US History Timeline

By pahedde
  • Delaware's Admission to Union

  • Pennsylvania's Admission to Union

  • New Jersey's Admission to Union

  • Georgia's Admission to Union

  • Connecticut's Admission to Union

  • Massachusetts's Admission to Union

  • Maryland's Admission to Union

  • South Carolina's Admission to Union

  • New Hampshire's Admission to Union

  • Virginia's Admission to Union

  • New York's Admission to Union

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    George Washington's Presidency

    George Washington is Elected as the United States First President. One of his greatest accomplishments was being re-elected for president.
  • U.S. Army Is Established

  • North Carolina's Admission to Union

  • Rhode Island's Admission to Union

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    The Whiskey Rebellion

    A protest against the first tax on a domestic product by the newly formed government.
  • Vermont's Admission to Union

  • Kentucky's Admission to Union

  • George Washington Is Re-elected As President

  • Tennessee's Admission to Union

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    John Adam's Presidency

    During the Revolutionary War he served in France and Holland in diplomatic roles, and helped negotiate the treaty of peace. From 1785 to 1788 he was minister to the Court of St. James's, returning to be elected Vice President under George Washington.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts.

    Four bills signed into law by John Adams in 1798. Naturalization Act- increased residency requirement from 5 to 14 years. Alien Friends Act- allowed the president to imprison aliens considered dangerous. Alien Enemies Act- authorized the president to do the same as the Alien Friends Act to any male of a hostile party above the age of 14. Sedition Act- restricted speech.
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    John Brown and The Armed Resistance

    John Brown (May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) was a white American abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States. During the 1856 conflict in Kansas, Brown commanded forces at the Battle of Black Jack and the Battle of Osawatomie.Brown's followers also killed five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie. In 1859, Brown led an unsuccessful raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry that ended with his capture and death by hang
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    Chief or Justice John Marshall

    John Marshall was the 4th chief of justice of the Supreme Court, his opinions helped lay basis for the United Sates constitutional law. He was also part of the Marbury vs? Madison case when he was Secretary of State because he failed to deliver Marbury's commission as chief of justice.
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    Thomas Jefferson's Presidency

    Thomas Jefferson, a spokesman for democracy, was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1801–1809). When Jefferson assumed the Presidency, the crisis in France had passed. He slashed Army and Navy expenditures, cut the budget, eliminated the tax on whiskey so unpopular in the West, yet reduced the national debt by a third. He also sent a naval squadron to fight the Barbary pirates, who were harass
  • Marbury vs. Madison

    This was a US Supreme Court case that helped define the constitutionally separate executive and judicial branches. This case was a result of a petition by William Marbury who was commissioned as Justice of Peace by John Adams in his last days of presidency. He demanded that the Supreme Court for the Secretary of State (James Madison) to commission them, but the petition was denied because it was proved unconstitutional.
  • Ohio's Admission to Union

  • Louisiana Purchase

    This's was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory (828,000 square miles) by the United States from France in 1803. The U.S. paid fifty million francs ($11,250,000 USD) and a cancellation of debts worth eighteen million francs ($3,750,000 USD) for a total of sixty-eight million francs ($15,000,000 USD) which averages to approximately four cents per acre.
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    Lewis and Clark

    First American expedition to cross what is now the western portion of the United States, from near St. Louis on the Mississippi River, making their way west through the divide to the Pacific coast. The primary objective was to explore and map the new territory, find a practical route across the Western half , and establish an American presence. A select group of U.S. Army volunteers under the command of Captain Meriwether Lewis and his close friend Second Lieutenant William Clark.
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    William Lloyd Garrison

    William Lloyd Garrison was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, suffragist, and social reformer. He is best known as the editor of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, which he founded in 1831 and published in Massachusetts until slavery was abolished by Constitutional amendment after the American Civil War. He was one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society. He promoted "immediate emancipation" of slaves in the United States.
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    James Madison's Presidency

    James Madison, America's fourth President (1809-1817), made a major contribution to the ratification of the Constitution by writing The Federalist Papers, along with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. In later years, when he was referred to as the "Father of the Constitution." During the first year of Madison's Administration, the United States prohibited trade with both Britain and France; then in May, 1810, Congress authorized trade with both, directing the President, if either would accept Amer
  • Louisiana's Admission to Union

  • War of 1812

    The War of 1812 was a military conflict, lasting for two-and-a-half years, between the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, its North American colonies and its American Indian allies. The United States declared war on June 18, 1812 for several reasons, including trade restrictions brought about by the British war with France, the impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy, British support of Indian tribes against American expansion.
  • Indiana's Admission to Union

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    James Monroe's Presidency

    James Monroe was the fifth President of the United States (1817–1825) and the last president from the Founding Fathers of the United States. His ambition and energy, together with the backing of President Madison, made him the Republican choice for the Presidency in 1816. With little Federalist opposition, he easily won re-election in 1820.
  • Mississippi's Admission to Union

  • Illinois's Admission to Union

  • Transcontitnental Treaty

    The Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819,[1] also known as the Transcontinental Treaty or the Purchase of Florida,[2] or the Florida Treaty,[3] was a treaty between the United States and Spain in 1819 that gave Florida to the U.S. and set out a boundary between the U.S. and New Spain (now Mexico). It settled a standing border dispute between the two countries and was considered a triumph of American diplomacy. It came in the midst of increasing tensions related to Spain's territorial boundaries in North Am
  • Dartmouth College vs. Woodward

    In 1816, the New Hampshire legislature attempted to change Dartmouth College-- a privately funded institution--into a state university. The legislature changed the school's corporate charter by transferring the control of trustee appointments to the governor. The old trustees filed suit against William H. Woodward. In a 6-to-1 decision, the Court held that the College's corporate charter qualified as a contract between private parties, with which the legislature could not interfere.
  • McCullouch vs. Maryland

    In 1816, Congress chartered The Second Bank of the United States. In 1818, the state of Maryland passed legislation to impose taxes on the bank. James W. McCulloch, the cashier of the Baltimore branch of the bank, refused to pay the tax. In a unanimous decision, the Court held that Congress had the power to incorporate the bank and that Maryland could not tax instruments of the national government employed in the execution of constitutional powers.
  • Seneca Falls Convection

    The Seneca Falls Convention was the first women's rights convention. The meeting had six sessions, included a lecture on law, a humorous presentation, and multiple discussions about the role of women in society. Stanton and the Quaker women presented two prepared documents, the Declaration of Sentiments and an accompanying list of resolutions, to be debated and modified before being put forward for signatures.
  • Alabama's Admission to Union

  • Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise was a federal statute in the United States that regulated slavery in the country's western territories. The compromise, devised by Henry Clay, was agreed to by the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress and passed as a law in 1820.
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    Abolitionist Movement

    The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation. Advocating for immediate emancipation distinguished abolitionists from more moderate anti-slavery advocates who argued for gradual emancipation, and from free-soil activists who sought to restrict slavery to existing areas and prevent its spread further west. Radical abolitionism was partly fueled by the religious fervor of the Second Great Awakening.
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    Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

    Harriet Tubman was a runaway slave from Maryland who became known as the "Moses of her people." Over the course of 10 years, and at great personal risk, she led hundreds of slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad, a secret network of safe houses where runaway slaves could stay on their journey north to freedom. She later became a leader in the abolitionist movement, and during the Civil War she was a spy with for the federal forces in South Carolina as well as a nurse.
  • Maine's Admission to Union

  • Missouri's Admission to Union

  • Monroe Doctrine

    President James Monroe’s 1823 annual message to Congress contained the Monroe Doctrine, which warned European powers not to interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere. It was an articulated message saying that, according to Monroe, the European powers were obligated to respect the Western Hemisphere as the United States' sphere of interest. The doctrine warns European nations that the United States would not tolerate further colonization or puppet monarchs.
  • Gibbons vs. Ogden

    A New York state law gave people the right to operate steamboats on waters within state jurisdiction. Laws like this one were duplicated other places which led to problems as some states would make foreign boats to pay fees for navigation. The unanimous Court found that New York's licensing requirement for out-of-state operators was inconsistent with a congressional act regulating the coasting trade. Thomas Gibbons -- a steamboat owner.
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    John Quincy's Presidency

    John Quincy Adams, son of John and Abigail Adams, served as the sixth President of the United States from 1825 to 1829. A member of multiple political parties over the years, he also served as a diplomat, a Senator and member of the House of Representatives. Upon becoming President, Adams appointed Clay as Secretary of State. Jackson and his angry followers charged that a "corrupt bargain" had taken place and immediately began their campaign to wrest the Presidency from Adams in 1828.
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    Andrew Jackson's Presidency

    Andrew Jackson was the 7th President of the United States from 1829-1837, seeking to act as the direct representative of the common man. In 1824 some state political factions rallied around Jackson; by 1828 enough had joined "Old Hickory" to win numerous state elections and control of the Federal administration in Washington. In his first Annual Message to Congress, Jackson recommended eliminating the Electoral College.
  • Trail Of Tears

    In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy, The Trail of Tears commonly refers to a series of forced relocations of Native American nations in the United States following the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The removal included members of the Cherokee, Muscogee, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, who chose not to assimilate with American society, from their ancestral homelands in the southeastern U.S. to an area west of the Mississippi River that had been designated a
  • Nat Turner's Rebellion

    Nat Turner's Rebellion (also known as the Southampton Insurrection) was a slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia, during August 1831. Led by Nat Turner, rebel slaves killed anywhere from 55 to 65 people, the highest number of fatalities caused by any slave uprising in the American South.
  • Arkansas's Admission to Union

  • Michigan's Admission to Union

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    Martin VanBuren's Presidency

    Martin Van Buren was the eighth President of the United States (1837–1841), after serving as the eighth Vice President and the tenth secretary of state, both under Andrew Jackson. While the country was prosperous when the "Little Magician" was elected. In 1837 the panic began. Hundreds of banks and businesses failed. Thousands lost their lands. For about five years the United States was wracked by the worst depression thus far in its history.
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    Horace Mann's Campaign For Free Compulsary Public Education

    Horace Mann lead the Board of Education using six principles he established for public education:
    1. The public should no longer remain ignorant;
    2. That such education should be paid for controlled
    and sustained by an interested public;
    3. That this education will be best provided in
    schools that embrace children from a variety of
    4. That this education must be non-sectarian;
    5. That this education must be taught by the spirit,
    methods and discipline of a free society;
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    William Henry Harrison's Presidency

    William Henry Harrison, an American military officer and politician, was the ninth President of the United States (1841), the oldest president to be elected at the time. He became the first to die in office on his 32nd day, serving the shortest tenure in United States presidential history. But before he had been in office a month, he caught a cold that developed into pneumonia. On April 4, 1841, he died -- the first President to die in office -- and with him died the Whig program.
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    John Tyler's Presidency

    John Tyler became the tenth President of the United States (1841–1845) when William Henry Harrison, his running mate, died in April 1841. He was the first Vice President elevated to President after the death of a predecessor. Despite their differences, President Tyler and the Whig Congress enacted much positive legislation. The "Log-Cabin" bill enabled a settler to claim 160 acres of land before it was offered publicly for sale, and later pay $1.25 an acre for it.
  • Florida's Admission to Union

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    James K. Polk's Presidency

    Often referred to as the first "dark horse," James Knox Polk was the 11th President of the United States from 1845-1849, the last strong President until the Civil War. President Polk added a vast area to the United States, but its acquisition precipitated a bitter quarrel between the North and the South over expansion of slavery.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast. This attitude helped fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico. The phrase was first employed by John L. O’Sullivan in an article on the annexation of Texas published in the July-August 1845 edition of the United States Magazine and Democratic Review, which he edited.
  • Texas's Admission to Union

  • Mexican-American War

    The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War, the U.S.–Mexican War or the Invasion of Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States and the Centralist Republic of Mexico (which became the Second Federal Republic of Mexico during the war) from 1846 to 1848. It followed in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory, despite the 1836 Texas Revolution. It was the fourth of the five major wars fought on American soil which was pre
  • Iowa's Admission to Union

  • Wisconsin's Admission to Union

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    Zachary Taylor's Presidency

    Zachary Taylor, a general and national hero in the United States Army from the time of the Mexican-American War and the the War of 1812, was later elected the 12th President of the United States, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850. "Old Rough and Ready's" homespun ways were political assets. His long military record would appeal to northerners; his ownership of 100 slaves would lure southern votes. He had not committed himself on troublesome issues.
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    Millard Fillmore's Presidency

    Millard Fillmore, a member of the Whig party, was the 13th President of the United States (1850–1853) and the last president not to be affiliated with either the Democratic or Republican parties. In 1848, while Comptroller of New York, he was elected Vice President. Thus the sudden accession of Fillmore to the Presidency in July 1850 brought an abrupt political shift in the administration. Taylor's Cabinet resigned and President Fillmore at once appointed Daniel Webster to be Secretary of State
  • California's Admission to Union

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    Franklin Pierce's Presidency

    Franklin Pierce became President at a time of apparent tranquility. The United States, by virtue of the Compromise of 1850, seemed to have weathered its sectional storm. By pursuing the recommendations of southern advisers, Pierce--a New Englander--hoped to prevent still another outbreak of that storm. But his policies, far from preserving calm, hastened the disruption of the Union. Probably because the Democrats stood more firmly for the Compromise than the Whigs, he won narrowly.
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    James Buchanan's Presidency

    James Buchanan, Jr., the 15th President of the United States (1857–1861), served immediately prior to the American Civil War. He remains the only president to be elected from Pennsylvania and to remain a lifelong bachelor. As President-elect, Buchanan thought the crisis would disappear if he maintained a sectional balance in his appointments and could persuade the people to accept constitutional law as the Supreme Court interpreted it.The Court was considering the legality of restricting slavery
  • Dred Scott vs. Sandford

    Dred Scott was a slave from 1833-1843. He lived in Illinois and returned to Missouri and tried to sue the state for his freedom. Dred Scott never won, and was a slave.
  • Minnesota's Admission to Union

  • Oregon's Admission to Union

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    Abraham Lincoln's Presidency

    Abraham Lincoln became the United States' 16th President in 1861, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy in 1863. He lost the election, but in debating with Douglas he gained a national reputation that won him the Republican nomination for President in 1860.As President, he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization. On January 1, 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free slaves.
  • Sojourner Truth

    Sojourner Truth was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, Ulster County, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. After going to court to recover her son, she became the first black woman to win such a case against a white man. Sojourner Truth was named Isabella Baumfree when she was born. She gave herself the name Sojourner Truth in 1843.Truth helped recruit black troops for the Union Army.
  • Frederick Douglass

    Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, was an African-American social reformer, orator, writer, and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining note for his dazzling oratory and incisive antislavery writing. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders' arguments that slaves lacked the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. Many Northerners found it hard to believe that such a great orator had been a slave.
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    She was an American social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement. Her Declaration of Sentiments, presented at the Seneca Falls Convention held in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, is often credited with initiating the first organized women's rights and women's suffrage movements in the United States.
  • Susan B. Taylor

    Susan Brownell Anthony was an American social reformer and feminist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. In 1851, she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, they founded the Women's Loyal National League, the American Equal Rights Association, and the National Woman Suffrage Association
  • Washington's Farewell Address

    This was a letter to the people of the United States written by George Washington with the assistance of James Madison in 1792. It was later published on September 19th, 1796 as George's way to decline presidency after his 20 years of service to the new union, and exhaustion due to age.