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us government timeline gc

  • 1215

    magna carta

    magna carta
    It sought to prevent the king from exploiting his power, and placed limits of royal authority by establishing law as a power in itself.
  • Jamestown’s House of Burgesses

    Jamestown’s House of Burgesses
    rights for englishmen
  • petition of right

    petition of right
    Required monarchs to obtain Parliamentary approval before new taxes. Government could not unlawfully imprison people or establish military rule during times of peace
  • civil war in 1642

     civil war in 1642
    Extended conflict between Charles and Parliament
    Charles defeated, beheaded
  • english bill of rights

    english bill of rights
    Guaranteed free speech and protection from cruel and unusual punishment
  • stamp act

    stamp act
    first direct tax on paper goods and leagal documents
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British soldiers fired into crowd
    5 colonists died
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Revolutionaries dumped British Tea into the harbor
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    Colonists were forced to “Quarter,” or house, British troops
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    First National Government
    Delegates aimed to have a confederation in which colonies kept their “sovereignty, freedom, and independence.”
    Ratification delayed by argument over who would control western lands
  • Shay’s Rebellion

    Shay’s Rebellion
    Massachusetts farmers rebelled over prospect of losing land
    Farmers attacked courthouses to keep judges from foreclosing on farms
    Stormed military arsenal
  • Northwest Ordinance

    Northwest Ordinance
    Established a plan for settling the Northwest Territory
    Included disputed lands
    Created system for admitting states to the Union
    Banned slavery in the territory
    Guided nation’s western expansio
  • The Constitutional Convention

    The Constitutional Convention
    Drafting a New Constitution Framers-Delegates to the Constitutional Convention
    James Madison-Father of the Constitution
  • Federalist paper Gazette of the United States published

     Federalist paper Gazette of the United States published
    early newspaper
  • Judiciary Act

    Judiciary Act
    Established a Three-tiered Judicial Structure
  • Whigs countered with National Gazette.​

     Whigs countered with National Gazette.​
  • 1st amendment

    1st amendment
    Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
  • 2nd admenment

    2nd admenment
    A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
  • 3rd amendment

    3rd amendment
    No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
  • 4th admenment

    4th admenment
    The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized
  • 5th amendment

    5th amendment
    No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself,
  • 6th admedment

    6th admedment
    In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him
  • 7th amendment

    7th amendment
    n Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
  • 8th amendment

    8th amendment
    Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
  • 9th amendment

    9th amendment
    The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
  • 10th amendment

    10th amendment
    The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
  • mayberry v madison

    mayberry v madison
    power of judicial review
  • 12th amendment

    12th amendment
    allows the President to choose V.P. (
  • McCulloch v maryland

    McCulloch v maryland
    power to tax is the power to desroy
  • democratic- repulican parties split

    democratic- repulican parties split
    creating the two major groups we see today democrats and repulicans
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    Gibbons v. Ogden
    Right of a state legislature to award a monopoly to operate a steamship line between NY and NJ
    Court said only Congress has the right to regulate commerce between states
  • Seneca Falls Convention

    Seneca Falls Convention
    First national woman's rights convention in the US​
    Called for equal rights in voting, education, and property​
  • dred scott v stanford

    dred scott v stanford
    Dred Scott​
    Slave who sued for his and his family's freedom after being taken to a free state​
    Court said that Scott, as an African-American and previously property, was not a citizen ​
    Gave him no legal standing to sue​
    Called the “greatest disaster” of the Supreme Court​
  • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882​

    Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882​
    Ended Chinese immigration to the US​
  • plessy v ferguson

    plessy v ferguson
    Ruled segregation was legal as long as the facilities were equal​
    “Separate but equal” doctrine​
  • 17th admenmant

    17th admenmant
    direct election of senators
  • Radio became the first form of electronic media​

    Radio became the first form of electronic media​
    changed the american media americans were able to turn on the radio and listen to whateveer was being brodcasted
  • 19th amendment

    19th amendment
    gave women right to vote
  • Period: to

    the new deal era

    The court saw Roosevelt's economic legislation as an assault on property rights​
    Ruled that some New Deal programs violated the Constitution​
    Roosevelt served 12 years as president (1933-1945) and packed the court with nominees that supported expansion of gov't. Power​
  • United States v. Miller

    United States v. Miller
    Ruled 2nd Amendment does not protect the right to have all types of weapons
  • Minersville School District v. Gobitis

    Minersville School District v. Gobitis
    The Supreme Court ruled that a child could be expelled for refusing to salute the American flag or recite the pledge (these actions violated the child’s religious beliefs)
  • united states v darby

    united states v darby
    Upheld Fair Labor Standards Act; Commerce Clause allows Congress to regulate employment conditions
  • Executive Order 9066 (1942)

    Executive Order 9066 (1942)
    FDR required all people of Japanese descent on the West Coast to report to "War Relocation Centers" (internment camps)​
    120,000 left their homes and businesses and 80,000 remained in camps until the war was over.​
  • West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette

    West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette
    The court reversed itself and decided unity was not a sufficient reason to overrule religious beliefs.
  • Korematsu v. the United States (1944)​

    Korematsu v. the United States (1944)​
    Upheld involuntary internment of ethnically Japanese American citizens​
  • National Security Council:

    National Security Council:
    Coordinates national security policy
    Brings together the top military, foreign affairs, and intelligence officials in the administration
  • Television replaced radio as most influential electronic media​

    Television replaced radio as most influential electronic media​
    americans were now able to watch from home instead of just listening
  • brown v board

    brown v board
    Ruled segregation is illegal​
    "Separate is inherently unequal"​
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    Empowered the federal government to actively engage in voter registration in places where voting discrimination had been found​
  • Edwards v. South Carolina

    Edwards v. South Carolina
    187 African-American students gathered at the state capitol to protest racial injustice
    Students did not end the protest when police told them to and were arrested.
    Court said the state had no authority to disperse the students, as they were protesting legally
  • civil rights act

    civil rights act
    Outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act

    Age Discrimination in Employment Act
    Protects applicants and employees of 40+ years old from discrimination based on age in hiring, promotion, discharge, compensation, privileges, etc. of employment.
  • War Powers Resolution

    War Powers Resolution
    President must consult with Congress before sending troops
    Congress can force the president to end use of military with a concurrent resolution
  • Harlow v. Fitzgerald

    Harlow v. Fitzgerald
    Established the rationale for qualified immunity
  • Tennessee v. Garner

    Tennessee v. Garner
    Limited police use of lethal force
  • Graham v. Connor (1989)

    Graham v. Connor (1989)
    Juries must consider if the officer believed force was reasonable
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    Prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public
  • D.C. v. Heller

    D.C. v. Heller
    Ruled 2nd Amendment right to bear arms includes the right to self defense
  • McDonald v. Chicago (2010)

    McDonald v. Chicago (2010)
    Ruled 2nd Amendment applies to federal, state, and local governments; upheld 2nd Amendment
  • Trump v. Hawaii

    Trump v. Hawaii
    Court ruled a ban on immigration from majority-Muslim countries did not violate the Establishment Clause ​