Women's Rights

Timeline created by alisharigg
In History
  • Hanna Adams Writing

    Hanna Adams Writing
    Hanna Adams is the first American woman to support herself by writing.
  • Plan For Improving Female Education

    Plan For Improving Female Education
    Emma Hart Willard write her "Plan For Improving Female Education". It defines the issues of women's education, but was unsuccessful during this time.
  • Public Schools Open For Girls

    Public Schools Open For Girls
    The first public high schools open for girls in Boston and New York.
  • Sojourner Truth Freed From Slavery

    Sojourner Truth Freed From Slavery
    Former slave and feminist Isabella van Wagener is freed and takes on the name Sojourner Truth. She begins to preach against slavery in New York and England.
  • Female Anti-Slavery Society Meets

    Female Anti-Slavery Society Meets
    The first female anti-slavery society meets in New York City. 81 delegates from 12 states attended.
  • Mount Holyoke College is established

    Mount Holyoke College is established
    Mount Holyoke College is formed in Massachusetts and is the first women's college.
  • Married Women's Property Act

    Married Women's Property Act
    Mississippi passes the first Married Women's Property Act.
  • First Women's Rights Convention

    First Women's Rights Convention
    The first Women's Rights Convention in the US is held in Seneca Falls, New York. This allows women's rights meetings to be held on a daily basis.
  • Women in the Medical Field

    Women in the Medical Field
    Elizabeth Blackwell is the first woman in the US to recieve a medical degree. Female doctors are legally permitted to practice medicine.
  • Women Granted Land

    Women Granted Land
    Women are granted the right to own land in Oregon, and any state.
  • Women's NY Temperance Society

    Women's NY Temperance Society
    Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton form the Women's NY Temperance Society.
  • The 14th Amendment

    The 14th Amendment
    The 14th Amendment is ratified.
  • National Woman Suffrage Association

    National Woman Suffrage Association
    Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman Suffrage Association, which set out to achieve voting rights for women and make it constitutional.
  • Wyoming Passes Suffrage Law

    Wyoming Passes Suffrage Law
    Wyoming passes the first women's suffrage law. Women began serving on juries in the state the following year.
  • Susan B. Anthony arrested

    Susan B. Anthony arrested
    Susan B. Anthony is arrested for attempting to vote.
  • Colorado Grants Voting Rights for Women

    Colorado Grants Voting Rights for Women
    Colorado is the first state with an amendment that grants women the right to vote.
  • National Association of Colored Women

    National Association of Colored Women
    The National Association of Colored Women is formed, which brings together more than 100 black women's clubs. Leaders include Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, Mary Church Terrell, and Anna Julia Cooper.
  • National Women's Trade Union League

    National Women's Trade Union League
    The National Women's Trade Union League (WTUL) is created. it helped advocate for improved wages and working conditions for women.
  • National Women's Party

    National Women's Party
    Alice Paul and Lucy Burns form the Congressional Union to work toward the passing of a federal amendment that would give women the right to vote. They are later renamed the National Women's Party. Members picket the White House and practice other forms of civil disobedience.
  • Margaret Sanger Clinics

    Margaret Sanger Clinics
    Margaret Sanger opens the first U.S. birth-control clinic in Brooklyn, N.Y. It is shut down 10 days later and Sanger is arrested, but she eventually wins support through the courts and opens another clinic in New York City in 1923.
  • Woman Suffrage Amendment Passes

    Woman Suffrage Amendment Passes
    The federal woman suffrage amendment, written by Susan B. Anthonyand introduced in Congress in 1878, is passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate. It's then sent to the states for ratification.
  • Women Recieve Right To Vote

    Women Recieve Right To Vote
    The 19th Amendment, granting women the right to vote, is signed into law by Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby.
  • First Equal Rights Amendment

    First Equal Rights Amendment
    Alice Paul and the National Women's Party proposes the Equal Rights Amendment to eliminate discrimination on the basis of gender. It was never ratified.
  • Amelia Earhart

    Amelia Earhart
    Amelia Earhart makes her first trans-Atlantic flight, but never returns.
  • Florence Ellinwood Allen

    Florence Ellinwood Allen
    Florence Ellinwood Allen becomes first woman on US Court of Appeals
  • The Daughters of Bilitis

    The Daughters of Bilitis
    The Daughters of Bilitis (DOB), is founded as the first lesbian organization in the United States. Though it originated as a social group, it later developed into a political organization to win basic acceptance for lesbians in America.
  • President Kennedy appoints Eleanor Roosevelt

    President Kennedy appoints Eleanor Roosevelt
    President John Kennedy establishes the President's Commission on the Status of Women and appoints Eleanor Roosevelt as chairwoman.
  • Equal Pay Act

    Equal Pay Act
    Congress passes the Equal Pay Act, which makes it illegal for employers to pay a woman less than a man for the same job.
  • Equal Employemnt Oppurtunity Commission

    Equal Employemnt Oppurtunity Commission
    Title VII of the Civil Rights Act bans discrimination of race and gender in employment. It also establishes the Equal Employment Oppurtunity Commission (EEOC) to investigate complaints and impose penalties.
  • National Organization for Women

    National Organization for Women
    The National Organization for Women (NOW) is founded by Betty Friedan. It is the largest women's rights group in the U.S, and sought out to end sexual discrimination, especially in the workplace.
  • Executive Order 11375

    Executive Order 11375
    President Lyndon Johnson's affirmative action policy is expanded with Executive Order 11375. This helped to end discrimination based on gender . Federal agencies and contractors now had to take measures to ensure that women and minorities have the same educational and employment opportunities as white males.
  • EEOC Supreme Court Ruling

    EEOC Supreme Court Ruling
    The EEOC rules that sex-segregated help wanted ads in newspapers are illegal. This paves the way for women to apply for higher-paying jobs that were open only to men.
  • "No Fault" Divorce Law

    "No Fault" Divorce Law
    California is the first state to adopt a "no fault" divorce law, which allows couples to divorce by mutual consent. By 1985 every state adopted a similar law. Laws are also passed regarding the equal division of property.
  • Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Co.

    Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Co.
    In the case Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Co., the U.S. Court of Appeals rules that jobs held by men and women need to be substantially equal but not "identical" to fall under the Equal Pay Act. For example, an employer can't change the job titles of women workers in order to pay them less than men.
  • Equal Rights Amendment

    Equal Rights Amendment
    The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is passed by Congress and goes through ratification. The amendment died in 1982 after it failed to be ratified.
  • Education Amendments

    Education Amendments
    Title IX of the Education Amendments bans sex discrimination in schools. As a result, the enrollment of women in athletics and professional schools increases dramatically.
  • Abortion Becomes Legal

    Abortion Becomes Legal
    The Supreme Court establishes a woman's right to safe and legal abortion, as a result of Roe v. Wade. This overrides the anti-abortion laws of many states
  • Equal Credit Opportunity Act

    Equal Credit Opportunity Act
    The Equal Credit Opportunity Act prohibits discrimination in consumer credit practices based on gender, race, marital status, religion, national origin, age, or receipt of public assistance.
  • Martial Rape Law

    Martial Rape Law
    The first marital rape law is established in Nebraska, which makes it illegal for a husband to rape his wife.
  • Women's Equality Day March

    Women's Equality Day March
    3,000 women march in Washington, D.C. on Women's Equality Day to support the E.R.A.
  • Pregnancy Discrimination Act

    Pregnancy Discrimination Act
    The Pregnancy Discrimination Act bans employment discrimination against pregnant women. With this law, a woman can't be fired, denied a job, or promotion because she is or may become pregnant. A woman can't be forced to take a pregnancy leave if she is willing and able to work, as well.
  • Sandra Day O'Connor

    Sandra Day O'Connor
    Sandra Day O'Connor becomes first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
  • EMILY'S List

    EMILY'S List
    EMILY's List (Early Money Is Like Yeast) is established as a financial network for pro-choice Democratic women running for political office. It makes an important impact on the increase of women elected to Congress.
  • Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson

    the Supreme Court rules that sexual harassment is a form of illegal job discrimination in the case Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson.
  • Planned Parenthood v. Casey

    Planned Parenthood v. Casey
    In the case Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the Supreme Court reaffirms a woman's right to abortion under Roe v. Wade. This successfully challenges Pennsylvania's Abortion Control Act, which sought to reinstate restrictions that were ruled unconstitutional
  • Violence Against Women Act

    Violence Against Women Act
    The Violence Against Women Act tightens the penalties for sex offenders, funds services for rape and domestic violence victims, and provides special training of police officers.
  • United States v. Virginia

    United States v. Virginia
    In the case United States v. Virginia, the Supreme Court rules that the Virginia Military School, an all-male school, has to admit women in order to continue receiving public funding.
  • Madeleine K. Albright

    Madeleine K. Albright
    Madeleine K. Albright becomes first woman U.S. Secretary of State.
  • Kolstad v. American Dental Association

    Kolstad v. American Dental Association
    In the case Kolstad v. American Dental Association, the Supreme Court rules that a woman can sue for punitive damages for sex discrimination if the anti-discrimination law was violated.
  • Hillary Clinton elected to Senate

    Hillary Clinton elected to Senate
    Hillary Rodham Clinton becomes the only First Lady ever elected to the United States Senate.
  • Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs

    Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs
    In the case Nevada Department of Human Resources v. Hibbs, the Supreme Court rules that states can be sued in federal court for violating the Family Leave Medical Act.
  • Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education

    Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education
    In the case Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education, the Supreme Court rules that Title IX also prohibits disciplining someone for complaining about sex-based discrimination.
  • Condoleezza Rice becomes Secretary of State

    Condoleezza Rice becomes Secretary of State
    Condoleezza Rice becomes the first African-American woman to be appointed Secretary of State.
  • Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act

    Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act
    President Obama signed the Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act, which allows pay discrimination victims to file a complaint with the government against their employer within 180 days of their last paycheck.