Unit Research

  • 14th amendment

    14th amendment
    This amendment defines our citizenship.
  • 15th amendment

    15th amendment
    Gives everybody the right of suffrage regardelss of race, gender, age, ect.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    as the name of the racial caste system which operated primarily, but not exclusively in southern and border states, between 1877 and the mid-1960s. Jim Crow was more than a series of rigid anti-black laws. It was a way of life. Under Jim Crow, African Americans were relegated to the status of second class citizens.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    she was a high profile supporter of the Civil Rights Movement, of equal rights for women, and of social reforms to uplift the poor. In addition, Roosevelt helped found the United Nations, the United Nations Association, and the Freedom House. She served as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations under both the Truman and Kennedy administrations.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    acial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal."
  • amendment

    the process of amending by parliamentary or constitutional procedure
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    Thurgood Marshall was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice.
  • Hector P. Garcia

    Hector P. Garcia
    arcía became involved with LULAC after the war and then began to notice acute discrimination in the schools and towards veterans. His work evolved into founding the American G.I. Forum, which has been a Latino advocacy organization since 1948.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    gives women the right of suffarage
  • George Wallace

    George Wallace
    Although he campaigned as segregationists, placed less emphasis on segregation in his speeches and advertisements. His active defense of segregation and voting discrimination continued until the 1972 assassination attempt that nearly took his life. Years later he publicly apologized for his fight against civil rights.
  • Betty Friedan

    Betty Friedan
    an American writer, activist, and feminist. A leading figure in the Women's Movement in the United States, her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique is often credited.
  • Cesar Chavez

    Cesar Chavez
    Cesar Chavez was a Mexican American labor activist and leader of the United Farm Workers. During the 20th century he was a leading voice for migrant farm workers. he was fighting for equality, and rights for the workers.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Martin Luther King, Jr.
    a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist, King headed the SCLC. Through his activism, he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African-American citizens in the South and other areas of the nation.
  • League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)

    reated to combat the discrimination that Hispanics face in the United States. Established February 17, 1929 in Corpus Christi, Texas, LULAC was a consolidation of smaller, like-minded civil rights groups already in existence
  • Dolores Huerta

    Dolores Huerta
    is a labor leader and civil rights activist who, along with César Chávez, co-founded the National Farmworkers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers
  • Social Security

    Social Security
    retired people get money to survive on.
  • Barbara Jordan

    Barbara Jordan
    an American politician and a leader of the Civil Rights movement. She was the first African American elected to the Texas Senate after Reconstruction
  • Federal Housing Authority

    Federal Housing Authority
    This ensures that people will be able to get loans for homes and other big purchases.
  • Mendez v. Westminster

    Mendez v. Westminster
    The case, Mendez v. Westminster School District, landed an important blow to school segregation in California. The case represents one of the growing efforts of Mexican Americans in the 20th Century to cast off systematic prejudice, confronting issues of race, class and citizenship. The Mendez case is also important because it underscored that the struggle for civil rights in America crossed regional, racial and ethnic lines.
  • Delgado v. Bastrop ISD

    Delgado v. Bastrop ISD
    Landmark case in Texas that dealt with racial segregation . because of the court case, it became aware the segregation of tejano children in public schools declared unconstitutional

    Founded in 1909, the NAACP is the nation's oldest and largest civil rights organization. It was originally called the National Negro Committee. New York City by a group of bi-racial is the nation's oldest civil rights organization. One often-overlooked aspect is its history -Jewish community contributed hugely to the NAACP's founding and continued financing.
  • title x

    title x
    was written to get rid of discrimination, but ended up energizing the Women Rights movement.
  • Sweatt v. Painter

    Sweatt v. Painter
    U.S. Supreme Court case that successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation established by the 1896 case Plessy v. Ferguson
  • Non-Violent Protests

    Non-Violent Protests
    The doctrine, policy, or practice of rejecting violence in favor of peaceful tactics as a means of gaining political objectives. As a theologian, Martin Luther King reflected often on his understanding of nonviolence. He described his own ‘‘pilgrimage to nonviolence’’
  • Hernandez v. Texas

    Hernandez v. Texas
    The first and only Mexican-American civil-rights case heard and decided by the United States Supreme Court during the post-World War II period was Hernández v. the State of Texas.
  • Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Movement
    The Civil Rights Movement was at a peak from 1955-1965. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, guaranteeing basic civil rights for all Americans, regardless of race, after nearly a decade of nonviolent protests and marches, ranging from the 1955-1956 Montgomery bus boycott to the student-led sit-ins of the 1960s to the huge March on Washington in 1963.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Successfully overturned the Plessey v. Ferguson decision by applying that “separate is inherently unequal" Black children were denied admission to public schools attended by white children under laws requiring or permitting segregation according to the races.
  • Sonia Sotomayor

    Sonia Sotomayor
    Sonia Maria Sotomayor is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving since August 2009. Sotomayor is the Court's 111th justice, its first Hispanic justice, and its third female justice.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Parks desided to sit in the white only area, and didnt offer seat to a white man. She was arrested and convicted of violating the laws of segregation, known as “Jim Crow laws.” Mrs. Parks appealed her conviction and thus formally challenged the legality of segregation.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycotts

    Montgomery Bus Boycotts
    Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white citizen after the white section had filled up. The resulting arrest sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, organized by Martin Luther King Jr. and SCLC. Black citizens stopped taking the bus and instead organized car pools or just walked. Bus companies were losing a lot of money and eventually became integrated.
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC),

    Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC),
    advance the cause of civil rights in American but in a non-niolent manner. It was formed in 1957 wftrr the Bus Boycott ended.
  • Orval Faubus

    Orval Faubus
    6th Governor of Arkansas, serving from 1955 to 1967. He is best known for his 1957 stand against the desegregation of the Little Rock School District during the Little Rock Crisis
  • Civil Rights Act 1957

    Civil Rights Act 1957
    Led to the integration of many schools in the US.
  • Militant Protests

    Militant Protests
    was a stratagy of protesting that worked in a more agressive way, that called upon dispair and disaster
  • Great Society

    Great Society
    political idea that promised to end poverty and racial injustice.
  • medicare

    offers seniors/ kids with disablities proper health care.
  • Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

    Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
    was founded in April 1960, by young people, who had emerged as leaders from the sit-in protest movement ifromFeburary 1, of that year by 4 black college students in Greensboro, North Carolina.
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative Action
    This was a way to promote not using discrimination.
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson

    Lyndon Baines Johnson
    was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States (1961–1963). In 1965, he achieved passage of a second civil rights bill, the Voting Rights Act, which outlawed discrimination in voting, thus allowing millions of southern blacks to vote for the first time.
  • 25th Amendment

    25th Amendment
    makes having to pay tax polls ilegal to any person going to vote
  • March On Washington

    March On Washington
    The 1963 March on Washington --50,000 people marched to promote Civil Rights and economic equality for African Americans. Participants walked down Constitution and Independence avenues, 100 years after the Emancipation Proclamation was signed.
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    The 15th Amendment had allowed the African American citizens to vote, but there were many restrictions. There was a poll of which an African American voter had to pay, and was often out of their budget. Whoever who had a parent that could vote would not have to pay this tax, covering the majority of Whites. The twenty-fourth amendment banned Polls in elections and made it possible for poor African Americans to vote and get what they wanted.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    This outlawed any and all discrimination in the United States.
  • head start

    head start
    A program that was established to offer early education to chidren with parents who couldn't afford an education for them.
  • upward bound

    upward bound
    offer better oppurtunities to High School students.
  • 26th amendment

    26th amendment
    Defines presidential succession.
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    was passed in 1965. This Act prohibits states from imposing any "voting qualification or prerequisite to voting, or standard, practice, or procedure ... to deny or abridge the right of any citizen of the United States to vote on account of race or color.” It suspended literacy tests and other devices used to exclude black voters. It authorized federal supervision of voter registration, and allowed federal workers to register voters.
  • National Organization for Women (NOW)

    National Organization for Women (NOW)
    promotes equal rights for women.
  • United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)

    United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)
    On August 22, 1966, the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC), later renamed the United Farm Workersof America (UFW), was formed. The UFWOC was established when two smaller organizations, the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) and the Agriculural Workers Organizing Committe (AWOC), both in the middle of strikes against certian California frape growers, merged and moved under the umbrella of the AFL-CIO.
  • Black Panther

    Black Panther
    promoted the use of violence, saying that nonviolent acts will no longer be enough to bring the Americans to their senses. The panthers carried guns and monitored African American neighborhoods to guard against Police Brutality.
  • Congress on Racial Equality (CORE),

    Congress on Racial Equality (CORE),
    a U.S. civil rights organization for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement. Membership in CORE is still stated to be open to "anyone who believes that 'all people are created equal' .
  • American Indian Movement

    American Indian Movement
    organization of the Native American civil-rights movement, founded in 1968. Its purpose is to encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights. In 1972, members of AIM briefly took over the headquarters of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington, D.C.
  • Tinker v. De Moines

    Tinker v. De Moines
    desicion by th U.S. Supreme Court that defied the consttutional rights of students in U.S. public schools. idea was- that ruling of the 1st Amendment applies to public schools with regards to regulating speech in the classroom
  • La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)

    La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)
    established on January 17, 1970, at a meeting of 300 Mexican Americans ar Campestre Hall in Crystal City, Texas.
  • Edgewood ISD v. Kirby

    Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
    Landmark case in Texas, redistributed property taxes to poorer districts, led to Robin Hood legislation .