many individual activists in various progressive causes including, woman suffrage, black rights, and the condition for better working conditions for women and children met to discuss a group that would devote themselves to problems of the african americans. Oswald Garrison Villard, the grandson of William Llyod Garrison, called a conference to discuss the issues. At the concference, the group evolved into the NAACP. leaders include Villard and W.E.B. Du Bois.