Renaissance Timeline - Alex Suarez

  • 1390

    John Dunstable

    Leading English Composer for what became the Renaissance style
  • 1397

    Guillaume Dufay

    Franco-Flemish; the first important Renaissance composer; used older medieval cadences
  • 1400

    Gillies Binchois

    Early Renaissance composer, often paired with Dufay in importance; Court of the Duke of Burgundy(Philip the Good); Franco- Flemish
  • 1410

    Johannes Ockeghem

    Bass singer; served 3 Kings; well respected
  • 1430

    Antonie Busnoys

    His chansons represent a transition to a new Renaissance secular polyphony; known along with Ockeghem
  • 1430


  • Period: 1430 to


  • 1435

    Johannes Tinctoris

    Franco-Flemish theorist, singer, composer, instrumentalist
  • 1445

    Loyset Comere

    Franco-Flemish composer, singer; worked in France and Italy; one of the earliest composers to use imitation prominently
  • 1446

    Alexander Agricola

    Franco-Flemish; worked in France and Italy; his music was widely distributed
  • 1450

    Heinrich Isaac

    Franco-Flemish composer who influenced German music court composer to Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian I in Vienna; served in Florence as well
  • 1450

    Josquin des Prez

    Considered by Martin Lusher to be the best of the composers of their time; French
  • 1452

    Pierre de la Rue

    Leading composer at the Burgundian court; never worked in Italy; very famous during his time; frequent use of canon and ostinato
  • 1457

    Jacob Obrecht

    Made important contributions to large-scale forms and their unity; important composer of masses in Europe; Dutch
  • 1460

    Antonie Brumel

    Franco-Flemish; worked in France and Italy; prominently published in his day and praised by numerous contemporaries
  • 1465

    Marco Cara

    Italian composer and singer in Mantua; raised the frottla to a level of sophistication
  • 1466

    Ottaviano Petrucci

    First music printer and publisher; preserved Renaissance music for us today
  • 1470

    Bartolomeo Tromboncino

    Italian composer at Mantua, Vicenza (where he murdered his wife and her lover), Ferrara, and Florence; important frottola composer
  • 1480

    Philippe Verdelot

    French; worked in Italian cities, important pioneer for madrigals; early madrigals were often homorhythmic in style
  • 1483

    Martin Luther

    German theologian and composer; he was the founder of the Lutheran Church
  • 1485

    Constanzo Festa

    Italian composer; studied with mouton in Paris; worked in Rome; wrote litanies for double chorus
  • 1485

    Clement Janequin

    French; served the King of France; master of the French chanson; wrote famous programmatic chansons (battles, birds, and chases)
  • 1486

    Ludwig Senfl

    Swiss German composer and singer Catholic, but admired Luther; master of quodlibets
  • 1490

    John Taverner

    English; organist and choirmaster; influenced by the Lutheran faith wrote for the Catholic liturgy; and important English composer in the first half of the 16th century
  • 1490

    Claudin de Sermisy

    French composer and singer; widely published in his day; many composers transcribed his music in his day
  • 1490

    Adrian Willaert

    Complex, continuous polyphony; strong advocate of textual expression; studied with Jean Mouton; served in Italian courts; extraordinary teacher; worked in Venice at St. Marks Cathedral
  • 1494

    Hans Sachs

    German Meistersinger; wrote thousands of songs
  • 1494

    Pierre Attaingnant

    French music printer and publisher; used movable type and a single impression
  • 1495

    Nicolas Gombert

    From Flanders; worked in the Spanish court; master of counterpoint; leading figure between Joaquin and Palestrina
  • 1496

    Johann Walter

    Protestant; German cantor, poet and composer; collaborated with Luther to create music for the German reformed services
  • 1500

    Cristobal de Morales

    Spanish composer and singer; especially popular after his death
  • 1505

    Thomas Tallis

    English organist; taught Byrd; he was Catholic during Henry VIII's troubled years; wrote both for the Latin and the reformed English liturgies
  • 1507

    Jacques Arcadelt

    Dutch; worked in Rome and Paris; famous for his early madrigals and his 3 to 7 voice masses (often homorhythmic style); well published in the 16th century
  • 1510

    Jacobus Clemens

    Dutch; also known as Clemens non Papa (indicating, "not the Pope"); worked in Spain for Charles V; prolific composer
  • 1511

    Nicola Vicentino

    Italian composer and theorist; advocated half steps (chromatic) and quarter-tones (microtonal); theorist and composer; built a harpsichord with 36 keys per octave; innovator in tuning systems
  • 1515

    Cipriano de Rora

    Flemish; worked in Ferrara and Parma; associated with Willaert
  • 1517

    Gioseffo Zarlino

    Important Italian theorist of counterpoint; composer; wrote Le istitutioni harmoniche in 1558 which helped establish the field of counterpoint
  • 1520

    Giovanni Animuccia

    Italian composer, Palestrina's predecessor in Rome, helped to establish the Roman style
  • 1520

    Adrien Le Roy

    French publisher, printer, composer, lutenist, author; ran the firm LeRoy and Ballard; author of pedagogical books for plucked strings
  • 1521

    Philippe de Monte

    At the Vienese and Prague courts; religious; Franco-Flemish; mixed polyphony and homophony; one of the most prolific composers of the Renaissance
  • 1525

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

    Became an icon of the Renaissance music for future generations; Roman style; responded to the requests of the Council of Trent to reform Catholic Church music; mostly contrapuntal liturgical music
  • 1527

    Vincenzo Galilei

    late 1520's;Italian composer, theorist, lutenist; father of Galileo Galilei, the astronomer; studied with Zarlino; champion of Greek music and member of the Florentine Camerata
  • 1528

    Francisco Guerrero

    Spanish composer; student of Morales; second only to Victoria in Spain
  • 1528

    Costanzo Porta

    Pupil of Willaert; teacher of Viadana; tried to please the Council of Trent
  • 1528

    Claude Le Jeune

    Parisian intellectual; respected by Kings; dedicated to the reform of music and poetry mystique measuree a l'antique; wrote 43 Huguenot psalms; one of the most significant composers of the second half of the 16th century
  • 1530

    Anthoine [Antoine] de Bertrand

    French composer; used much chromaticism and some microtones; published 3 books of secular polyphony
  • 1532

    Andrea Gabrieli

    Italian organist, composer, teacher; uncle of Giovanni; worked in Venice; pupil of Willaert; versatile and innovative
  • 1532

    Orlando di Lasso

    Also Roland de Lassus; widely traveled; employed G. Gabrieli in 1575; over 2000 compositions in all languages; one of the most versatile and prolic composers in the 16th century
  • 1534

    Count Giovanni Bardi

    Leader of the Florentine Camerata in the late 1570s-90s; Italian critic, poet, composer, and playwright
  • 1535

    Marc Antonio Ingegneri

    Italian composer who helped establish the Roman style; important madrigalist and composer of sacred music in North Italy; teacher of Monteverdi
  • 1535

    Giaches de Wert

    Pupil of de Rore; served the Dukes of Mantua and Parma; stormy personal life; text declamation was important to him; he influenced Monteverdi; friend of the poet, Tasso; wrote madrigals for the Concerto della donne
  • 1536

    Alessandro Striggio

    Italian lutenist and composer at Florentine Court; wrote one motet for 40 instrumental voices; a leading composer of madrigals and stage music
  • 1538

    Battista Giovanni Guarini

    Italian poet and dramatist; his poetry was set by many Baroque composers; he created the pastoral vogue that lasted into the 18th century
  • 1540

    William Byrd

    English; Catholic composer writing both Protestant and Catholic music in England; greatest English composer of his time
  • 1543

    Giovanni Maria Nanino

    Italian composer who helped carry on the tradition of Palestrina's Roman style; pupil of Palestrina; in 1580 started a music school with his brother
  • 1544

    Torquato Tasso

    Italian poet and playwright; his works have been flavored by composers for centuries
  • 1545

    Luzzasco Luzzaschi

    Italian composer; pupil of de Rore; Frescohaldi's teacher; wrote 8 books of madrigals one with written-out keyboard accompaniment; wrote madrigals for the Concerto delle donne
  • 1548

    Tomas Luis de Victoria

    Spanish; continued Palestrina's Roman style in Spain; studied in Rome sacred-music composer; the greatest Spanish composer in the Renaissance
  • 1550

    Orazio Vecchi

    Italian composer; he is remembered as a pioneer of dramatic music in the 16th century; important pioneer in the genre of madrigal comedy
  • 1553

    Luca Marenzio

    The leading madrigal composer of the late 16th century ; worked in Rome, Ferrara, Florence, and Warsaw (serving the King of Poland); influenced the English madrigal
  • 1554

    Giovanni Giacomo Gastoldi

    Famous for his 2 sets of ballet (strophic vocal dance-songs with passages of nonsense syllables); influenced the English
  • 1556

    Sethus Calvisius

    German music theorist, composer, teacher, and astronomer
  • 1557

    Thomas Morley

    English; contributed to the development of the English madrigal; important for music publication and printing; probably a pupil off Byrd; wrote in 1597, A Plaine and Easie Introduction to Practicall Musicke
  • 1559

    Lambert de Beaulieu

    French composer and singer; one of the composers credited with writing the first ballet, Ballet comique de la Reine in 1581 with Salmon
  • 1560

    Giovanni Bernardino Nanino

    Italian composer and teacher who helped carry on the Roman style of Palestrina; one of the first Roman composers to use basso continuo; brother of Giovanni Maria
  • 1561

    Carlo Gesualdo

    Known for his chromaticism; Neapolitan Prince of Venosa; murdered his wife and lover in 1590; leading composer of madrigals; extreme expressive intensity; Stravinisky was fascinated with his music; friends with the poet Tasso
  • 1562

    Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck

    Organist in Amsterdam; teacher; helped to lay the foundations of German organ music
  • 1567

    Thomas Campion

    English composer, poet, and doctor
  • 1567

    Claudio Monteverdi

    Ahead of his time; took music into a new style (seconda practica vs. the older, prima practice)
  • 1569

    Lodovico Agostini

    Italian composer; worked at the Vatican and Ferrara; from a musical family, perhaps nephew of Agostino Agostini
  • 1570

    John Cooper

    English composer, lutenist, and viol player; served the Prince of Wales
  • 1571

    Jacques Salmon

    French composer and singer; one of the people credited with writing the first ballet, Ballet comique de la Reine in 1581 with composer , Beaulieu