U.S History 1 RECAP

By Anahli
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    An Italian explorer sailing for Spain who believed that Asia (India) could be reached by sailing west from Europe. His first voyage was in 1492, wherein he discovered North America (Caribbean islands) and named it the West Indies. He will make four voyages to the new world without fully realizing what he had discovered.
  • Period: 1492 to

    U.S History 1 RECAP

  • Jamestown

    This colony was a private venture that was organized and financed by the Virginia Company. It was established on May 14, 1607. First permanent English settlement in North America. It is now located near present day Williamsburg Virginia.
  • Plymouth

    In 1620 a group of 100 men and women who would later be known as pilgrims set sail for the New World on the Mayflower. By winter the ship had anchored at Plymouth rock.They went through a rough winter and those who survived made peace treaties with the neighboring Native American tribes and were able to build a self-sufficient economy.Plymouth was the first settlement in New England.
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    Massachusetts Bay Colony
    In 1630 about 1000 Puritan refugees settled in one of the original English settlements (Massachusetts Bay Colony) in what is now present-day Massachusetts. The puritans established a theocratic government limited to church members. The company charter was annulled and 1684, in 1691 the charter merged the Plymouth colony and Maine into the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
  • The Middle Colonies

    The Middle Colonies
    It was a territory between New England and Virginia. It was a prosperous place people wanted to migrate to because of the fertile land and religious toleration.
  • New England Colonies

    New England Colonies
    Pilgrims arrived in Plymouth in 1620 to found Plymouth colony. As years went on settlements expanded and that generated new colonies in New England.
  • Southern Colonies

    Southern Colonies
    It was known as the Carolina Colony, this colony heavily relied on African slave labor. It stretched south from Virginia to Florida, and west to the Pacific.
  • Great Awakening

    Great Awakening
    The Great Awakening was a religious revival in the British-American Colonies. It was a reaction between the secularization of society and how they were against the nature of the principal churches in the American Society.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    It was also known as the 7 years war. This war came to be, because of the imperial struggle between Britain and France.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    An attempt to raise revenue through direct taxation of all commercial and legal papers, newspapers, cards, pamphlets, etc.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A fight that broke out between British troops and a crowd in Boston, Massachusetts. As this massacre was widely publicized it contributed to the unpopular British rule.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    In protest to the tax on tea, 342 chests of tea belonging to the British were thrown into the Boston harbor, by American patriots.
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

    Battles of Lexington and Concord
    A fight between British regulars and American provincials, to mark the beginning of the American revolution.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence was a document that announced the separation of the American British colonies from Great Britain.
  • Valley Forge

    Valley Forge
    This was the encampment grounds in Pennsylvania of the Continental Army under General George Washington.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    This was the last major battle in the American Revolution. The outcome of this battle marked the conclusion of the last major battle during the American Revolution and the new nations independence.
  • American Revolutionary War

    American Revolutionary War
    Great Britain's North American colonies won political independence from the British and they went on to form the United States of America.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    The Articles were written to give congress power to regulate foreign affairs, appoint military officers, borrow money, etc. This written document provided the new nation with an "instructive experience in self-government."
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    A convention that drew up the Constitution of the United States. The convention met up at the Pennsylvania State house, this convention included many lead figures of this period; George Washington, James Madison, Benjamin Franklin, etc.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    The first 10 amendments in the constitution that reinforce individual rights and limitations on federal and state governments.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    This was the Western half of the Mississippi river basin that was purchased from France by the United States. This purchase doubled the size of the United states.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Lewis and Clark Expedition
    Lewis and Clark went on a U.S military expedition to explore the Louisiana purchase and the Pacific Northwest.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    A war fought between the United States and Great Britain over British violations of U.S maritime rights.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise, admitted Missouri to the Union as a salve state.
  • Election of 1824

    Election of 1824
    John Quincy Adams won the presidential election by getting more electoral votes through the house of representatives even though Andrew Jackson won both popular and electoral votes.
  • Industrial Revolution

    Industrial Revolution
    This was the process of change in which things that people had done themselves were now being produced by machinery and done in an industry.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    This act authorized the president to grant Indian tribes unsettled western prairie land in exchange for desirable territory within state borders.
  • Battle of the Alamo

    Battle of the Alamo
    The Battle of the Alamo was a war fought between Texas and Mexico for the independence of Texas. This battle is significant because although the Texans were vastly outnumbered by the Mexican force they held out for 13 days before finally beating Mexico. They had occupied the Alamo, so after they won that led to the battle cry "Remember the Alamo"
  • Mexican- American War

    Mexican- American War
    This was a war between Mexico and the U.S over the annexation of Texas on whether it ended at Nueces River(Mexico) or the Rio Grande(U.S)
  • Underground Railroad/ Harriet Tubman

    Underground Railroad/ Harriet Tubman
    The underground railroad was a system before the civil war in which escaped slaves were secretly helped by sympathetic Northerners. Harriet Tubman was an abolitionist that escaped slavery and helped many other slaves escape through the underground railroad as a "conductor."
  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    Five Laws passed that dealt with the issue of slavery and territorial expansion.
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    Large numbers of people seeking fortune flooded into California after gold was found in Sutter's Mill. More than 300,000 moved here during the Gold rush.
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin

    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    This was a novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, this was an abolitionist novel and it achieved wild popularity among the white readers because of how it vividly dramatized the experience of slavery,
  • Dred Scott decision

    Dred Scott decision
    The Dred Scott decision was a legal case in which a free slave, in a free state and territory that prohibited slavery was not entitled to his freedom and that African Americans could not and would never be citizens of the United States.
  • Lincoln-Douglas debates

    Lincoln-Douglas debates
    This was a series of seven debates between Republican Abraham Lincoln and Democratic Stephan A. Douglas during the 1858 senatorial campaign.
  • Bleeding Kansas

    Bleeding Kansas
    This was a small civil war fought between people for and against slavery for the new territory of Kansas.
  • Fort Sumter

    Fort Sumter
    After the confederate states seceded from the untied states this battle was the first battle of the civil war between the confederates and the union.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was signed by Abraham Lincoln, and this freed the slaves in the confederate states that were in rebellion against the union.
  • Battle of Gettysburg

    Battle of Gettysburg
    The Battle of Gettysburg is viewed as the turning point of the war, this major engagement was full of bloodshed. This war was won by the union.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    This was a speech given by President Lincoln at the dedication of the National cemetery at at Gettysburg Pennsylvania.
  • Middle Passage

    Middle Passage
    One leg of the triangular trade that took goods from Europe to African, and brought Africans to America to work as slaves.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Manifest Destiny continued territorial expansion of the boundaries of the United States westward toward the Pacific.
  • Confederate States of America

    Confederate States of America
    The Confederate States of America (Confederacy) were the 11 Southern states that seceded from the union
  • American Civil War

    American Civil War
    This war was a war between the states, this war lasted 4 years and was fought by the union and the confederacy. This was broke out because of the dispute of the slavery.
  • Appomattox

    This was one of the last battles of the American Civil War. This battle signaled the beginning of the end of the Civil War.
  • Abolitionist

    A person who favors the abolition of slavery.