evaluate the positive and negative of each Gandhi resistance movement

  • Gandhi start his movement(J)

    Gandhi start his movement(J)
    Due to racial discrimination faced by Indians in south Africa, he organised his first civil disobedience campaign, this lead to many Indians to start supporting him, and his civil disobedience movement actually was working, but this was the first step which would lead to many British(colonies and even some Indias) to hate him.
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    Gandhi fight for equal rights in africa(B)

    after starting his movement in 1906, Gandhi would spend 9 years in South Africa fighting getting their right for being hindu back , he here perfected his non-violence movement and he went with non-cooperation campaigns, here he would eventually after many years, he would force the south African gov to give back their rights, in India he had growing support and was welcomed a hero for his actions and towards the British gov saw this a an annoying inconvenience, but they kept an eye on Gandhi.
  • Gandhi returns to india.(J)

    Gandhi returns to india.(J)
    Gandhi returns to India by that he see the unfair rule of the British and wished to change it. his actions on South African were not forgotten by both Indians, as he already had some support and was regarded as a hero by many, but the British did not forgot what he had done and were already keen to watch him.
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    Gandhi start to lead his non-violence movmement(B)

    During this time, Gandhi start laying the foundations of his movement, he start teaching much about non-cooperation tactics which see some success and the British start showing animosity towards him and try to arrest multiple times, but they fail. Gandhi earns much support of Indians but starts to alienate muslims as his movement is mixing Indian nationalism and Hinduism.
  • Gandhi declares the independence of India(J)

    Gandhi declares the independence of India(J)
    In this period Gandhi declares officialy that his intensions are to make a independent India, this leads to gain support from many Indians, but creates even more animosity from the government.
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    Gandhi leads the salt march.(B)

    due to the tax law on salt, Gandhi leads a protest against British, so he gather a march to harvest salt from the sea, this lead to him being arrested due to but, all over India, Indians take to the streets to support him, be it hindu or muslims, until Gandhi is allowed free and the British government relax the tax law. the affects were that the British government seen Gandhi as a threat, while Gandhi's popularity did rise with both muslims and hindus was there, it would not last.
  • the Round table meeting.(J)

    the Round table meeting.(J)
    Gandhi and a few other representatives of India meet member of congress of London. It was to talk about India independence, it did not work well. Both side could not agree with each other, thus this created even more animosity from the government toward the movement and Gandhi
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    Gandhi get arrested(J)

    After his return to India he is arrested a he is seen as a threat by the British government, during his prison his fasts to protest against the treatment of the untouchables, he is later released due to health conditions. His meeting in the round table made him a threat toward the British government and thus they wanted him arrested, but his recent move against the caste system earned support from more moderate hindus, but started to get the anger of more conservative ones.
  • the first step towards independence(Indian act)(B)

    the first step towards independence(Indian act)(B)
    due Gandhi actions, much of India wanted self rule, so in 1935 the British parliament pass the Indian act this would give Indian self rule, a type of parliament, their own federal organisation and their own federal reserve. this was seen an victory for Gandhi and his popularity grew, while by many people in parlement it was seen as a form of defeat.
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    the start of WW2 makes much of an impact of the British opinion on Gandhi, as by that Britain was harsher on India as they did not want any type of dissent on their colonies, this would lead to even more anger from the British government towards Gandhi.
  • the India quit movement(why many do not see Gandhi as a hero)(J)

    the India quit movement(why many do not see Gandhi as a hero)(J)
    As WW2 starts to get worst and worst for the allies, Britain called many of it colonies and India said it would not fight this war unless it got independence from Britain, Britain refuses and arrests many congress man, but during the war Gandhi started his India quit movement, which is India leaving the war, for many it was seen as treason leaving a war which would dictate a future of the world and for many soldier fighting to keep India safe from japan, it felt like an insult(some were Indian)
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    Gandhi in prison and Muslim and hindu civil unrest(J)

    after the India quit movement Gandhi would be in prison for 2 years, during those two years flaws in the foundation of the movement began to show, Hindus and Muslims were started to fight one another as by that movement was more hindu in nature, thus the British saw some allies and helped the muslims, this lead to hindus seeing this a treason and started to hate the muslims, this would lead to many tension that are till this day.
  • Gandhi meet Muhammad Ali Jinnah(B)

    Gandhi meet Muhammad Ali Jinnah(B)
    after Gandhi is let out of prison his noticed the ever growing divide of muslims and hindus, he meet with Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the leader of the all muslim league and try to work it out, but due to how deep the hate has grown between both side at this point both side can not come to an agreement, this would have terrible consequences down the line.(despite this disagreement, most acounts say they had great respect to one another)
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    independence of India and Pakistan(J)

    after ww2 progress has been made to make India independent, as many proposals were made, but many were rejected by large parts of the population(muslims) and the muslims league(Muhammad Ali Jinnah) after only the creation of Pakistan it was good, but after Britain leaves there is anarchy and much killing for six months until the border is properly defied, during this time both hindus and muslims kill many in both side and create much tension in the area.
  • the death of Gandhi(B)

    the death of Gandhi(B)
    after the India independence there was a question on where the new nation would go. but as many reforms were moderate(seperating government and religion)and angered many extreme hindu factions, and many blamed Gandhi and thus an hindu nationalist killed Gandhi . The after math would be tension inside the nation as moderate and extreme would clash.
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    Gandhi legacy(J)

    after his death there was many thing which would happen, one of the things that would happen is that there would be many war between India(hinduism) and Pakistan(muslim) for land and the much tension created during Gandhi's time, in India there was many civil unrest between moderate and extreme hindus. it would depend on who you ask who was Gandhi some say he was a freedom fighter, other would say he is a terrorist, but we all agree he had a mixed legacy.