Ap U.S. History

Timeline created by Taylorsam
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus "Finds" New World

    Christopher Columbus "Finds" New World
    Christopher Columbus first arrives in the Americas,, falsely discovering the new world , although he though he landed in Asia.
  • 1492

    Columbian Exchange begins

    Columbian Exchange begins
    The exchange of plant, animals, diseases, and people between the new world and old world.
  • Period: 1492 to

    European Exploration Era

  • 1500

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins
    A labor system developed by the Spanish to enslave Native Americans to farm and mine in the Americas
  • 1500

    Spanish Caste System Begins

    Spanish Caste System Begins
    System of social classification the Spanish used to identify the natives. Example: Peninsulares , Creoles, Mulattoes, Africans/ Natives.
  • Period: 1500 to

    Triangular Trade

    A system of exchange, Europe supplied African and the Americas with manufactured goods and technologies, the Americas supplied Europe and Africa with raw materials, lastly Africa supplied the Americas with enslaved workers.
  • Period: 1500 to

    Middle Passage

    Captured African slaves being transported to the Americas , Europeans slave traders changed goods for enslaved people.
  • 1520

    Small Pox Beings Spreading to Native Americans

    Small Pox Beings Spreading to Native Americans
    Due to Columbian exchange 90 % Native Americans / Indigenous population died off due to small pox.
  • 1521

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire

  • 1534

    England Splits from the Catholic Church

    England Splits from the Catholic Church
    Puritans broke away from the Church of England to seek religious freedom.
  • London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony

  • Jamestowns, Virginia Colony Founded

    Jamestowns, Virginia Colony Founded
    The first successful/ permanent English colony established in the Virginia colony.
  • Period: to

    Colonial Era

  • French found Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade

  • Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe

    Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe
    John Rolfe discovered humid and rich soil was good for growing the cash-crop - Tobacco, how southern colonies made money.
  • First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony

  • Virginia House of Burgesses

    Virginia House of Burgesses
    The first representative government in the colonial Virginia elected by the people of the Virginia colony who passed ordinances and approved taxes.
  • Georgia founded as a debtors colony

  • Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded

    Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded
    One of the successful English colony in the Americas. * (P.P.P) - Puritans, prayer, and Plymouth
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    Constitution that established self-government , allowing 40 males of the Puritan church to participate in elections for representative assembly and governor.
  • New Hampshire Founded

  • Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland

  • "City upon a Hill" John Winthrop

    "City upon a Hill" John Winthrop
    Large group of English Puritans left England establishing the Massachusetts Bay Colony . John Winthrop, first governor of the Massachusetts Bay created a model of reformed Protestantism. " Where men were free to do only good, and honest" -Civil Liberty
  • The Great Migration to Massachusetts Bay Colony

  • Maryland Founded

  • o Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut

  • Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island

  • Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts

    Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts
    The Puritans founded Harvard in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1636 in order to give candidates for the ministry a proper theological and scholarly education. *Colonial colleges promoted the doctrines of a particular religious group.
  • Delaware Founded

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    A document that established a representative government in Connecticut, featuring a legislature elected by a popular vote and a governor elected by the legislature.
  • Maryland Toleration Act

  • Iroquois Confederacy Formed

  • Navigation Acts and Mercantilism

    Navigation Acts and Mercantilism
    A series of laws passed by the British Parliament that imposed restrictions on Colonial trade . * only able to do shipping trade between English and its colonies " Taxation without representation"
  • South Carolina

  • New Jersey Founded

  • New York Founded

  • King Philips War

    King Philips War
    This was an armed conflict between English colonists and the American Indians of New England in the 17th century. It was the Native-American's last major effort to drive the English colonists out of New England.
  • Bacon's Rebellion

  • Pueblo Revolt

  • Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania

  • Period: to

    Enlightenment Era

    People began to explore scientific oberservation and reason., Questioning authority and government . * John Locke ( Natural rights) , ( Life, liberty, property) , ( Social contract)
  • English Bills of Rights

  • John Locke's Two Treatises of Government Published

  • Salem Witch Trails

    Salem Witch Trails
    A series of investigations and persecutions convicting women as witches in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • Period: to

    Salutary Neglect Policy

  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    Protestant Evangelicalism / Religious Revival - Caused divisions within churches, such as the Congregational and Presbyterian
  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    Armed slaves attempting to gain freedom that took place South Carolina.
  • French and Indian war begins

    French and Indian war begins
    The French provoked the war by building a chain of forts in the Ohio River Valley. One of the reasons the French did so was to halt the westward growth of the British colonies.
  • Period: to

    The Industrial Revolution

  • Proclamation line of 1763

    Proclamation line of 1763
    the British government issued a proclamation that prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. The British hoped that limiting settlements would prevent future hostilities between colonists and the American Indians.
  • French and Indian War Ends

    French and Indian War Ends
    1763 Peace of Paris ends the Sevens Years War, Great Britain wins victory and gains more power and land from the French. leads to the British extending their control of North America, and the French power on the continent virtually ended.
  • Period: to

    Republican Motherhood

    "Republican Motherhood" is an 18th-century term for an attitude toward women's roles present in the emerging United States. Idea that gave women more purpose to educate themselves and young children
  • Period: to

    Revolutionary Era

  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    British parliament passed the Stamp Act to help pay down the war debt and finance the British army’s presence in the Americas. It was the first internal tax directly levied on American colonists by parliament and was met with strong resistance. Taxes on newspaper and legal documents.
  • Sugar Act

  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    The act that required colonist to house British solders without refusal ..
  • Townshend Act

    Townshend Act
    A tax the British Parliament passed , which was placed on lead, glass, paint, and tea.
  • Boston Massacre

  • Tea Act

  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    The destruction of tea thrown over board as a response to British taxation polices in the North American Colonies
  • First continental congress

    First continental congress
    Colonies established their unity agreeing to boycott all British goods and services.
  • Intolerable Act

    Intolerable Act
    Laws passed by the British Parliament meant to punish the colonist due to the Boston Tea Party
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Wrote the Olive Branch Petition to King George III , King George III denied request and formed continental army
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Battle of Lexington and Concord
    The first military clashes of the American Revolutionary War, Colonist wanted self government. " The shot heard around the world'
  • Thomas Paine's Common Sense Published

    Thomas Paine's Common Sense Published
    A document that challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy, wanting independence from England and creating government.
  • Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador

  • Continental Army Lead by General George Washington

  • Declaration of Independence

  • o Adam Smith Publishes “The Wealth of Nations”

  • Battle of Saratoga

  • Winter at Valley Forge

  • o Articles of Confederation

    o	Articles of Confederation
    weak central government/ federal government/ national government
    example- shay's Rebellion
  • Period: to

    Abolition Movement

  • Battle of Yorktown

  • Treaty of Paris of 1783

  • o Shays’ Rebellion

  • o Federalist Papers

  • o Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention

    o	Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention
    -13 states = sends 50 total delegates
    -represents states, white men, college educated, wealthy, politicians,
  • o U.S. Constitution

  • o The 3/5ths Compromise

  • o Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution

  • o The French Revolution Begins

  • o Washington Elected 1st President

    o	Washington Elected 1st President
    George Washington Elected 1st president unanimously by electoral college.
  • o Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet

    o	Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet
    President cabinet had to be approved by the senate.
    Alexander Hamilton (secretary of treasury)
    Thomas Jefferson (secretary of State)
  • o Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital

  • Period: to

    The Second Great Awakening

  • Alexander Hamilton Gets Congress to Approve National Bank

  • o Whiskey Rebellion

    o	Whiskey Rebellion
    A protest of small farmers who could afford the Whiskey tax.
  • o Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts Invented by Eli Whitney

    o	Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts Invented by Eli Whitney
    Eli Whitney created the cotton gin, mechanical reaper, steel plow
    Cotton gin high demand in the south.
  • o Washington’s Farewell Address

    o	Washington’s Farewell Address
    Washington warning the Country after his term of presidency.
    - Don't borrow money= taxing more money
    - Don't make no enemies or friends
  • o First Two-Party System Created (Dem-Rep vs Federalist)

  • o John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President

    o	John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President
  • o XYZ Affair

    o	XYZ Affair
  • o Alien and Sedition Acts

    o	Alien and Sedition Acts
    Sedition Acts People were sent to jail for talking against the government, Aliens were immigrants sided with the French
  • o Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

    o	Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
    The states legislatures passed resolutions stating the acts are unlawful
    - Congress repealed the Alien& sedition Acts
    - Choose to disobey an unconstitutional law, they had the power to do that.
  • o Election of 1800 and the Start of the Jeffersonian Era

  • o The Market Revolution Begins

  • o Cult of Domesticity Begins

  • Period: to

    Manifest Denstiny

    Expansionists wanted to see the United States extend westward to the Pacific Ocean
  • Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President

    Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President
  • o Steam Locomotive Invented in Great Britain

  • o Steam Locomotive Invented in Great Britain

  • o Louisiana Purchase

    o	Louisiana Purchase
    The French sold land to Thomas Jefferson and the United States doubles in Size.
  • o Marbury v. Madison

  • o James Madison (Democratic Republican) Elected 4th President

  • o British Impressment of US Sailors

    o	British Impressment of US Sailors
    . The English navy impressed, or kidnapped, men off American ships and forced them to join the English navy.
  • o War Hawks in Congress Support War Against British

    o	War Hawks in Congress Support War Against British
    The war-hawk members of Congress argued that war with Britain would be the only way to defend American honor, gain parts of Canada, and destroy American Indian resistance on the western frontier.
  • o War of 1812 Begins

    o	War of 1812 Begins
    On July 1812, president James Madison and Congress declared ward on Britain.
  • o Francis Scott Key Writes the Star Spangled Banner

    o	Francis Scott Key Writes the Star Spangled Banner
    The American victory in Baltimore Harbor was witnessed by Francis Scott Key, a young poet-lawyer who had been sent aboard a British warship seeing his country's flag still flying over the fort the next morning inspired him to write the Star Spangled Banner
  • o Treaty of Ghent

    o	Treaty of Ghent
    America signed a treaty with British after running low on sources to declare peace. The British not the American won the War of 1812.
  • o Federalist Party Collapses

  • Period: to

    : Era of Good Feelings

    A period where the years were marked by a spirt of nationalism, optimism, and goodwill
  • o Tariff of 1816

    o	Tariff of 1816
    Congress levied low tariff on imported as a method for raising government revenue.
  • o James Monroe (Democratic Republican) Elected 5th President

  • o Adam- Onis Treaty/ Spain Ceded Florida to U.S.

  • o Compromise of 1820

    o	Compromise of 1820
    Missouri Compromise where the north and south divide , only the southern states below the line could have slaves plus Missouri while the other states above the line was free states.
  • Universal Male Suffrage Begins to Rise

    Universal Male Suffrage Begins to Rise
    Western states newly admitted to the union adopted state constitutions that allowed all white males regardless of their social class or religion to vote hold office.
  • o Monroe Doctrine

    o	Monroe Doctrine
    United States leaders protecting the North and South America from possible aggression by European power.
  • o Henry Clay’s “American System”

    o	Henry Clay’s “American System”
    Henry Clay from the house of representatives, propose a comprehensive method for advancing the nations economic growth.
    1.) protective tariffs 2.) national bank 3.) internal improvements
  • o Erie Canal Built

  • o John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) Elected 6th President

  • o Lowell, Massachusetts Textile Mill Employs Women

    o	Lowell, Massachusetts Textile Mill Employs Women
    The first opportunity for women to work to and to be economically independent .
  • o Andrew Jackson (Democrat) Elected 7th President

  • o Second Two-Party System Created (Democrats vs Whigs)

  • o Indian Removal Act

    o	Indian Removal Act
    A law that was signed to force the resettlement of thousands of American Indian west of the Mississippi.
  • o Abolition Movement Begins

  • Congress Passes Preemption Acts

  • o Trail of Tears Begins

    o	Trail of Tears Begins
    The hardships on the " Trails of Tears'' moving westward caused the deaths of 4,000 Cherokees.
  • o William Lloyd Garrison Publishes Abolitionist Newspaper “The Liberator”

  • o Andrew Jackson Vetos National Bank

  • o Nullification Crisis

    o	Nullification Crisis
    South Carolina attempt to nullify the federal tariff
  • o Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico

  • o Horace Mann Advocates for Public Schools

    o	Horace Mann Advocates for Public Schools
    Horace Mann wanted free public education and led the common school movement.
  • Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North

  • o Federal Support Given to Samuel Morse to Construct Telegraph Lines

  • o Federal Support Given to Samuel Morse to Construct Telegraph Lines

  • o Dorothea Dix Advocates for Mentally Ill and Prison Reform

    o	Dorothea Dix Advocates for Mentally Ill and Prison Reform
    Dorothea Dix want prison reform and help for the mentally ill who where placed in jail.
  • James K. Polk Elected US president (democrat)

    James K. Polk Elected US president (democrat)
    Supported the idea of Manifest Destiny and westward expansion
  • o Irish Potato Famine Begins

    o	Irish Potato Famine Begins
    Irelands man source of food was potato which became scare due to a disease that spread through the crops causing them to rot.
  • o Frederick Douglass writes autobiography “Narrative of the Life of an American Slave”

  • rederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave”

  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    Unsuccessful proposal to ban slavery in territory acquired from Mexican American War, allowing the northerns to support the proposal but no the southerners.
  • Mexican American War Begins

    Mexican American War Begins
    Caused by the United States of Texas quickly led to diplomatic trouble with mexican.
  • Texas Annexation by the United States

  • o Oregon Territory Divided Between British and U.S. (1846)

  • o Seneca Falls Convention

    o	Seneca Falls Convention
    Seneca Falls Convention (NY) in 1848 that was for women’s rights. Elizabeth Cady Stanton with the help of Quakers formed this meeting.
  • Free-Soil Movement Started

    Free-Soil Movement Started
    The soil-movement is when the Northern Democrats and Whigs supported the position that all African Americans (Free and Slave) should be excluded from the Mexican Cession .
  • o Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends

  • Mexican Cession

  • California Gold Rush

  • Compromise of 1850

    Political argument about weather the new territories from the Mexican American War would become slave or free slave states
  • Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850

    Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850
    The fugitive slave law was when all slaves that would escape had to be returned because they were considered as property.
  • o Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad

  • o Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”

  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    United States President Pierce succeeded in adding a strip of land to the American Southwest for a railroad.
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    Caused by the creation of Kansas and Nebraska opening new land for settlement , which repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 reopening the slavery in the western expansion.
  • Bleeding Kansas Begins

    Bleeding Kansas Begins
    A series of violent events between abolitionist and people who were pro-slavery.
  • o Republican Party Created

  • o Republican Party Created

  • Caning of Senator Sumner

  • o Dred Scott v. Sandford

  • o John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia

  • o Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860

  • even Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America

  • o Democrat Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy

  • o Battle of Fort Sumter

  • o Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus

  • Period: to

    Civil War

    A war between the Union and Southern Confederate states.
  • o Emancipation Proclamation

  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    Law signed by Abraham Lincoln to turn over vast amounts of the public domain to private citizens
  • Battle of Vicksburg

    Battle of Vicksburg
    Union victory in the Mississippi River Valley that split the confederacy from east to west.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    A brutal Union victory against the confederacy which halted General Robert E. Lee's invasion of the North= south confidence shaken.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    The addressed showed America's dedication to nationalism, equal rights, republicanism, democracy, and liberty.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Lincoln pushed congress to pass this amendment which completely abolished slavery
  • Scalawags and Carpetbaggers

    Scalawags and Carpetbaggers
    Southern republicans were "scalawags" and Northerners newcomers where "carpetbaggers"
  • Sharecropping

    Sharecropping
    A system where individuals works land for an owner who provides equipments but receives a share of the workers profit
  • Ku Klux Klan Formed

    Ku Klux Klan Formed
    Group of whites in the south organized a secret societies to intimidate blacks
  • Black Codes First Passed in the South

    Black Codes First Passed in the South
    Laws that restricted the rights and movements of the former slaves.
  • Freedmens Bureau Created

    Freedmens Bureau Created
    A welfare agency created by the congress to provide food, shelter, and medical aid for mostly freedslaves and homeless whites
  • o President Andrew Johnson Becomes President

    o	President Andrew Johnson Becomes President
    Vice President Andrew Johnson becomes 17th United States president.
  • Radical Republicans Champion for Black Civil Rights in Congress

    Radical Republicans Champion for Black Civil Rights in Congress
    Harsher on Southern whites and more protective of freed African Americans
  • Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House

    Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House
    Battle in which Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant
  • President Abraham Lincoln Assasssinatedd by Jon Wilkes Booth

    President Abraham Lincoln Assasssinatedd by Jon Wilkes Booth
    President Lincoln was shot and killed by John Wilkes Booth at Fords Theater in D.C.
  • o Johnson Pardons the South

  • Period: to

    Reconstruction Era

    A period following the Civil War which brought former confederate states and granted African Americans significant rights
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Congress passed the 14th Amendment which declared that all persons born naturalized in the United States were citizens = rights
  • Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

    Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson
    Radical republicans on Congress attempted to impeach and remove President Johnson from office using the Tenure of office Act in 1868
  • Transcontinental Railroad completed

    Constructed between 1863 and 1869, it was a continous railroad line that connected the eastern U.S. rail network with the pacific coast on San Francisco (East to West
  • 15 Amendment

    15 Amendment
    African American men gained the right to vote
  • Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate)

    Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate)
    First African American elected into the United State congress as Senate
  • Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity

    Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity
    Social Darwinism is the belief that Darwin's idea of the natural selection and survival of the fittest should be applied to the marketplace, led by Herbert Spencer
  • Nativism Spreads

    Nativism Spreads
    American or those who opposed immigration to the United States
  • Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller

    Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller
    Standard oil company, controlled over 90% of the U.S. oil refinings
  • The “New South” wants Industrialization

    	The “New South” wants Industrialization
    Southerners promoted new vision for a self-sufficient southern economy built on modern capitalist values, industrial growth and improved transportation
  • Industrialization begins to boom

    The growth of American Industry raised the standard of living for most people. Growth created sharper economic and class divisions amongst the rich, the middle, and the poor.
  • Jim Crow Laws Begin in South

  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
    Democratic Party Political Machine led by Boss Tweed, they helped Irish immigrants in cities but for exchange of a vote
  • Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell

  • Reconstruction Ends

  • Period: to

    Gilded Age

    Late 1800s era in the United States that seemed successful on the outside but was politically and economically corrupt with serious social problems internally.
  • Light Bulb invented by Thomas Edison

    Light Bulb invented by Thomas Edison
    Light bulb was invented by thomas edison allowing factories to stay open after dark
  • 3rd Wave of Immigration: “New Immigrants”

    3rd Wave of Immigration: “New Immigrants”
    In the late 19th century the United state's population tripled as immigrants arrived from europe
  • Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882

    Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882
    United States federal law prohibiting all immigration of chinese laborers for 10 years
  • Pendleton Act

    Pendleton Act
    U.S. federal law requiring federal jobs to be awarded on the basis of merit rather than the spoils system
  • Haymarket Massacre

  • Interstate Commerce Act

    Interstate Commerce Act
    U.S. federal law that was designed to regulate the railroad industry which required railroad rates to be " reasonable and just"
  • Dawes Act

  • Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”

    Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”
    Book of philanthropy, a guide that it is a moral obligation to help the less fortunate
  • Sherman Antitrust Act

    Sherman Antitrust Act
    U.S federal law that forbade any organizations that interfered with free trade by prohibiting monopolies or any activiy that hindered business competition
  • Carnegie Steel Company Founded by Andrew Carnegie

    Carnegie Steel Company Founded by Andrew Carnegie
    Carnegie Steel Corporation became the biggest steel company resulting to it turning into a monopoly
  • Homestead Steel labor Strike

  • Pullman Labor Strike

  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    Supreme Court ruled segregation was legal "Separate but equal "