Twentieth Century 1930-2000

Timeline created by CellistJonahKing
In Music
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    Arnold Schoenberg

    The father of 12-tone music; important as an innovator; teacher of Webern and Berg
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    Igor Stravinsky

    One of the most versatile and interesting composers of the 20th century; rhythmic style; harmonically interesting
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    Zoltan Kodaly

    Hungarian; ethnomusicologist, music educator; created moveable 'do' solfege system
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    Gian Francesco Malipiero

    Italian composer and musicologist; original and inventive
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    Edgard Varese

    French-American; wrote non-tonal music, focusing on elements other than pitch; innovative; took interest in electronic music and the idea of organized sound as music
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    Heitor Villa-Lobos

    Brazilian composer and cellist
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    Ernst Toch

    Austrian composer; awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1956 for his Symphony No. 3; prolific composer
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    Louis Durey

    Turned communist in 1936; not talked about much in music history; anti-USA
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    Frank Martin

    Swiss composer of French descent
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    Sergei Prokofiev

    Russian composer and pianist; important as a Russian voice in Western culture
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    Arthur Honegger

    From Switzerland; admired Bach
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    Darius Milhaud

    Friends with Satie; used polytonality; one of the first to use jazz in concert music; came to the United States in 1940
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    Germaine Tailleferre

    French composer; too modest; beautiful music
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    Paul Hindemith

    German conductor, teacher, author, and composer; wrote music for the practicing musician
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    William Grant Still

    American composer; the first African-American composer to have his symphony performed by a leading orchestra; the first black American to conduct a major orchestra; the first black American to write for radio, TV, and films; he incorporated folk idioms, jazz, and spirituals
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    Roger Sessions

    American composer, theorist, and teacher, atonal mostly; intense and dissonant
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    Virgil Thomson

    American composer, teacher, and conductor of Swedish ancestry; neo-romantic style
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    George Gershwin

    Influential American composer, pianist. and conductor who worked in Hollywood; he successfully fused jazz and pop music
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    Duke Ellington

    American jazz composer, band-leader and pianist; Created a unique style of big-band jazz; one of the first African-American composers to cross races with his music
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    Georges Auric

    French composer; by age 15 he had written over 200 works; wrote for French film
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    Francis Poulenc

    French composer; delicate and sometimes irreverent style; harmonically charming
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    Aaron Copland

    Most popular American composer of the 20th century; teacher, conductor, author; his music still has a special appeal to the American public
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    Louis Armstrong

    African-American jazz musician who revolutionized jazz; singer, band-leader, and trumpeter
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    Dimitri Shostakovich

    Versatile; the most important Russian composer working in Russia in his day
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    William Schuman

    American composer and teacher; used borrowed subjects
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    Samuel Barber

    American composer and accomplished singer; child prodigy and gifted melodist; continued with a successful conservative tonality in the midst of the 20th-century musical experimentations
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    John Cage

    American composer and philosopher; most innovative composer of the 20th century, changed the definition of music; used indeterminacy; he was the center of avant-garde music in the mid-20th century
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    The Great Depression

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    Stylistic Traits

    Melodic freedom; dissonant chords; polychords and tone clusters; 12 tone system; large scope of types of music; cadences are most predictable depending on the piece
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    Genres

    Maximalism and minimalism; impressionism; expressionism; jazz; serialism; electronic, primitivism
  • Electric Guitar Invented

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    World War II

  • Amplifier