Unit 10

By jalonzo
  • Period: to

    Civil rights era timeline

  • 14 Admendment

    14 Admendment
    Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, and deals with post-Civil War issue
  • 15th admendment

    15th admendment
    Prohibits the denial of suffrage based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    (October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from 1933 to 1945 during her husband Franklin D. Roosevelt's four terms in office. President Harry S. Truman later nicknamed her the "First Lady of the World" in tribute to her human rights achievements.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Plessy (P) attempted to sit in an all-white railroad car. After refusing to sit in the black railway carriage car, Plessy was arrested for violating an 1890 Louisiana statute that provided for segregated “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. Those using facilities not designated for their race were criminally liable under the statute.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    (July 2, 1908 – January 24, 1993) was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice. President Johnson nominated him to the United States Supreme Court in 1967.
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson

    Lyndon Baines Johnson
    (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States (1961–1963). Johnson succeeded to the presidency following the assassination of John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963, completed Kennedy's term and was elected President in his own right.
  • National Association of the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

    National Association of the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
    an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909.
  • Orval faubus

    Orval faubus
    (January 7, 1910 – December 14, 1994)[1] was the 36th Governor of Arkansas, serving from 1955 to 1967. He is best known for his 1957 stand against the desegregation of the Little Rock School District during the Little Rock Crisis, in which he defied a unanimous decision of the United States Supreme Court by ordering the Arkansas National Guard to stop African-American students from attending Little Rock Central High School.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement". On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled.
  • Hector P. Garcia

     Hector P. Garcia
    (January 17, 1914-July 26, 1996) was a Mexican-American physician, surgeon, World War II veteran, civil rights advocate, and founder of the American G.I. Forum. As a result of the national prominence he earned through his work on behalf of Hispanic Americans, he was instrumental in the appointment of Mexican American and American G.I.
  • George Wallace

    George Wallace
    (August 25, 1919 – September 13, 1998), an American politician and the 45th governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987. earned the title "the most influential loser" in 20th-century U.S. politics, according to biographers Dan T. Carter[1] and Stephan Lesher.
  • 19th admendment

    19th admendment
    Establishes women's suffrage
  • Betty friedan

    Betty friedan
    (February 4, 1921 – February 4, 2006) an American writer, activist, and feminist. A leading figure in the Women's Movement in the United States, her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique is often credited with sparking the "second wave" of American feminism in the 20th century. the first president of the National Organization for Women,
  • Cesar Chavez

    Cesar Chavez
    (March 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993) an American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist, who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association. A Mexican American, Chavez became the best known Latino American civil rights activist, and was strongly promoted by the American labor movement, which was eager to enroll Hispanic members.
  • Martin Luther King

    Martin Luther King
    (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. King has become a national icon in the history of American progressivism.
  • League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)

    League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)
    1929 It is the oldest and most widely respected Hispanic civil rights organization in the United sates of America. LILAC was created at a time in our country’s history when Hispanics were denied basic civil and human rights, despite contributions to American Society.
  • Dolores Huerta

    Dolores Huerta
    (born April 10, 1930) is a labor leader and civil rights activist who, along with César Chávez, co-founded the National Farmworkers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers. As a role model to many in the Latin community, Huerta is the subject of many corridos (ballads) and murals.
  • Federal Housing Authority

    Federal Housing Authority
    a United States government agency created as part of the National Housing Act of 1934. It insured loans made by banks and other private lenders for home building and home buying. The goals of this organization are to improve housing standards and conditions, provide an adequate home financing system through insurance of mortgage loans, and to stabilize the mortgage market.
  • Barbara jordan

    Barbara jordan
    (February 21, 1936 – January 17, 1996) was an American politician and a leader of the Civil Rights movement. She was the first African American elected to the Texas Senate after Reconstruction and the first southern black female elected to the United States House of Representatives. She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, among numerous other honors.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans.
  • Congress on Racial Equality (CORE)

    Congress on Racial Equality (CORE)
    The Congress of Racial Equality or CORE is a U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Membership in CORE is still stated to be open to "anyone who believes that 'all people are created equal' and are willing to work towards the ultimate goal of true equality throughout the world.”
  • Mendez v. Westminster

    Mendez v. Westminster
    was a 1946 federal court case that challenged racial segregation in Orange County, California schools. In its ruling, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in an en banc decision, held that the segregation of Mexican and Mexican American students into separate "Mexican schools" was unconstitutional.
  • Sweatt v. Painter

    Sweatt v. Painter
    was a U.S. Supreme Court case that successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation established by the 1896 case Plessy v. Ferguson. The case was influential in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education four years later.
  • Sonia Sotomayor

    Sonia Sotomayor
    born June 25, 1954, is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving since August 2009. Sotomayor is the Court's 111th justice, its first Hispanic justice, and its third female justice. Sotomayor was born in The Bronx, New York City and is of Puerto Rican descent.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    This case is a consolidation of several different cases from Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Delaware. Several black children (through their legal representatives, Ps) sought admission to public schools that required or permitted segregation based on race. The plaintiffs alleged that segregation was unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a seminal event in the U.S. civil rights movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision tha
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

    Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
    January 1957 Established to coordinate the actions of southern protest groups. It was also lead by Martin Luther King Jr. and was an important part in the civil rights movement.
  • Civil Rights Act 1957

    Civil Rights Act 1957
    enacted September 9, 1957, primarily a voting rights bill, was the first civil rights legislation enacted by Congress in the United States since Reconstruction following the American Civil War.
  • Militant Protests

    Militant Protests
    Militant protest is forcful protest. fighting and killing is a big one. the black panthers were a big group that used the kind of protest, which also made progress.
  • Student Non-Violent Coordination Committee (SNCC)

    Student Non-Violent Coordination Committee (SNCC)
    April 1960 Martin Luther King Jr. and others had hoped that SNCC would serve as the youth wing of the southern Christian Leadership Conference.
  • Great Society

    Great Society
    was a set of domestic programs in the United States announced by President Lyndon B. Johnson at Ohio University and subsequently promoted by him and fellow Democrats in Congress in the 1960s. Two main goals of the Great Society social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    The Black Panther Party (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was an African-American revolutionary socialist organization active in the United States from 1966 until 1982. The Black Panther Party achieved national and international notoriety through its involvement in the Black Power movement and U.S. politics of the 1960s and 1970s.
  • 24th admendment

    24th admendment
    Prohibits the revocation of voting rights due to the non-payment of poll taxes
  • head start

    head start
    a program of the United States Department of Health and Human Services that provides comprehensive education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low-income children and their families. The program's services and resources are designed to foster stable family relationships, enhance children’s physical and emotional well-being, and establish an environment to develop strong cognitive skills.
  • Medicare

    Medicare
    a national social insurance program, administered by the U.S. federal government since 1965, that guarantees access to health insurance for Americans ages 65 and older and younger people with disabilities as well as people with end stage renal disease.
  • Upward Bound

    Upward Bound
    a federally funded educational program within the United States. The program is one of a cluster of programs referred to as TRIO, all of which owe their existence to the federal Higher Education Act of 1965. Upward Bound programs are implemented and monitored by the United States Department of Education.
  • Voting Rights Act 1965

    Voting Rights Act 1965
    a landmark piece of national legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    The Jim Crow laws were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a "separate but equal" status for African Americans.
  • National Organization for Women (NOW)

    National Organization for Women (NOW)
  • United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)

    United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)
    August 22, 1966 It has a special place in history of farm labor organizing. It was the only successful union ever established to defend the rights of those who grow ad harvest the crops.
  • 25th admendment

    25th admendment
    Codifies the Tyler Precedent; defines the process of presidential succession
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative Action
    refers to policies that take factors including "race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or national origin"[1] into consideration in order to benefit an underrepresented group "in areas of employment, education, and business".
  • American Indian Movement (AIM)

    American Indian Movement (AIM)
  • Tinker v. De Moines

    Tinker v. De Moines
    was a decision by the United States Supreme Court that defined the constitutional rights of students in U.S. public schools. The Tinker test is still used by courts today to determine whether a school's disciplinary actions violate students' First Amendment rights.
  • La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)

    La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)
    January 17, 1970 Was an American political part centered on Chicano Nationalism.
  • Non-Violent Protests

    Non-Violent Protests
    non violence protest was a huge part of the civil rights era. the civil rights era were mainly full of non violent protest as in boycoting and marching.
  • 26th admendment

    26th admendment
    Establishes the right to vote for those age 18 years or old
  • Title IX

    Title IX
    a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972, Public Law No. 92‑318, 86 Stat. 235 (June 23, 1972), codified at 20 U.S.C. sections 1681 through 1688, U.S. legislation also identified its principal author's name as the Patsy Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act.
  • Social Security

    Social Security
    a concept enshrined in Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states that Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
  • Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Movement
    a worldwide political movement for equality before the law occurring between approximately 1950 and 1980.