U.S History timeline 2022-2023

  • Aug 3, 1492

    Columbus voyage start

    Columbus voyage start
    "The explorer Christopher Columbus made four trips across the Atlantic Ocean from Spain: in 1492, 1493, 1498 and 1502. He was determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia, but he never did. Instead, he stumbled upon the Americas."
  • Period: to

    John Smith's Voyage

    Jon Smith's voyage to the new world
  • Period: to

    William Bradford

    Williams Bradford's voyage from England to the new world
  • Bacons rebellion

    Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion held by Virginia settlers that took place from 1676 to 1677. It was led by Nathaniel Bacon against Colonial Governor William Berkeley, after Berkeley refused Bacon's request to drive Native Americans out of Virginia.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    "The Glorious Revolution, also called “The Revolution of 1688” and “The Bloodless Revolution,” took place from 1688 to 1689 in England. It involved the overthrow of the Catholic king James II, who was replaced by his Protestant daughter Mary and her Dutch husband, William of Orange."
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    "The Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 and May 1693. The trials resulted in the executions of 20 people."
  • Industrial revolution

    Industrial revolution
    "The Industrial Revolution was the transition from creating goods by hand to using machines. Its start and end are widely debated by scholars, but the period generally spanned from about 1760 to 1840."
  • Biological warfare Britain

    Biological warfare Britain
    "The British give smallpox-contaminated blankets to Shawnee and Lenape (Delaware) communities—an action sanctioned by the British officers Sir Jeffery Amherst and his replacement, General Thomas Gage"
  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    "The Proclamation Line of 1763 was a British-produced boundary marked in the Appalachian Mountains at the Eastern Continental Divide. Decreed on October 7, 1763, the Proclamation Line prohibited Anglo-American colonists from settling on lands acquired from the French following the French and Indian War."
  • Sugar act

    Sugar act
    "Enacted on April 5, 1764, to take effect on September 29, the new Sugar Act cut the duty on foreign molasses from 6 to 3 pence per gallon, retained a high duty on foreign refined sugar, and prohibited the importation of all foreign rum."
  • Stamp act

    Stamp act
    "On March 22, 1765, the British Parliament passed the “Stamp Act” to help pay for British troops stationed in the colonies during the Seven Years' War. The act required the colonists to pay a tax, represented by a stamp, on various forms of papers, documents, and playing cards."
  • American Revolution

    American Revolution
    "The American Revolution was an epic political and military struggle waged between 1765 and 1783 when 13 of Britain's North American colonies rejected its imperial rule. The protest began in opposition to taxes levied without colonial representation by the British monarchy and Parliament."
  • Letter in newspaper in 1765

    Letter in newspaper in 1765
    My Dear Countrymen,
    AWAKE! Awake, my Countrymen and defeat those who want to enslave us. Do not be cowards. You were
    born in Britain, the Land of Light, and you were raised in America, the Land of Liberty. It is your duty to
    fight this tax. Future generations will bless your efforts and honor the memory of the saviors of their
    country.
    I urge you to tell your representatives that you do not support this terrible and burdensome law. Let them
    know what you think....
  • Bos tan "Massacre"

    Bos tan "Massacre"
    "Late in the afternoon of March 5, 1770, British sentries guarding the Boston Customs House shot into a crowd of civilians, killing three men and injuring eight, two of them mortally."
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    "In an effort to save the troubled enterprise, the British Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773. The act granted the company the right to ship its tea directly to the colonies without first landing it in England, and to commission agents who would have the sole right to sell tea in the colonies."
  • Battle of Lexington and concord

    Battle of Lexington and concord
    The first battle of the Revolutionary war was fought in Massachusetts on April 19, 1775. British troops moved from Boston toward Lexington and Concord to seize the colonist's military supplies
    and arrest their revolutionaries.
  • Battle Of Bunker Hill

    Battle Of Bunker Hill
    The real first “battle” of the Revolutionary War; It was fought near Boston. The British drove the Americans from their fort at Breed's Hill to Bunker Hill. Before retreating, the Americans killed many British troops
  • Common sense is published

    Common sense is published
    "Writing in clear and persuasive prose, Paine marshaled moral and political arguments to encourage common people in the Colonies to fight for egalitarian government. It was published anonymously on January 10, 1776, at the beginning of the American Revolution and became an immediate sensation."
  • Declaration of independence is published

    Declaration of independence is published
    By issuing the Declaration of Independence, adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, the 13 American colonies severed their political connections to Great Britain. The Declaration summarized the colonists' motivations for seeking independence.
  • Battle of Trenton

    Battle of Trenton
    General Washington led a winter attack through delaware river and
    attacked british camps at trenton after he defeated them he headed to new jersey
  • Battle Of Saratoga

    Battle Of Saratoga
    General Burgoyne headed toward Albany with Iroquois.
    The British lost and retreated to Saratoga. This was a big turning point in the war
  • blacks and indians join the revolution

    blacks and indians join the revolution
    "The Rhode Island Regiment needed men. The state's assembly decided to recruit enslaved African Americans, offering them freedom in return for their service. The 225-man regiment eventually included 140 black soldiers, the highest proportion of any Continental Army unit."
  • Battle of Kings Mountain

    Battle of Kings Mountain
    “The fierce firefight at Kings Mountain pitted Loyalist militia elements under the command of British major Patrick Ferguson against 900 patriots. The British effort to secure Loyalist support in the South was a failure. Thomas Jefferson called the battle "The turn of the tide of success."
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    "The Battle of Yorktown proved to be the decisive engagement of the American Revolution. The British surrender forecast the end of British rule in the colonies and the birth of a new nation—the United States of America."
  • The treaty of paris

    The treaty of paris
    This treaty, signed on September 3, 1783, between the American colonies and Great Britain, ended the American Revolution and formally recognized the United States as an independent nation.
  • shays rebellion

    shays rebellion
    "Shays' Rebellion was an armed uprising in Western Massachusetts and Worcester in response to a debt crisis among the citizenry and in opposition to the state government's increased efforts to collect taxes both on individuals and their trades. The fight took place mostly in and around Springfield during 1786 and 1787."
  • virginia plan is proposed

    virginia plan is proposed
    "Introduced to the Constitutional Convention in 1787, James Madison's Virginia Plan outlined a strong national government with three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. The plan called for a legislature divided into two bodies (the Senate and the House of Representatives) with proportional representation."
  • The United States Constitutional Convention

    The United States Constitutional Convention
    "The Constitutional Convention took place from May 14 to September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The point of the event was to decide how America was going to be governed. Although the Convention had been officially called to revise the existing Articles of Confederation, many delegates had much bigger plans."
  • New Jersey Plan is proposed

    New Jersey Plan is proposed
    "The document was a response to the Virginia Plan, which would have given proportional power to the states based on their number of citizens."
  • The Great Compromise

    The Great Compromise
    "It provided a dual system of congressional representation. In the House of Representatives, each state would be assigned a number of seats in proportion to its population"
  • Constitution is written

    Constitution is written
    "At the Constitutional Convention on September 17, 1787, Founding Father James Madison drafted what we know as the United States Constitution. 39 of the 55 delegates signed it, giving their unyielding approval."
  • George Washington Becomes president

    George Washington Becomes president
    "Under Washington's leadership, the states ratified the Bill of Rights, and five new states entered the union: North Carolina (1789), Rhode Island (1790), Vermont (1791), Kentucky (1792) and Tennessee (1796)."
  • John Adams becomes president

    John Adams becomes president
    "Adams signed the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts, and built up the Army and Navy in the undeclared naval war (called the "Quasi-War") with France. During his term, he became the first president to reside in the executive mansion now known as the White House."
  • Thomas Jefferson Becomes President

    Thomas Jefferson Becomes President
    When Jefferson assumed the Presidency, the crisis in France had passed. He slashed Army and Navy expenditures, cut the budget, eliminated the tax on whiskey so unpopular in the West, yet reduced the national debt by a third.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    "In this transaction with France, signed on April 30, 1803, the United States purchased 828,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million. For roughly 4 cents an acre, the United States doubled its size, expanding the nation westward."
  • Alexander Hamilton Dies

    Alexander Hamilton Dies
    Vice President Burr ran for governor of New York State in 1804, and Hamilton campaigned against him as unworthy. Taking offense, Burr challenged him to a duel on July 11, 1804, in which Burr shot and mortally wounded Hamilton, who died the following day.
  • Speech to the Osage

    Speech to the Osage
    "The speech to the Osages by Tecumseh illustrates the dangers of the white men to the Indian tribes, and why the tribes should unite together against the white man. Tecumseh wants to create a harmonious environment in this speech between his tribe, and the tribe of the Osages."
  • James Madison becomes president

    James Madison becomes president
    ":James Madison, America's fourth President (1809-1817), made a major contribution to the ratification of the Constitution by writing The Federalist Papers, along with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay. In later years, he was referred to as the “Father of the Constitution.”'
  • Felix Grundy, Battle Cry of the War Hawks is written

    Felix Grundy, Battle Cry of the War Hawks is written
    Written to push for war against Britain. Britain's interference with American ships
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    War of 1812, (June 18, 1812–February 17, 1815), conflict fought between the United States and Great Britain over British violations of U.S. maritime rights. It ended with the exchange of ratifications of the Treaty of Ghent.
  • James Monroe Becomes President

    James Monroe Becomes President
    "Elected President of the United States in 1816 and in 1820, James Monroe resolved long-standing grievances with the British, acquired Florida from Spain in 1819, and proclaimed the “Monroe Doctrine” in 1823."
  • Missouri Comprimise

    Missouri Comprimise
    This legislation admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a non-slave state at the same time, so as not to upset the balance between slave and free states in the nation. It also outlawed slavery above the 36º 30' latitude line in the remainder of the Louisiana Territory.
  • Indian removal act

    Indian removal act
    "The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy."
  • Abe Lincoln is elected

    Abe Lincoln is elected
    He took advantage of the split in the Democratic Party and won a plurality of the vote.
  • The First Battle of Bull Run

    The First Battle of Bull Run
    "The First Battle of Bull Run (called First Manassas in the South) cost some 3,000 Union casualties, compared with 1,750 for the Confederates. Its outcome sent northerners who had expected a quick, decisive victory reeling, and gave rejoicing southerners a false hope that they themselves could pull off a swift victory."
  • Peninsula campaign

    Peninsula campaign
    "The operation, commanded by Major General George B. McClellan, was an amphibious turning movement against the Confederate States Army in Northern Virginia, intended to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond."
  • The Battle of Antietam

    The Battle of Antietam
    The Battle of Antietam was a Union victory. The Union lost approximately 12,400 men to the Confederate's 10,700, but the Union had driven the Confederates from the field and ended the Confederate invasion. The battle was Ohioan George McClellan's greatest success during the American Civil War.
  • Battle of stones river

    Battle of stones river
    "The Battle of Stones River, also known as the Second Battle of Murfreesboro, was a battle fought from December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863, in Middle Tennessee."
  • emancipation proclamation is issued

    emancipation proclamation is issued
    "President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, as the nation approached its third year of bloody civil war. The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free"
  • Shermans march

    Shermans march
    "Sherman's March to the Sea was an American Civil War campaign lasting from November 15 to December 21, 1864, in which Union Major General William Tecumseh Sherman led troops through the Confederate state of Georgia, pillaging the countryside and destroying both military outposts and civilian properties."
  • Lee Surrenders

    Lee Surrenders
    "In Appomattox, Virginia, on April 9, 1865, Robert E. Lee surrenders his 28,000 Confederate troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, effectively ending the American Civil War."
  • Frederick Douglas Death

    Frederick Douglas Death
    Frederick Douglass was a formerly enslaved man who became a prominent activist, author and public speaker. He became a leader in the abolitionist movement, which sought to end the practice of slavery, before and during the Civil War.