Socially Progressive Movements: Civil Rights

  • 14th Amerndment

    14th Amerndment
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Passed after the Civil War guaranteed blacks the right to vote.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    Plessy v. Ferguson
    On June 7, 1892, 30-year-old Homer Plessy was jailed for sitting in the "White" car of the East Louisiana Railroad.
  • National Association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP)

    National Association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP)
    A US Civil rights organization set up in 1909 to oppose racial segregation and discrimination by nonviolent means.
  • 19th Amendment

    19th Amendment
    Guaranteed women the right to vote.
  • League Of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)

    League Of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC)
    The League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) is the oldest organization of Hispanic Americans in the United States. With a membership of approximately 115,000, the organization uses education and advocacy to improve living conditions and seek advances for all Hispanic nationality groups.
  • Federal Housing Authority

    Federal Housing Authority
    The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) is a United States government agency created as part of the National Housing Act of 1934
  • Social Security

    Social Security
    a program of old age, unemployment, health, disability, and survivors insurance maintained by the U.S. federal government through compulsory payments by specific employer and employee groups.
  • Hector P. Garcia

    Hector P. Garcia
    Hector Perez Garcia was a Mexican-American physician, surgeon, World War II veteran, civil rights advocate, and founder of the American G.I. Forum.
  • Congress on Racial Equality

    Congress on Racial Equality
    an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality.
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    Civil Rights Movement

  • Sweatt v. Painter

    Sweatt v. Painter
    in 1946, Heman Marion Sweatt, a black man, applied for admission to the University of Texas Law School. State law restricted access to the university to whites, and Sweatt's application was automatically rejected because of his race. When Sweatt asked the state courts to order his admission, the university attempted to provide separate but equal facilities for black law students.
  • Mendez v. Westminster

    Mendez v. Westminster
    was the first case to hold that school segregation itself is unconstitutional and violates the 14th Amendment.
  • Delgado v. Bastrop ISD

    Delgado v. Bastrop ISD
    In 1948 the League of United Latin American Citizens, joined by the American G.I. Forum of Texas, successfully challenged these inequities of the Texas public school system in Delgado vs. Bastrop ISD.
  • Civil Rights Movement

    Civil Rights Movement
    Movement in the United States beginning in the 1960s and led primarily by Blacks in an effort to establish the civil rights of individual Black citizens.
  • Sonia Sotomayor

    Sonia Sotomayor
    Sonia Maria Sotomayor is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, serving since August 2009. Sotomayor is the Court's 111th justice, its first Hispanic justice, and its third female justice.
  • Brown v. Board of education of Topeka Kansas

    Brown v. Board of education of Topeka Kansas
    Linda Brown, an eight-year-old African-American girl, had been denied permission to attend an elementary school only five blocks from her home in Topeka, Kansas. School officials refused to register her at the nearby school, assigning her instead to a school for nonwhite students some 21 blocks from her home. Separate elementary schools for whites and nonwhites were maintained by the Board of Education in Topeka. Linda Brown's parents filed a lawsuit to force the schools to admit her to the near
  • Nonviolent Protests

    Nonviolent Protests
    To support a cause without being aggressive and violent.
  • Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks
    Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S. Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement".Know for not giving up her seat on the bus.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    The Montgomery bus boycott was a mass protest by African American citizens in the city of Montgomery, Alabama, against Segregation policies on the city's public buses.
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

    Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
    is an African- American civil rights organization founded by Martin Luther King Jr. in 1957
  • Civil Rights Act 1957

    Civil Rights Act 1957
    The Civil Rights Act of 1957 was introduced in Eisenhower’s presidency and was the act that kick-started the civil rights legislative program that was to include the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
  • Orval Faubus

    Orval Faubus
    Orval Eugene Faubus was the 36th Governor of Arkansas, serving from 1955 to 1967. He is best known for his 1957 stand against the desegregation of the Little Rock School District.
  • Martin Luther King Jr.

    Martin Luther King Jr.
    Martin Luther King, Jr. was an American clergyman, activist, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience.
  • JIm Crow Laws

    JIm Crow Laws
    the systematic practice of discriminating against and segregating Black people, especially as practiced in the American South from the end of Reconstruction to the mid-20th century.
  • Great Society

    Great Society
    a domestic program in the administration of President Lyndon B.
  • Amendment

    Amendment
    a minor change in a document.
  • Student Non- Violent Coordinating Commitee (SNCC)

    Student Non- Violent Coordinating Commitee (SNCC)
    a U.S. civil-rights organization formed by students and active especially during the 1960s, whose aim was to achieve political and economic equality for blacks through local and regional action groups.
  • Affirmative Action

    Affirmative Action
    An action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, esp. in relation to employment or education.
  • United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)

    United Farm Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC)
    The United Farm Workers of America (UFW) began in 1962 as a coalition of poorly paid migrant farm workers and grew into a powerful Labor Union that has consistently fought to increase wages and improve working conditions for its members. In addition to these issues, the UFW has advocated for stronger environmental protections, better housing, and other social justice issues.
  • 24th Amendment

    24th Amendment
    The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
  • Cesar Chavez

    Cesar Chavez
    Cesar Chavez was an American farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist, who, with Dolores Huerta, co-founded the National Farm Workers Association.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from 1933 to 1945 during her husband Franklin D. Roosevelt's four terms in office.
  • Betty Friedan

    Betty Friedan
    Betty Friedan was an American writer, activist, and feminist. A leading figure in the Women's Movement in the United States, her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique.
  • Dolores Huerta

    Dolores Huerta
    Dolores Clara Fernandez Huerta is a labor leader and civil rights activist who, along with César Chávez, co-founded the National Farmworkers Association, which later became the United Farm Workers.
  • George Wallace

    George Wallace
    George Corley Wallace Jr. was an American politician and the 45th governor of Alabama, having served two nonconsecutive terms and two consecutive terms: 1963–1967, 1971–1979 and 1983–1987.
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson

    Lyndon Baines Johnson
    Lyndon Baines Johnson, often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States, a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom took place in Washington, D.C., on August 28, 1963. Attended by some 250,000 people, it was the largest demonstration ever seen in the nation's capital, and one of the first to have extensive television coverage.
  • Civil Rights Act 1964

    Civil Rights Act 1964
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
  • Title IX

    Title IX
    Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972 is the landmark legislation that bans sex discrimination in schools, whether it be in academics or athletics
  • Upward Bound

    Upward Bound
    Upward Bound is a federally funded educational program within the United States.
  • Medicare

    Medicare
    a federal system of health insurance for people over 65 years of age and for certain younger people with disabilities.
  • Authority

    Authority
    The power or right to give orders, make decisions, and enforce obedience.
  • Voting Rights Act 1965

    Voting Rights Act 1965
    President Johnson issued a call for a strong voting rights law and hearings began soon thereafter on the bill that would become the Voting Rights Act.
  • National Organization for Women (NOW)

    National Organization for Women (NOW)
    A women’s rights organization founded in 1966.
  • Barbara Jordan

    Barbara Jordan
    Barbara Charline Jordan was an American politician and a leader of the Civil Rights movement. She was the first African American elected to the Texas Senate after Reconstruction.
  • Black Panthers

    Black Panthers
    The Black Panthers believed that the non-violent campaign of Martin Luther King had failed and any promised changes to their lifestyle via the 'traditional' civil rights movement, would take too long to be implemented or simply not introduced. The language of the Black Panthers was violent as was their public stance.
  • 25th Amendment

    25th Amendment
    If the President of the United State dies in office, the Vice President will assume the position of the presidency.
  • Head Start

    Head Start
    This is a fundamental civil rights protection against employment discrimination for Head Start teachers and volunteers.
  • Thurgood Marshall

    Thurgood Marshall
    Thurgood Marshall was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice.
  • Edgewood ISD v. Kirby

    Edgewood ISD v. Kirby
    In 1968, Demetrio Rodriguez and other parents of Mexican American students in the Edgewood Independent School District of San Antonio, Texas, filed a class action suit in U.S. District Court challenging Texas’ public school finance system.
  • American Indian Movement (AIM)

    American Indian Movement (AIM)
    organization of the Native American civil-rights movement, founded in 1968. Its purpose is to encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish international recognition of their treaty rights.
  • Tinker v. De Moines

    Tinker v. De Moines
    Petitioners, three public school pupils in Des Moines, Iowa, were suspended from school for wearing black armbands to protest the Government's policy in Vietnam. They sought nominal damages and an injunction against a regulation that the respondents had promulgated banning the wearing of armbands.
  • La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)

    La Raza Unida (Mexican Americans United)
    The Raza Unida Party (RUP) was first established as a third political party in Crystal City, Texas, in January, 1970. As an alternative to the two-party system in Texas, Raza Unida sought social, economic, and political self-determination for Chicanos, other minorities, and the disenfranchised through local and, later, state politics.
  • Militant Protests

    Militant Protests
    vigorously active and aggressive, especially in support of a cause.
  • 26th amendment

    26th amendment
    lowered the voting age to 18
  • Hernandez v. Texas

    Hernandez v. Texas
    In 1954, in Hernandez v. Texas, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that the conviction of an agricultural laborer, Pete Hernandez, for murder should be overturned because Mexican Americans had been barred from participating in both the jury that indicted him and the jury that convicted him.