Nakia's Social Change Project

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    Discrimination is hating or disliking someone or a group of people because of their race,religion,sex,ethnicity
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    There has always been inequality whether it was between races or between men and women.There will always be some form of inequality
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    Machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds. Allowing for much greater productivity then doing it by hand (1793) makes slaves pick more cotton
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    Civil Disobedience

    The action of refusing to obey certain laws of the government
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    The belief that women should have the same rights as men whether it be jobs,owning property,going to school,voting,cars or as simple as being paid.Feminism has helped get women equal rights.Even still today feminism is around because women still dont have complete equality as men
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    Segregation was the seperation of blacks and whites.Blacks and whites didnt go to the same schools,drink from the same water fountains or use the same restrooms.Blacks couldnt use the same thing a white was using.Blacks had access to all the same facilities but they very often of a much lesser standard
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    The movement to end slavery.This is important because if slavery never ended there would have never been any social change
  • Women's Sufferage

    Women's Sufferage
    This is the right of women to vote and to stand for electoral office.For years women were fighting for their right to vote and then it finally happened.This is important because it started the evolution to women's rights and equality
  • Amendment 13

    Amendment 13
    Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States
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    W.E.B Du Bois

    United States civil rights leader and political activist who campaigned for equality for blacks
  • Amendment 14

    Amendment 14
    All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
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    Jim Crow Laws

  • Harry Truman

    Harry Truman
    Harry S. Truman was the 33rd President of the United States of America. The final running mate of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944, Truman succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945, when Roosevelt died after months of declining health.
  • Booker T. Washington

    Booker T. Washington
    Believed racism would end if blacks learned labor skills. Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    Plessy v Ferguson
    Homer Plessy was a 30 year old man who looked white but was considered to be black so he had to sit in the colored car of the train.Plessy purposly sat in the whites section of the car and told authority that he was black.Plessy was arrested and brought it to supreme court.People said that if was fair as long as the seperate areas were equal.It was an important event because it got blacks and whites to have the same facilities

    Stands for National Association for the Advancement of Colored PeopleThe National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909
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    Great Migration

    the relocation of more than 6 million African Americans from the rural South to the cities of the North, Midwest and West from 1916 to 1970, had a huge impact on urban life in the United States. Driven from their homes by unsatisfactory economic opportunities and harsh segregationist laws, many blacks headed north, where they took advantage of the need for industrial workers that first arose during the First World War
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    The Harlem Renaissance was the name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s. During this period Harlem was a cultural center, drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars. Many had come from the South, fleeing its oppressive caste system in order to find a place where they could freely express their talents.
  • Amendment 19

    Amendment 19
    The 19th Amendment, guaranteeing women the right to vote, is formally adopted into the U.S. Constitution by proclamation of Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby. The amendment was the culmination of more than 70 years of struggle by woman suffragists. Its two sections read simply: "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex"
  • Betty Friedan

    Betty Friedan
    Was an American writer, activist, and feminist. A leading figure in the women's movement in the United States, her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique is often credited with sparking the second wave of American feminism in the 20th century. In 1966, Friedan founded and was elected the first president of the National Organization for Women (NOW), which aimed to bring women "into the mainstream of American society now [in] fully equal partnership with men".
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    Martin Luther King JR.

    MLK was an amazing symbol for the perfect civil rights leader.He was a very peaceful and gentle man.Martin captivated a lot of people that he came across and got people to listen to him.Always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race.he first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, the bus boycott.The boycott lasted 382 days. On December 21, 1956,it had been declared unconstitutional the laws requiring blacks and whites to ride equally.
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    World War 2

    Marked the begining or change
  • Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Movement
    A time in history when blacks were protesting trying to get equal rights to vote,rights to better jobs and to end segregation
  • Fair Deal

    Fair Deal
    A "Fair Deal" is what President Harry Truman called his plan. He announced it in a speech on January 5, 1949. His Fair Deal recommended that all Americans have health insurance, that the minimum wage (the lowest amount of money per hour that someone can be paid) be increased, and that, by law, all Americans be guaranteed equal rights.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    The Supreme Court outlawed segregated public education facilities for blacks and whites at the state level.This was important because blacks were finally gaining a standing in the social standings
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    On May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education that segregated schools are "inherently unequal." In September 1957, as a result of that ruling, nine African-American students enrolled at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.This is important because this was the start of ending segregation in public schools,letting blacks get a fair education as whites
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    She never stood up to give her seat to a white lady in the (white side).She got arrested and was fined for ‘’disrupting ordinance’’. That made a movement that ended segregation.
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference

    Southern Christian Leadership Conference
    At its first convention in Montgomery in August 1957, the Southern Leadership Conference adopted the current name, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Basic decisions made by the founders at these early meeting included the adoption of nonviolent mass action as the cornerstone of strategy, the affiliation of local community organizations with SCLC across the South, and a determination to make the SCLC movement open to all, regardless of race, religion, or background.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    On September 9, 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1957.It established the Civil Rights Division in the Justice Department, and empowered federal officials to prosecute individuals that conspired to deny or abridge another citizens right to vote
  • Black Power

    Black Power
    Political slogan and a name for various associated ideologies aimed at achieving self-determination
  • Great Society

    Great Society
    Set of spending programs that addressed medical care, education
  • Sit Ins

    Sit Ins
    In non-violent measures (martin Luther king Jr). 4 AA students go to a whites only lunch counter table and asked for coffee, the service was refused and the idea of sit – ins was born for peaceful activist.
  • Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee

    Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee
    Over the next decade, civil rights activism moved beyond lunch counter sit-ins. In this violently changing political climate, SNCC struggled to define its purpose as it fought white oppression. Out of SNCC came some of today's black leaders, such as former Washington, D.C. mayor Marion Barry, Congressman John Lewis and NAACP chairman Julian Bond. Together with hundreds of other students, they left a lasting impact on American history.
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative Action
    Affirmative action is one of the most effective tools for redressing the injustices caused by our nation's historic discrimination against people of color and women, and for leveling what has long been an uneven playing field. A centuries-long legacy of racism and sexism has not been eradicated despite the gains made during the civil rights era.
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    Along the way the riders were beaten and the buses were torched.but on their arrival in Montgomery they were savagely attacked by a mob of more than 1000 whites. The extreme violence and the indifference of local police prompted a national outcry of support for the riders, putting pressure on President Kennedy to end the violence.Generated more publicity and inspired dozens more Freedom Rides.in November, the Interstate Commerce Commission prohibits segregated transportation facilities
  • Freedom Riders

    Freedom Riders
    Were civil rights activist who rode interstate buses into the segregated southern United States in 1961.This made a huge mark in history.People were standing up for themselves.The first Freedom Ride took place on May 4, 1961 when seven blacks and six whites left Washington, D.C., on two public buses bound for the Deep South. They intended to test the Supreme Court's ruling in Boynton v. Virginia (1960), which declared segregation in interstate bus and rail stations unconstitutional.
  • John F. Kennedy

    John F. Kennedy
    "I am, therefore, asking the Congress to enact legislation giving all Americans the right to be served in facilities which are open to the public—hotels, restaurants, theaters, retail stores, and similar establishments" this is what Kennedy said to the public June 11, 1963 this is important because he is trying to help black be treated equally
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    The intermixing of people/ groups previously segregated.For a long time races were segregated but slowly over time they were integrating
  • Civil Rights Act

    ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement. First proposed by President John F. Kennedy, it survived strong opposition from southern members of Congress and was then signed into law by Kennedy’s successor, Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • Voting Rights Act

    Voting Rights Act
    Applied a nationwide prohibition against the denial or abridgment of the right to vote on the literacy tests on a nationwide basis.
  • NOW

    National Organization For Women.NOW was founded on June 30, 1966, in Washington, D.C., by 28 people attending the Third National Conference of State Commissions on the Status of Women,"Taking Action for Women's Equality Since 1966" is their motto.This group was all about feminism
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    The Black Panther Party stood up to racist authorities.hey launched a series of ‘survival programmes’ that aimed to improve the lives of blacks in northern city ghettos. These included the Free Breakfast for School Children Programme, free health clinics, and free ‘liberation schools’. Local businesses and celebrities who donated funds to the projects supported the programmes. The free breakfast campaign was hugely successful and was feeding 10,000 school children a day by 1969
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    He was a grandson of a slave, He was a judge, made a lot of ideas/laws for John F. Kennedy. After he was a major judge in the Supreme Court. Famous for 1933 court case (his first) sued university of Maryland to admit an African American Amherst universities graduate named Donald Gaines Murray.
  • Stonewall Riots

    Stonewall Riots
    The event largely regarded as a catalyst for the LGBT movement for civil rights in the United States.The riots inspired LGBT people throughout the country to organize in support of gay rights,and within two years after the riots,gay rights groups had been started in nearly every major city in the United States.
  • Roe v. Wade

    Roe v. Wade
    Roe v. Wade (1973) ruled unconstitutional a state law that banned abortions except to save the life of the mother. The Court ruled that the states were forbidden from outlawing or regulating any aspect of abortion performed during the first trimester of pregnancy, could only enact abortion regulations reasonably related to maternal health in the second and third trimesters, and could enact abortion laws protecting the life of the fetus only in the third trimester.
  • Dont Ask Dont Tell

    Dont Ask Dont Tell
    The law prohibiting gay and lesbian people from serving openly in the military.sent a message that discrimination was acceptable
  • California Proposition 8

    California Proposition 8
    On November 4, 2008, voters approved the measure and made same-sex marriage illegal in California. On Wednesday, August 4, 2010, a federal judge ruled that Proposition 8 is unconstitutional under the U.S. Constitution and barred its enforcement.This was discrimination.This is important because now everyone can marry who they want in California
  • Dont Ask Dont Tell Repeal Act

    Dont Ask Dont Tell Repeal Act
    That day was the beginning of a new chapter for the nation's military. Gay and lesbian service members previously discharged under DADT now have the opportunity to re-enlist. Gay and lesbian Americans eager to serve their country but not willing to compromise who they are as individuals will, for the first time ever, be able to openly join.
  • Defense of Marriage Act

    Defense of Marriage Act
    the United States Supreme Court ruled in Windsor v. United States that Section 3 that denies legally married same-sex couples over 1,100 protections and responsibilities of marriage, is unconstitutional. By striking down Section 3 of DOMA, the Supreme Court has affirmed that all loving and committed couples who marry deserve equal legal respect and treatment. It marks an enormous victory for equal justice under the law and ends DOMA’s two-tiered system for marriage
  • Socio Economic Status

    Social standing or class of someone or group, combo of education income and occupation.Many peoples' started to go from bad to good.Not everyone's though
  • Poverty

    The state of being inferior in quality or insufficient in amount.This was important because most blacks were going through poverty throughout the civil rights era.It has been around forever and is still around today
  • Amendment 15

    Amendment 15
    he right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude