Civil Rights in America

  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    (No specific month or day) laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans' freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Formally abolished slavery in the United States
  • 14th amendment

    14th amendment
    Granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included former slaves recently freed.
  • 15th amendment

    15th amendment
    The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    (No Specific month or day) were state and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States.
  • Plessy v Ferguson

    Plessy v Ferguson
    was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    Guarantees all American women the right to vote.
  • 20th Amendment

    20th Amendment
    a simple amendment that sets the dates at which federal (United States) government elected offices end. In also defines who succeeds the president if the president dies.
  • Federal Housing Authority

    Federal Housing Authority
    a United States government agency created as part of the National Housing Act of 1934. It sets standards for construction and underwriting and insures loans made by banks and other private lenders for home building.
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    prohibites any poll tax in elections for federal officials.
  • Brown V Furgosun

    Brown V Furgosun
    the Brown v. Board decision helped break the back of state-sponsored segregation, and provided a spark to the American civil rights movement.
  • Montomery Bus Boycott

    Montomery Bus Boycott
    a seminal event in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement, was a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of Montgomery, Alabama.
  • civil rights act of 1957

    civil rights act of 1957
    Ensure that all Americans could exercise their right to vote.
  • Veteran rights act of 1957

    Veteran rights act of 1957
    provide means of further securing and protecting the civil rights of persons within the jurisdiction of the United States.
  • Sit-ins

    Sit-ins
    Following the Oklahoma City sit-ins, the tactic of non-violent student sit-ins spread. The Greensboro sit-ins at a Woolworth's in Greensboro, North Carolina, on February 1, 1960, launched a wave of anti-segregation sit-ins across the South and opened a national awareness of the depth of segregation in the nation.
  • Civil rights act of 1964

    Civil rights act of 1964
    Ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin,
  • Head Start

    Head Start
    (day and month N/A)a federally-funded program targeting children ages 3-5 and providing a variety of services, including education in the form of preschool, and nutrition and medical services.
  • Martin Luther King Jr.

    Martin Luther King Jr.
    was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement
  • Title IX

    Title IX
    is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    Thurgood Marshall was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice.
  • Cesar Chavez

    Cesar Chavez
    an American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist, who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association
  • Orville Faubus

    Orville Faubus
    Orval Eugene Faubus was an American politician who served as the Governor of Arkansas, serving from 1955 to 1967
  • Hector P. Garcia

    Hector P. Garcia
    was a Mexican-American physician, surgeon, World War II veteran, civil rights advocate, and founder of the American G.I. Forum.
  • George Wallace

    George Wallace
    was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms as a Democrat.
  • Lester Maddox

    was an American politician who was the 75th Governor of the U.S. state of Georgia from 1967 to 1971.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    n African-American Civil Rights activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
  • Betty Friedan

    Betty Friedan
    was an American writer, activist, and feminist. A leading figure in the women's movement in the United States, her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique is often credited with sparking the second wave of American feminism in the 20th century. In 1966, Friedan co-founded and was elected the first president of the National Organization for Women (NOW), which aimed to bring women "into the mainstream of American society now [in] fully equal partnership with men".
  • Civil Disobediance

    Civil Disobediance
    (No Date)the active, professed refusal to obey certain laws, demands, and commands of a government, or of an occupying international power.
  • Nonviolent Protest

    Nonviolent Protest
    the practice of achieving goals through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, satyagraha, or other methods, without using violence.
  • Desegregation

    Desegregation
    (No date)the process of ending the separation of two groups usually referring to races.
  • Sharecropping

    Sharecropping
    (No date)a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on their portion of land.
  • Lynching

    Lynching
    (Between the 19th and 20th centuries)an extrajudicial punishment by an informal group. It is most often used to characterize informal public executions by a mob, often by hanging, in order to punish an alleged transgressor, or to intimidate a minority group.
  • 26th amendment

    26th amendment
    (date N/A) The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
  • Affirmitave Action

    Affirmitave Action
    (Date N/A) The policy of favoring members of a disadvantaged group who suffer from discrimination within a culture.
  • Upward Bound

    Upward Bound
    (Date N/A)a national program that more than doubles the chances of low-income, first-generation students graduating from college so they can escape poverty and enter the middle class.