An amendment is a formal change to the text of the written constitution of a nation or state.
The 15th Amendment grants voting rights to African American men
Jim Crow Laws
laws that make it legal to segragate a certain group because of race
Plessy v. Ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson is a United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
offers assistance to African Americans with regards to matters involving civil rights
The 19th Amendment establishes women's suffrage
League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)
League of United Latin American Citizens was created to combat the discrimination that Hispanics face in the United States.
The Militant Protests were people who engaged in aggressive verbal or physical combat going for their rights.
Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States. Eleanor became an important connection for Franklin's administration to the African-Americans during the segregation era.
Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
Edgewood ISD v. Kirby was a landmark in Texas, redistributed property taxes to poorer districts, led to Robin Hood legislation.
Federal Housing Authority
The fesderal housing authority is a United States government agency that insured loans made by banks and other private lenders for home building and home buying.
Social Security is the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) federal program. Social Security pays for ones retirment.
Congress On Racial Equality (CORE)
The Congress of Racial Equality or CORE is a U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.
Mendez v. Westminster
Mendez v. Westminster was a 1946 federal court case that challenged racial segregation in Orange County, California schools.
Delgado v. Bastrop ISD
Delgado v. Bastrop ISD was a landmark case in Texas that dealt with racial segregation.
Sweatt v. Painter
Sweatt v. Painterbwas a U.S. Supreme Court case that successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation
Brown v. Board of Education
Brown v. Board of Education was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
Hernandez v. Texas
Hernandez v. Texas wasva United States Supreme Court case that decided that Mexican Americans and all other racial groups in the United States had equal protection under the 14th Amendment.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American clergyman, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent tactics
Orval Faubus was the 36th Governor of Arkansas. He is best known for his stand against the desegregation of the Little Rock School District.
Rosa Parks was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a protest against the racial segregation on the public transit system
Dolores Huerta a labor leader and civil rights activist who, along with César Chávez, co-founded the National Farmworkers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers (UFW).
Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights Movement refers to the social movements in the United States aimed at outlawing racial discrimination against black Americans and restoring voting rights to them. The movement began in 1955 and ended in 1968.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
SCLC is an African-American civil rights organization. The SCLC had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Civil Rights Act of 1957
It was primarily a voting rights bill, was the first civil rights legislation enacted by Congress in the United States since Reconstruction following the American Civil War.
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement
Affirmative action are policies that take factors like race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or national origins into consideration in order to benefit groups in areas of employment, education, and business.
George Wallace was an American politician and the 45th governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms.
Lyndon Baines Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson was the 36th President of the United States
March On Washington
March On Washington was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans.
Betty Friedan was an American activist that published a nonfiction in 1963 called "The Feminine Mystique." It is widely credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.
The Great Society was a set of programs in the United States announced by President Lyndon B. Johnson.The goals of the Great Society social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice.
The 24th Amendment was passed to prevent voting discrimination against the poor by outlawing poll taxes
Civil Rights Act of 1964
it was a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a piece of national legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices
The Head Start Program is a program of the United States that provides education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low income families.
Medicare is a national social insurance program that guarantees health insurance for Americans ages 65 and older
Upward Bound is a federally funded educational program in the United States.
Non-Violent Protests was the practice of achieving goals through symbolic protests, civil disobedience, economic or political noncooperation, and other methods, without using violenc
The Black Panthers was an African-American revolutionary socialist organization who used militant protest
United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)
United Farm Workers Organizing Committee is a labor union created from the merging of two groups, the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee (AWOC) led by Filipino organizer Larry Itliong, and the National Farm Workers Association (NFWA) led by César Chávez.
National Organization for Women (NOW)
National Organization for Women is an organization founded in 1966 and which has a membership of 500,000 contributing members set up for the advancement of women.
Barbara Jordan was born February 21, 1936 and she was an American politician and a leader of the Civil Rights movement. Jordan was the first southern black female elected to the United States House of Representatives.
Thurgood Marshall was a distinguished lawyer, supreme court justice, and supporter of rights of Americans with little voice governent. President Johnson nominated him to the United States Supreme Court in 1967.
25th Amendment to the United States Constitution deals with succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, as well as responding to Presidential disabilities.
Cesar Chavez was an American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist. Chavez became the best known Latino American civil rights activist.
Hector P. Garcia
Hector P. Garcia was a Mexican-American physician, surgeon, World War II veteran, civil rights advocate, and founder of the American G.I. Forum. As a result of the national prominence he earned through his work on behalf of Hispanic Americans.
American Indian Movement (AIM)
American Indian Movement is a Native American activist organization in the United States, founded in 1968 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, with an agenda that focuses on spirituality, leadership, and sovereignty.
The 14th Amendment Grants citizenship to all people born in the US
Tinker v. Des Moines
Tinker v. Des Moines was a decision by the United States Supreme Court that defined the constitutional rights of students in U.S. public schools
La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)
La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United) was an American political party centered on Chicano nationalism.
26th Amendment to the United States Constitution barred the states or federal government from setting a voting age higher than eighteen. It was adopted on July 1, 1971.
Title IX is a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972. U.S. legislation also identified its principal author's name as the Patsy Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act.
Sonia Sotomayor was born June 25, 1954 and is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving since August 2009. Sotomayor is the Court's 111th justice, its first Hispanic justice, and its third female justice.