Civil rights march

Civil Rights

  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Passed during Lincoln's presidency and Reconstruction, this ensure the rights of freed slaves.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Gave the rights of citizens of the United States to vote shall and they can't be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    Maintained racial segregation in the South. Under these laws, whites and blacks drank from different water fountains, used different bathrooms and sat separately on public transportation and in restaurants.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt was born.

    Eleanor Roosevelt was born.
    Born in New York City, Eleanor was a leader in her own right and involved in numerous humanitarian causes throughout her life. She was strongly known for her women's right movement. She was also the niece of President Theodore Roosevelt.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Plessy v. Ferguson was a Supreme Court case that upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation under the doctrine of "separate but equal."
  • Thurgood Marshall was born.

    Thurgood Marshall was born.
    Born in Maryland, was a counsel to the NAACP, he utilized the judiciary to champion equality for African Americans. In 1954, he won the Brown v. Board of Education case, in which the Supreme Court ended racial segregation in public schools. Marshall was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1967.
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson was born.

    Lyndon Baines Johnson was born.
    Born in Texas, Johnson was the 36th President of the United States. Before becoming president, he was a U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate. Upon taking office, Johnson launched an ambitious slate of progressive reforms aimed at alleviating poverty and creating what he called a "Great Society" for all Americans.
  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

    National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
    A Civil Rights organization in the United States, made originally for Blacks. During the beginning, the NAACP focused on legal strategies designed to confront the critical civil rights issues of the day.
  • Orval Faubus was born.

    Orval Faubus was born.
    Born in Arkansas, Orval was a six-term Democratic governor of Arkansas famous for his stand against integration of Little Rock, Arkansas schools in 1957 in defiance of U.S. Supreme Court rulings.
  • Rosa Parks was born.

    Rosa Parks was born.
    Born in Alabama, she was a civil rights activisit. She was most popular for her refusal to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery, Alabama bus spurred a city-wide boycott. The city of Montgomery had no choice but to lift the law requiring segregation on public buses. She received many accolades, including the NAACP's highest award.
  • Hector P. Garcia was born.

    Hector P. Garcia was born.
    Hector Perez Garcia was born in Llera, Tamaulipas state, Mexico. He was a passionate advocate for Hispanic-American rights in the United States.
  • George Wallace was born.

    George Wallace was born.
    Born in Alabama, he bcame the governor of Alabama. He was a national spotlight during the civil rights battles of the 1960s by vehemently opposing the federally mandated integration of Alabama schools.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    The19th Amendment forbids voting rights discrimination anywhere in the United States based on sex, aka gave women to vote.
  • Betty Friedan was born.

    Betty Friedan was born.
    A writer, a feminist, and a women's rights activist. Betty was born in Illinois. She wrote "The Feminine Mystique", which explored the idea of women finding personal fulfillment outside of their traditional roles. Betty also helped advance the women’s rights movement as one of the founders of the National Organization for Women.
  • Cesar Chavez was born.

    Cesar Chavez was born.
    Born in Arizona, Cesar Chavez was a nonviolent p rotester. He brought attention to the plight of farmworkers, and formed both the National Farm Workers Association. As a labor leader, he led marches, boycotts, and went on several hunger strikes.
  • Martin Luther King Jr. was born.

    Martin Luther King Jr. was born.
    Born in Atlanta, Georgia. He was both a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist, had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States. Through his activism, he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African-American citizens in the South and other areas of the nation. One of the most lauded African-American leaders in history, famours for the speech, "I Have a Dream."
  • League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)

    League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)
    One of the oldest and biggest organization of Hispanic Americans in the United States. With a approximately of 115,000 members, the organization uses education and advocacy to improve living conditions and seek advances for all Hispanic nationality groups
  • Dolores Huerta was born.

    Dolores Huerta was born.
    Dolores was born in Dawson, New Mexilco, but raised Stockton, California. Dolores helped improve social and economic conditions for farm workers and to fight discrimination. She created the Agricultural Workers Association and co-founded the United Farm Workers.
  • Federal Housing Authority

    Federal Housing Authority
    "A United States government agency that provides mortgage insurance to qualified, FHA-approved lenders. FHA mortgage insurance helps protect lenders from losses associated with mortgage default; if a borrower defaults on a loan, the FHA will pay a specified claim amount to the lender."
  • Social Security

    Social Security
    A federal program that provides monetary assistance to people with an inadequate or no income.
  • Barbara Jordan was born.

    Barbara Jordan was born.
    Born in Houston, Texas. Barbara was the first Texas Senate and US House Representative. She was also a Civil Rights leader for the movement.
  • Congress on Racial Equality (CORE)

    Congress on Racial Equality (CORE)
    A Civil-rights organization founded by James Farmer. CORE sought to promote better race relations and end racial discrimination in the United States by using non-violence.
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    Civil Rights

  • Mendez v. Westminster

    Mendez v. Westminster
    Gonzalo and Felícitas Méndez sent their children off to the local school, only to be told that the youngsters would have to attend a reserved for Mexican Americans. In response the Méndezes and other aggrieved parents from nearby school districts went to federal court to challenge the segregation. Uniquely, they did not claim racial discrimination, since Mexicans were legally considered white, but rather discrimination based on ancestry and supposed “language deficiency."
  • Delgado v. Bastrop ISD

    Delgado v. Bastrop ISD
    When the Delgado, et. al. v. Bastrop Independent School District case began, it was about their complaint for the Mexican American parents, the attorneys argued that the school districts had “prohibited, barred, and excluded” Mexican American children from attending public school with “other white school children” in violation of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution’s Fourteenth Amendment.
  • Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Movement
    A worldwide movement for equality before the law. This period took place starting in the 50's and ending in the 80's.
  • Militant Protests

    Militant Protests
    A type of protest that involves aggressiveness or vigorous actions.
  • Non-Violent Protests

    Non-Violent Protests
    A type of protest that involves no actions that cause harm to an individual, but may recieve damage by other people. These types of protest are the most effective during the Civil Rights Movement.
  • Sweatt v. Painter

    Sweatt v. Painter
    Concluded that a newly created state law school for African‐Americans in Texas was in no objective way equal to the University of Texas Law School.
  • Hernandez v. Texas

    Hernandez v. Texas
    In 1951, Pete Hernandez, a 21-year-old, single, Mexican-American cotton picker, was drinking with a friend at a bar in Edna, a small town in Jackson County, Texas, when he became disruptive and was removed from the bar. Pete went home, obtained a gun, returned, and shot Joe Espinosa. In September 1951, he was indicted for murder. He thought it wasn't fair since the court upheld the exclusion of Mexican-American jurors from a trial in which the defendant was Mexican-American.
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
    Linda Brown was been denied permission to attend an elementary school only five blocks from her home in Topeka, Kansas. School officials refused to register her at the nearby school, assigning her instead to a school for nonwhite students some 21 blocks from her home. Separate elementary schools for whites and nonwhites were maintained by the Board of Education in Topeka. Linda Brown's parents filed a lawsuit upon the manner. This case provided a source to de-segergationize the schools.
  • Sonia Sotomayor was born.

    Sonia Sotomayor was born.
    Born in New York, she was a U.S. District Court Judge in 1992 and was elevated to the U.S. Second Circuit Court of Appeals in 1998. In 2009, she became the first Latina Supreme Court Justice in U.S. history.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    A boycott in which African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating on buses.
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

    Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
    The civil-rights organization was founded in 1957 by Martin Luther King, Jr., and headed by him until his assassination in 1968.The main reason it was made was to advance the cause of civil rights in America but in a non-violent manner.
  • Civil Rights Act 1957

    Civil Rights Act 1957
    Was the U.S. first civil rights legislation that established the Civil Rights Commission (CRC) to protect individual’s rights to equal protection and permitted courts to grant injunctions in support of the CRC.
  • Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

    Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
    A civil-rights organization formed by students during the 1960s, whose aim was to achieve political and economic equality for blacks through local and regional action groups.
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative Action
    Equal opportunity employment measures that Federal goverrnment are legally required to adopt. Factors like: race, color, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or national origin.
  • March on Washington

     March on Washington
    The March on Washington attracted an estimated 250,000 people for a peaceful demonstration to promote Civil Rights and economic equality for African Americans. People walked down Constitution and Independence avenues during this march. This led to the most known speech in the world: "I Have a Dream."
  • United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)

    United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)
    Began in 1962 as a coalition of poorly paid migrant farm workers and grew into a powerful Labor Union that has consistently fought to increase wages and improve working conditions for its members.
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    "The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax."
  • Great Society

    Great Society
    A plan by President Lyndon B. Johnson, chiefly to enact domestic programs to improve education, provide medical care for the aged, and eliminate poverty.
  • Civil Rights Act 1964

    Civil Rights Act 1964
    Made it illegal to discriminate on the because of a person sex or race when it came to hiring, firing, and promoting on the job - See more at.
  • Head Start

    Head Start
    A Federal program targeting children ages 3-5 and providing a variety of services, including education in the form of preschool, and nutrition and medical services.
  • Medicare

    Medicare
    A federal program that pays for certain health care cost for people aged 65 or older.
  • Upward Bound

    Upward Bound
    A federal program that provides fundamental support to participants in their preparation for college entrance.
  • Voting Rights Act 1965

    Voting Rights Act 1965
    Outlawed discriminatory voting practices which existed to one degree or another in most of the states and was specifically targeting practices in the Southern states.
  • National Organization for Women (NOW)

    National Organization for Women (NOW)
    The group was founded in 1966 to support "full equality for women in America in a truly equal partnership with men." The founder was Betty Friedan.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    A U.S. African-American militant party known for their violent revolution as the only means of achieving black liberation. The Black Panthers called on African Americans to arm themselves for the liberation struggle.
  • 25th Amendment

    25th Amendment
    Is in regards to the removal of the President from office by death or resignation and replacing with the VP.
  • American Indian Movement (AIM)

    American Indian Movement (AIM)
    A Native American civil-rights movement, founded in 1968 in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Its was formed to encourage self-determination against Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights.
  • Tinker v. De Moines

    Tinker v. De Moines
    This case affirmed the First Amendment rights of students in school. The Court held that a school district violated students’ free speech rights when it singled out a form of symbolic speech – black armbands worn in protest of the Vietnam War – for prohibition, without proving the armbands would cause substantial disruption in class.
  • La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)

    La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)
    Was an American political party centered on Chicano nationalism. The campaign campaigned for better housing, work, and educational opportunities for Mexican-Americans.
  • 26th Amendment

    26th Amendment
    Allows us citizens over the age of 18 vote in elections.
  • Title IX

    Title IX
    Protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance.
  • Edgewood ISD v. Kirby

    Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
    Started by Fundqv whom which filed suit against commissioner of education William Kirby on May 23, 1984, in Travis County on behalf of the Edgewood Independent School District, San Antonio, citing discrimination against students in poor school districts. The plaintiffs charged that the state's methods of funding public schools violated at least four principles of the state constitution, which obligated the state legislature to provide an efficient and free public school system.