U.S History

Timeline created by Javier.J.Perez
In History
  • 1492

    Christopher columbus 'founds' the new world

    Christopher columbus 'founds' the new world
    Columbus landed in the caribbean in 1492 which kicked of the age of exploration in Europe
  • 1492

    Columbian Exchange Begins (1492)

    Columbian Exchange Begins (1492)
    Goods to New England and food and disease for the New world
  • Period: 1492 to

    European exploration Era

  • 1500

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins
    The Encomienda system was labor system were the Spanish would make the Native Americans due all the work
  • 1500

    Spanish Casta System Begins

    Spanish Casta System Begins
    It was a racial discrimination system that was ,made in New spain (Mexico)
  • Period: 1500 to

    Triangular Trade

  • Period: 1500 to

    Middle Passage

  • 1520

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans
    Small Pox spreads to Native Americans Manny die
  • 1521

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes Conquered the Aztec Empire

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes Conquered the Aztec Empire
    Hernan Cortes conquers Mexico for spain
  • 1534

    England Splits from the Catholic Church

    England Splits from the Catholic Church
    King Henry VIII wanted to get re married so he split from the Catholic Church and made the church of England
  • London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony

    London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony
    London Company would pay for travel for the New world
  • Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded

    Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded
    First permanent English settlement in north America (The new world)
  • Period: to

    Colonial Era

  • French founded Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade

    French founded Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade
    The french founded quebec and started the fur trade with the Native Americans
  • Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe (1611)

    Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe (1611)
    The toboca was a succes maxing Virgina a lot of money of it
  • First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony (1619)

  • Virginia House of Burgesses

    Virginia House of Burgesses
    Virginia House of Burgesses was the first legislative and democratic government in America.
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded (1620)

  • Mayflower Compact (1620)

    Mayflower Compact (1620)
    First Idea of self government
  • New Hampshire Founded (1623)

  • Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland (1625)

  • “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop (1630)

  • The Great Migration to Massachusetts Bay Colony (1630)

  • Maryland Founded (1634)

  • Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut (1635)

  • Pequot War

    Pequot War
    The Pequot war all started over who had control over the fur trade (The British won)
  • Roger Williams Founded Rhode Island (1636)

  • Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts (1636)

  • Delaware Founded (1638)

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639)

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639)
    How the government of connecticut was gonna be set up
  • Maryland Toleration Act (1649)

    Maryland Toleration Act (1649)
    The Maryland Toleration Act made sure to give freedom of religion to christian settlers
  • North Carolina Founded (1653)

  • Iroquois Confederacy Formed (1660)

  • Navigation Acts and Mercantilism (1660)

  • South Carolina Founded (1663)

  • New York Funded (1664)

  • New Jersey Founded (1664)

  • King Philip's War

    King Philip's War
    Wampanoag killed many colonist causing a war with the colonist and their native american allies ending with the colonist winning
  • Bacon’s Rebellion

    Bacon’s Rebellion
    A rebellion with indentured servants and slaves in jamestown (After that indentured servants were not a thing because they were afraid of a nother rebellion)
  • Pueblo Revolt

    Pueblo Revolt
    Pueblo Revolt was a rebellion were the indigenous people of current day mexico tried to fight of the spanish colonizers
  • Quaker William Penn Founded Pennsylvania (1682)

  • Period: to

    Enlightenment Era

  • John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government Published (1689)

  • English Bill of Rights (1689)

    English Bill of Rights (1689)
    It gave the colonist freedom of speech to complain about the monarchy
  • Salem Witch Trials

    Salem Witch Trials
    Many people (Mostly women) were being accused about being witches and were killed
  • Period: to

    Salutary Neglect Policy [TIMESPAN: 1700-1763]

  • The Great Awakening (1730)

  • Georgia Founded as a Debtors Colony (1732)

  • Stono Rebellion (1739)

  • French and Indian War Begins (1754)

    French and Indian War Begins (1754)
    The french and indian war happen over a discussion over the Ohio river which ended up letting the Colonist and Great Britain Winning the war
  • Period: to

    : The Industrial Revolution (1760- 1840)

  • French and Indian War Ends (1763)

  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    Can't go west go west of the Appalachian mountain
  • Period: to

    Revolutionary Era

  • Period: to

    Republican Motherhood [TIMESPAN 1763-1781]

  • Sugar Act (1764)

  • Stamp Act (1765

    Stamp Act (1765
    The stamp act was a tax on legal documents (Birth certificates and printed materials(Books)
  • Quartering Act (1765)

    Quartering Act (1765)
    The quartering act forced the colonist to house the British soldiers
  • Townshend Acts (1767)

    Townshend Acts (1767)
    Taxes on imported goods that were sent to the colonist
  • Boston Massacre (1770)

  • Tea Act (1773)

    Tea Act (1773)
    The colonist were forced to but their tea from a certain company and be taxed on top of that
  • Boston Tea Party (1773)

    Boston Tea Party (1773)
    Tea was thrown off the boat into the harbor to protest the tea act
  • Intolerable Acts (1774)

    Intolerable Acts (1774)
    The Intolerable acts were laws that Great Britain made to punish the colonies for the boston Tea Party
  • First Continental Congress (1774

  • Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published

    Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published
    Thomas Paine wrote common sense to inspire the colonist to fight for their freedom from england and a democratic government
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord (1775)

  • Second Continental Congress (1775

  • Continental Army Lead by General George Washington

    Continental Army Lead by General George Washington
    During the revolutionary war George Washington was the leader of the continental army leading up to them beating great britain.
  • Declaration of Independence (1776)

    Declaration of Independence (1776)
    The declaration of independence states the ideas,goals and, beliefs of the 13 colonies/united states
  • Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador (1776)

  • Adam Smith Publishes “The Wealth of Nations” (1776)

  • Winter at Valley Forge (1777)

    Winter at Valley Forge (1777)
    Valley forge was were they had set up camp but there was a nasty winter causing many of the solider of the continental army to die.
  • Battle of Saratoga (1777)

    Battle of Saratoga (1777)
    The battle of saratoga inspired the french to help out the colonist to win their freedom from great britain.
  • Articles of Confederation (1777)

  • Period: to

    Abolition Movement (1780- 1860)

  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    The colonist and the french surrounded great britain allowing them to win the war.
  • Treaty of Paris of 1783 (1783)

  • Shays’ Rebellion (1786)

    Shays’ Rebellion (1786)
    An armed protest because they were being taxed to pay of the national debt
  • Federalist Papers (1787)

    Federalist Papers (1787)
    A series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison to ratify the constitution
  • Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention (1787)

  • U.S. Constitution (1787)

    U.S. Constitution (1787)
    The U.S constitution made the laws for america and what the citizens can and can't do.
  • The Great Compromise

    The Great Compromise
    Equal representation for both large and small states
  • The 3/5ths Compromise

    The 3/5ths Compromise
    For Every 3 slaves, would be counted for one person in the US population
  • Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution

    Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution
    The bill of rights was added to the constitution with 10 amendments
  • The French Revolution Begins

  • Washington Elected 1st President

    Washington Elected 1st President
    Washington was votes unanimously as the first president
  • Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet

  • Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital

  • Period: to 1840 BCE

    The Second Great Awakening (

  • Alexander Hamilton Gets Congress to Approve National Bank

  • Whiskey Rebellion (1791)

  • Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts Invented by Eli Whitney (1794)

    Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts Invented by Eli Whitney (1794)
    Eli whitney makes the cotton gin to make coton quicker to harvest (Made it originally to end slavery but increased it on accident) made interchangeable parts that could work with other objects
  • Washington’s Farewell Address (1796)

    Washington’s Farewell Address (1796)
    Washington resides as the 1st president and gives advice on how to run america
  • First Two-Party System Created (Dem-Rep vs Federalist) (1797)

  • John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President (1797)

    John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President (1797)
    John Adams was elected as the second president of the united states was a federalist
  • XYZ Affair

  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
    Changed the way citizenship would work and gave the president the rights to deport people,arrest them and put them in jail during times of war.
  • Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions (1798)

  • Election of 1800 and the Start of the Jeffersonian Era (1800)

  • The Market Revolution Begins (1800)

    The Market Revolution Begins (1800)
    Factories open up and brings jobs to all people.
  • Cult of Domesticity Begins (1800)

  • Period: to

    Manifest Destiny (1800- 1860)

  • Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President (1801)

    Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President (1801)
    Thomas Jefore was elected the third president of the united states (went under the Democratic Republican Party)
  • Steam Locomotive Invented in Great Britain (1802)

    Steam Locomotive Invented in Great Britain (1802)
    The fist steam Locomotive that was made in Great Britain and was used for transportation on the rails.
  • Louisiana Purchase (1803)

    Louisiana Purchase (1803)
    Land deal between USA and france that almost doubled the size of America overnight
  • Marbury v. Madison (1803)

  • James Madison (Democratic Republican) Elected 4th President (1809)

  • British Impressment of US Sailors (1812)

    British Impressment of US Sailors (1812)
    Great Britain would kidnap USA sailors and force them to join the british navy.
  • War Hawks in Congress Support War Against British (1812)

  • War of 1812 Begins (1812)

    War of 1812 Begins (1812)
    War of 1812 begins after America has had enough of great britain kidnapping there sailures.
  • Francis Scott Key Writes the Star-Spangled Banner (1814)

    Francis Scott Key Writes the Star-Spangled Banner (1814)
    Francis Scott wrote this poem during the war of 1812 that would latter go on to become the national anthem.
  • Treaty of Ghent (1814)

    Treaty of Ghent (1814)
    The Treaty that ended the war of 1812
  • Federalist Party Collapses (1815)

  • Period: to

    : Era of Good Feelings (1815- 1825)

  • Tariff of 1816 (1816)

    Tariff of 1816 (1816)
    Taxes would be placed on foreign goods to make convince americans to buy american.
  • James Monroe (Democratic Republican) Elected 5th President (1817)

  • Adam- Onis Treaty/ Spain Ceded Florida to U.S. (1819)

  • Compromise of 1820 (1820)

    Compromise of 1820 (1820)
    A compromise that made missouri a slave state.
  • Universal Male Suffrage Begins to Rise (1820)

  • Monroe Doctrine (1823)

    Monroe Doctrine (1823)
    No colonization on american land (Keep people out of america so they don't claim land)
  • Henry Clay’s “American System” (1824)

  • Erie Canal Built (1825)

    Erie Canal Built (1825)
  • John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) Elected 6th President (1825)

    John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) Elected 6th President (1825)
    John quincy Adams was elected the 6th president of the united stares (Ran under the democratic republican)
  • Lowell, Massachusetts Textile Mill Employs Women (1826)

    Lowell, Massachusetts Textile Mill Employs Women (1826)
    Lowell Massachusetts a textile mill that mostly hired women and children
  • Andrew Jackson (Democrat) Elected 7th President (1829)

    Andrew Jackson (Democrat) Elected 7th President (1829)
    Andrew Jackson was the 7th president (Ran as democrat)
  • Second Two-Party System Created (Democrats vs Whigs) (1829)

  • Indian Removal Act (1830)

  • Abolition Movement Begins (1830)

  • Congress Passes Preemption Acts (1830)

  • Trail of Tears Begins (1831)

    Trail of Tears Begins (1831)
    The army would make the Native Americans (Cherokee) march to oklahoma
  • William Lloyd Garrison Publishes Abolitionist Newspaper “The Liberator” (1831)

  • Andrew Jackson Vetoes National Bank (1832)

  • Nullification Crisis (1832)

    Nullification Crisis (1832)
    South carolina refused to pay taxes and Jackson sent the military to go make them pay their taxes.
  • Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico (1836)

  • Horace Mann Advocates for Public Schools (1840)

    Horace Mann Advocates for Public Schools (1840)
    Horsace Man believes that children should revive a free education and advocates for free public schools.
  • Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North (1840)

  • Federal Support Given to Samuel Morse to Construct Telegraph Lines (1842)

  • Dorothea Dix Advocates for Mentally Ill and Prison Reform (1843)

  • James K. Polk Elected US President (Democrat) (1844)

  • Irish Potato Famine Begins (1845)

    Irish Potato Famine Begins (1845)
    Potato crop in Ireland would go on and rote causing many people to starve as potato was the three main food source.
  • Frederick Douglass writes autobiography “Narrative of the Life of an American Slave” (1845)

  • Texas Annexation by the United States (1845)

  • Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave” (1845)

  • Oregon Territory Divided Between British and U.S. (1846)

  • Mexican American War Begins (1846)

  • Wilmot Proviso (1846)

  • Seneca Falls Convention (1848)

  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends (1848)

  • Mexican Cession (1848)

  • Free Soil Movement Begins (1848)

  • California Gold Rush (1849)

    California Gold Rush (1849)
    Gold was found in California many people went over to look for gold
  • Compromise of 1850 (1850)

    Compromise of 1850 (1850)
    California was added as a free state,Mexican cession was divided into the two territories, New Mexico and Utah(Ran on Popular soverthy), the Fugitive Slave Act was passed to catch runaway slaves and return them to their masters
  • Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850 (1850)

    Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850 (1850)
    If any salve had run away (Mostly to the north) they would have to be returned back to their salve master.
  • Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad (1850)

    Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad (1850)
    Harriet Tubman escaped her plantation and went back to help free other slaves
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” (1852)

    Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” (1852)
    Influenced the abolitionist movement in the north
  • Gadsden Purchase (1853)

    Gadsden Purchase (1853)
    United State payed Mexico $10 million for a 29,670 square mile portion of Mexico that later became part of Arizona and New Mexico.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)

    Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)
    It was an act that would allow the state to run on popular soverthy allowing them to vote if the stare wasd a free or a slave state
  • Bleeding Kansas Begins (1854)

    Bleeding Kansas Begins (1854)
    Violence in nebraska to see if it would run as a slave state or free state
  • Republican Party Created (1854)

    Republican Party Created (1854)
    The early Republican Party consisted of northern Protestants, factory workers, professionals, businessmen, prosperous farmers
  • Caning of Senator Sumner (1856)

  • Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857)

  • John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia (1859)

  • Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860 (1860)

    Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860 (1860)
    Abraham lincoln wins the election of 1860 with many states planning to leave the union if he won the presidency
  • Seven Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America (1861)

  • Democrat Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy (1861)

  • Battle of Fort Sumter (1861)

    Battle of Fort Sumter (1861)
    Battle of fort Sumter is were the first shot in the american civil war took place
  • Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus (1861)

  • Period: to

    The Civil War (1861-1865)

  • Emancipation Proclamation (1862)

    Emancipation Proclamation (1862)
    Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation allowing any slaves in the succeeding territories free.
  • Homestead Act (1862)

    Homestead Act (1862)
    gave citizens or future citizens up to 160 acres of public land provided they live on it, improve it, and pay a small registration fee.
  • Battle of Vicksburg (1863)

    Battle of Vicksburg (1863)
    In the Battle Of Vicksburg the union was able to defeat the south and gain control over the mississippi river and chock out the supply.
  • Battle of Gettysburg (1863)

    Battle of Gettysburg (1863)
    One of the bloodiest battles of the civil war lasting only 3 days with the union claiming victory
  • Gettysburg Address (1863)

    Gettysburg Address (1863)
    A speech that lincoln gave to honor all of the fallen soldier during the civil war.
  • Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House (1865)

    Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House (1865)
    General Lee surrenders at the Appomattox Court house ending the Civil War
  • President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth (1865)

    President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth (1865)
    John Wilkes Booth, assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C
  • President Andrew Johnson Becomes President (1865)

    President Andrew Johnson Becomes President (1865)
    After the death of Abraham Lincoln Vice President Andrew Jackson took over as president.
  • Johnson Pardons the South (1865)

  • Radical Republicans Champion for Black Civil Rights in Congress (1865)

  • 13th Amendment (1865)

    13th Amendment (1865)
    Abolished slavery in the United States
  • Freedmen’s Bureau Created (1865)

    Freedmen’s Bureau Created (1865)
    help millions of former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the Civil War.(South did not want it)
  • Sharecropping Begins in the South (1865)

    Sharecropping Begins in the South (1865)
    Were large plantation owners would let people grow stuff on their land as long as they got half of the proffit
  • Black Codes First Passed in the South (1865)

    Black Codes First Passed in the South (1865)
    Laws passed by the south to limit the rights of African Americans
  • Ku Klux Klan Formed (1865)

    Ku Klux Klan Formed (1865)
    A group of white southerners who strongly heated African Americans
  • “Scalawags and Carpetbaggers” (1865)

  • Period: to

    Reconstruction Era (1865- 1877)

  • Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson (1868)

    Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson (1868)
    The impeachment of Andrew Johnson when he was accused for high crimes and misdemeanors,
  • 14th Amendment (1868)

    14th Amendment (1868)
    Granted citizenship to all people who were born or naturalized in the United States, which included former slaves recently freed.
  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed (1869)

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed (1869)
    Railroads were completed connecting the untried states allowing for quicker travel
  • 15th Amendment (1870)

    15th Amendment (1870)
    Gave the right that any male citizens can vote
  • Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate) (1870)

  • Industrialization Begins to Boom (1870)

  • Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity (1870)

  • Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity (1870)

  • Nativism Spreads (1870)

  • Jim Crow Laws Begin in South (1870)

    Jim Crow Laws Begin in South (1870)
    Racial segregation on public places and property
  • The “New South” wants Industrialization (1870)

  • Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller (1870)

    Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller (1870)
    John D. Rockefeller Starts an Oil Company and later become the richest man in the world
  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall (1871)

    Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall (1871)
    Helped Immigrants but was highly corrupt as he stole millions in taxes
  • Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell (1876)

    Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell (1876)
    Allows for quicker form of conversation
  • Reconstruction Ends (1877)

  • Period: to

    Gilded Age (1877- 1890)

  • Light Bulb Invented by Thomas Edison (1878)

    Light Bulb Invented by Thomas Edison (1878)
    Allowed for factories to be open after dark
  • 3rd Wave of Immigration: “New Immigrants” (1880)

  • Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)

    Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
    prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
  • Pendleton Act (1883)

    Pendleton Act (1883)
    Federal Government jobs be awarded on the basis of merit and that Government employees be selected through competitive exams. ... The act also made it unlawful to fire or demote for political reasons employees who were covered by the law.
  • Haymarket Massacre (1886)

    Haymarket Massacre (1886)
    violent confrontation that arose between police and labour protesters
  • Dawes Act (1887)

    Dawes Act (1887)
    Native American land is spilt up and sold and only way for them to keep their land is to confirm and leave their traditions.
  • Interstate Commerce Act (1887)

    Interstate Commerce Act (1887)
    A United States federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry, particularly its monopolistic practices.
  • Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth” (1889)

    Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth” (1889)
    Andrew Carnegie believe that wealthy people should use their money to benefit society while they were still alive.
  • Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)

    Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)
    Prohibits activities that restrict interstate commerce and competition in the marketplace.
  • Homestead Steel Labor Strike (1892)

  • Carnegie Steel Company Founded by Andrew Carnegie (1892)

  • Pullman Labor Strike (1894)

    Pullman Labor Strike (1894)
    Was a widespread railroad strike and boycott that disrupted rail traffic in the U.S.
  • Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court Case (1896)