Civil Rights

  • Amendment, 14th

    Amendment, 14th
    was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the reconstruction amendment
  • Amendment, 15th

    Amendment, 15th
    prohibits each government in the United States from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude" (for example, slavery). It was ratified on February 3, 1870.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a "separate but equal" status for African Americans.
  • Plessey v. Ferguson

     Plessey v. Ferguson
    Plessy attempted to sit in an all-white railroad car. After refusing to sit in the black railway carriage car, Plessy was arrested for violating an 1890 Louisiana statute that provided for segregated “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. Those using facilities not designated for their race were criminally liable under the statute.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice.
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson

    Lyndon Baines Johnson
    often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States (1961–1963)
  • Orval Faubus

    was the 36th Governor of Arkansas, serving from 1955 to 1967. He is best known for his 1957 stand against the desegregation of the Little Rock School District during the Little Rock Crisis, in which he defied a unanimous decision of the United States Supreme Court by ordering the Arkansas National Guard to stop African-American students from attending Little Rock Central High School. Despite his initial staunch segregationist stances, Faubus moderated his positions later in life.
  • , Rosa Parks

    , Rosa Parks
    was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
  • Hector P. Garcia

    was a Mexican-American physician, surgeon, World War II veteran, civil rights advocate, and founder of the American G.I. Forum.[
  • George Wallace

    George Wallace
    was an American politician and the 45th governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987.
  • Amendment, 19th

    Amendment, 19th
    prohibits any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex. It was ratified on August 18, 1920
  • Cesar Chavez

    Cesar Chavez
    as an American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist, who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association
  • Martin Luther King, J

    Martin Luther King, J
    was an American clergyman, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience.
  • American Indian Movement (AIM)

    In the 30 years of its formal history, the American Indian Movement (AIM) has given witness to a great many changes. We say formal history, because the movement existed for 500 years without a name. The leaders and members of today's AIM never fail to remember all of those who have traveled on before, having given their talent and their lives for the survival of the people.
  • Dolores Huerta

    Dolores Huerta
    s a labor leader and civil rights activist who, along with César Chávez, co-founded the National Farmworkers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers
  • Barbra Jordan

    Barbra Jordan
    was an American politician and a leader of the Civil Rights movement. She was the first African American elected to the Texas Senate after Reconstruction and the first southern black female elected to the United States House of Representatives
  • Delgado v. Bastrop ISD

    Until the late 1940s the public education system in Texas for Mexican Americans offered segregated campuses with often minimal facilities and a curriculum frequently limited to vocational training.
  • Mendez v. Westminster

    Mendez v. Westminster
    in SEPTEMBER 1943, Sylvia Mendez, then 9 years old, and her two brothers went with their aunt and three cousins to enroll at the 17th Street School in Westminster.School officials, however, told her aunt that her children, who were half-Mexican but had light skin and a French surname, could register at the "white" elementary school,but the Mendez kids, who were dark skinned and had a Mexican last name, were not allowed; they had to enroll at the "Mexican" school 10 blocks away.
  • Hernandez v. Texas

    Hernandez v. Texas
    The first and only Mexican-American civil-rights case heard and decided by the United States Supreme Court during the post-World War II period was Hernández v. the State of Texas. In 1950 Pete Hernández, a migrant cotton picker, was accused of murdering Joe Espinosa in Edna, Texas, a small town in Jackson County
  • Sweet v. Painter

    Sweet v. Painter
    Racial separation by force of law was a historic custom in the United States until the decision of Sweatt v. Painter by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1950
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
    was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional
  • Sonia Sotomayor

    Sonia Sotomayor
    born June 25, 1954) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving since August 2009. Sotomayor is the Court's 111th justice, its first Hispanic justice, and its third female justice.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    a seminal event in the U.S. civil rights movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
  • Civil Rights Act 1957

    Civil Rights Act 1957
    On September 9, 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1957. Originally proposed by Attorney General Herbert Brownell, the Act marked the first occasion since Reconstruction that the federal government undertook significant legislative action to protect civil rights
  • Great Society

    was a set of domestic programs in the United States announced by President Lyndon B. Johnson at Ohio University and subsequently promoted by him and fellow Democrats in Congress in the 1960s.
  • Civil Rights Movement

    during the 1960s to help african americans and hispanics
  • National Organization for Women (NOW), Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC

    National Organization for Women (NOW), Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC
    s an African-American civil rights organization. SCLC was closely associated with its first president, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The SCLC had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.
  • Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC

    was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s. It emerged from a series of student meetings led by Ella Baker held at Shaw University in April 1960
  • ), United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)

    ), United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)
    is a labor union created from the merging of two groups, the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) led by Filipino organizer Larry Itliong, and the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) led by César Chávez.
  • League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)

    was to help latinaamericans
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from 1933 to 1945 during her husband Franklin D. Roosevelt's four terms in office.
  • Betty Friedan (The Feminine Mystique),

    Betty Friedan (The Feminine Mystique),
    The Feminine Mystique is a nonfiction book by Betty Friedan, first published in 1963, which is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.[2]
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    as styled in a sound recording released after the event)[1][2] was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history [3] and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans. It took place in Washington, D.C. on Wednesday, August 28, 1963. Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered his historic "I Have a Dream" speech advocating racial harmony during the march.
  • Amendment, 24th

    Amendment, 24th
    prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax. The amendment was proposed by Congress to the states on August 27, 1962, and was ratified by the states on January 23, 1964
  • Civil Rights Act 1964, Title

    was a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women
  • Voting Rights Act 1965

  • Voting Rights act

    s a landmark piece of national legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    was an African-American revolutionary socialist organization active in the United States from 1966 until 1982. The Black Panther Party achieved national and international notoriety through its involvement in the Black Power movement and U.S. politics of the 1960s and 1970s
  • Edgewood ISD v. Kirby

    Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
    Demetrio Rodriguez and other parents of Mexican American students in the Edgewood Independent School District of San Antonio, Texas, filed a class action suit in U.S. District Court challenging Texas’ public school finance
  • Amendment, 26th

    Amendment, 26th
    The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
  • Tinker v. De Moines

    Tinker v. De Moines
    Petitioners, three public school pupils in Des Moines, Iowa, were suspended from school for wearing black armbands to protest the Government's policy in Vietnam. They sought nominal damages and an injunction against a regulation that the respondents had promulgated banning the wearing of armbands. Argued November 12, 1968 Decided February 24, 1969
  • La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)

    was an American political party centered on Chicano nationalism. During the 1970s the Party campaigned for better housing, work, and educational opportunities for Mexican-Americans.
  • Congress on Racial Equality (CORE)

    s a U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Membership in CORE is still stated to be open to "anyone who believes that 'all people are created equal' and are willing to work towards the ultimate goal of true equality throughout the world.”
  • Title IX

    is a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972, Public Law No. 92‑318, 86 Stat. 235 (June 23, 1972), codified at 20 U.S.C. sections 1681 through 1688, U.S. legislation also identified its principal author's name as the Patsy Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act. It states (in part) that
    No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving f
  • Amendment, 25th

    Amendment, 25th
    In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.
  • Amendment-

    Amendment-
    is a law written in the constitution
  • Federal Housing Authority

    FHA
  • Medicare

    Ment to help americans medical expensise
  • Affirmative

  • Social Security

    Was made during the baby boom era to help the elders
  • Upward Bound

    was ment to help outamerica in a positive way
  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

    A organization to help african americans
  • Militant Protests

    aggressive or vigorous, esp in the support of a cause a militant protest
  • , Non-Violent Protests

    A form of protest with no vilonce during the civile right movment