An amendment is a formal change to the text of the written constitution of a nation or state.
The 14th Amendment Grants citizenship to all people born in the US
The 15th Amendment grants voting rights to African American men
Plessy v. Ferguson
Plessy v. Ferguson is a United States Supreme Court decision in the jurisprudence of the United States, upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
The NAACP offers assistance to African Americans with regards to matters involving civil rights
The 19th Amendment establishes women's suffrage
League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)
The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) Offers assistance to Hispanic Americans with regards to matters involving civil rights.
Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States. Eleanor became an important connection for Franklin's administration to the African-Americans during the segregation era.
Federal Housing Authority
The feseral housing authority is a United States government agency that insured loans made by banks and other private lenders for home building and home buying.
Social Security is the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) federal program. Social Security pays for ones retirment.
The Congress of Racial Equality
The Congress of Racial Equality or CORE is a U.S. civil rights organization that played a pivotal role for African-Americans in the Civil Rights Movement.
Socially Progressive Movement: Civil Rights
Mendez v. Westminster
Meendez v. Westminster was a 1946 federal court case that challenged racial segregation in California schools. The court decided that segregation of Mexican and Mexican American students into separate "Mexican schools" was unconstitutional.
Delgado v. Bastrop ISD
the court decided that the segregation of Mexican-American children was illegal.
Hector P. Garcia
Hector Perez Garcia was a Mexican-American physician, surgeon, World War II veteran, civil rights advocate. in 1948 Hector invited veterans to come hear him and other local leaders discuss the problems of segregated schools in Taft, Texas
Civil Rights Movement
The civil rights movement was a worldwide political movement for equality before the law
Sweatt v. Painter
Sweatt v. Painterbwas a U.S. Supreme Court case that successfully challenged the "separate but equal" doctrine of racial segregation
Cesar Chavez was an American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist. Chavez became the best known Latino American civil rights activist.
Dolores Huerta is a labor leader and civil rights activist. she co-founded the National Farmworkers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers
Hernandez v. Texas
Hernandez v. Texas wasva United States Supreme Court case that decided that Mexican Americans and all other racial groups in the United States had equal protection under the 14th Amendment.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
Brown v. Board of Education was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
Martin Luther King, Jr
Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American clergyman, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent tactics
Rosa Parks was an African-American civil rights activist. She is famous for not giving up her seat on the bus and then she got arrested.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a protest against the racial segregation on the public transit system
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
SCLC is an African-American civil rights organization. The SCLC had a large role in the American Civil Rights Movement.
Orval Faubus was the 36th Governor of Arkansas. He is best known for his stand against the desegregation of the Little Rock School District.
Civil Rights Act 1957
primarily a voting rights bill, was the first civil rights legislation enacted by Congress in the United States since Reconstruction following the American Civil War.
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee
The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee was one of the organizations of the American Civil Rights Movement
Non-Violent Protests are protest that when violence approches they don't fight back
Affirmative action are policies that take factors like race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or national origins into consideration in order to benefit groups in areas of employment, education, and business.
George Corley Wallace was an American politician and the 45th governor of Alabama.
Betty Friedan was an American writer, activist, and feminist. Betty wrote The Feminine Mystique in 1963 and it is credited for sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States.
March on Washington
The March on Washington was one of the largest political rallies for human rights in United States history. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial
Lyndon Baines Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson was the 36th President of the United States
The 24th Amendment was passed to prevent voting discrimination against the poor by outlawing poll taxes
Civil Rights Act 1964
piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.
The Great Society was a set of programs in the United States announced by President Lyndon B. Johnson.The goals of the Great Society social reforms were the elimination of poverty and racial injustice.
The Head Start Program is a program of the United States that provides education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low income families.
Medicare is a national social insurance program that guarantees health insurance for Americans ages 65 and older
Voting Rights Act 1965
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a piece of national legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices.
Upward Bound is a federally funded educational program in the United States.
Barbara Jordan the first African American elected to the Texas Senate and the first southern black female elected to the United States House of Representatives. She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom and other rewards
National Organization for Women (NOW)
NOW is an organization for the advancement of women
Jim Crow Laws
Jim Crow Laws are laws that make it legal to segragate a certain group because of race
United Farm Workers Organizing Committee
The United Farm Workers of America is a labor union created from the merging of two groups, the Agricultural Workers Organizing Committee and the National Farm Workers Association.
The Black Panthers was an African-American revolutionary socialist organization
Codifies the Tyler Precedent; defines the process of presidential succession
Thurgood Marshall was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was the first african american justice.
Militant protest are protests that when violence approches, they fight back.
American Indian Movement
The American Indian Movement is a Native American activist organization in the United States
Tinker v. De Moines
Tinker v. Des Moines was a decision by the United States Supreme Court that defined the constitutional rights of students in U.S. public schools
La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)
La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United) was an American political party centered on Chicano nationalism.
The 26th Amendment establishes the right to vote at the age of 18 years or older.
Title IX is a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972. It states "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance..."
Sonia Sotomayor is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. She is the first hispanic judge.
Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
Edgewood ISD v. Kirby case concerning public school finance. the state's methods of funding public schools violated at least four principles of the state constitution, which obligated the state legislature to provide an efficient and free public school system.