddings publishes WHEN AND WHERE I ENTER

  • Audre Lorde publishes SISTER OUTSIDER: Essays and Speeches

    Audre Lorde publishes SISTER OUTSIDER: Essays and Speeches
  • New York Women Against Rape Conference

  • Yours in Struggle, Three Feminist Perspectives on Anti-Semitism and Racism

    Barbara Smith along with Ellie Bulkin and Minnie Bruce-Pratt
  • Byllye Avery founds National Black Women's Health Project

  • UN Third World Women’s Conference, Nairobi

  • Wima Mankiller first principal chief of the Cherokee Nation

  • Celestine Ware remembers Simone de Beauvoir

    Celestine Ware, Ti-Grace Atkinson and Shulamith Firestone participate in a Redstockings Memorial Speakout for Simone de Beauvoir after her death in April 1986 at Soho 20 Gallery in NYC.
    https://archive.org/details/SimonedeBeauvoirMemorialSpeakoutRedstockingsNYC1986May1
  • Publication of WOMEN IN AFRICA AND THE AFRICAN DIASPORA, Rosalyn terborg-penn, Andrea Rushing