The Greeks valued a life rich with culture, intellect, and athleticism.
Boethius writes "De Institutione Musica"
De Insitutione Musica preserved Greek music theory and was influential enough that it was used by Oxford University professors until the nineteenth century.
St. Odo of Cluny develops early notation
Odo presented a use of letters to represent musical pitches from A-G.
Guido d'Arezzo Expands Upon Odo's Work
d'Arezzo invents another method for teaching notation using the first beginning tones from each of the first phrases of "Ut queant laxis" (Hymn to St. John) - most critically, the half step between Mi and Fa.
The Protestant Reformation
Martin Luther saw the importance of music and included it in the curriculum of the schools established under the influence of his religious teachings.
Spanish Conquistadors in Mexico
Hernando Cortez, and eventually Francisco Coronado (1540) brought music teachers newly-conquered Mexico to help convert the natives via music education (reading writing, instruments, Franco-Flemish manuscripts, instrument construction).
The Pilgrims arrive in the New World
Bringing the Book of Psalms by Reverend Henry Ainsworth written in 1612. This would be the original psalm book of the Plymouth Colony until 1692.
The Puritans Arrive
The Massachusetts School of Law of 1648
Essentially - without including any of the excessive dialogue - the laws left out music, intending on it being taught privately in singing schools.
French Religious Success with the Iroqouis.
Music instruction between the French and the natives was so successful that the Iroquois received papal permission to celebrate their services, including the mass, in their native language rather than in Latin.
Reverend John Tufts writes "An Introduction to the Singing of Psalm-Tunes
A leader in the movement to end music illiteracy, this was the first American textbook focused on improving music ability.
William Penn Arrives
Of the 100,000 Anglicans, Catholics, Lutherans, Mennonites, Moravians, Pietists, and Quakers living in Penn's new colony, many brought the music of Europe with them and prioritized it in schools.
Lowell Mason completes "The Boston Handel and Haydn Society Collection of Church Music"
This compilation of familiar hymns was the basis for his opening of The Boston Academy of Music
Vocal music programs are established.
The decade from 1830 - 1840 saw a meteoric rise in the establishment of vocal music programs in American schools.
William Channing Woodbridge delivers his legendary speech
"On Vocal Music as a Branch of Common Education" was used as a reference and literary milestone in American music education throughout history as it made the case for curricular music.
The Boston Academy of Music opens
The first music school of its kind, it immediately attracted so many students that additional staffing was required. One of its objectives was the introduction of "vocal music into schools, by the aid of such teachers as the Academy may be able to employ, each of whom shall instruct classes alternately in a number of schools"
Music approved for the first time in the public schools of Boston
The Boston School Committee approves the motion to allow the Committee on Music to employ a teacher of vocal music in the public schools of Boston for the first time as an integral curricular subject.
Horace Mann is the first president of AAAE
The American Association for the Advancement of Education, one of the organizations that became the NEA.
Theodore Thomas Orchestra
Responsible for most Americans' first exposure to a good orchestra playing the finest orchestral literature
Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965
Authorized $1.3bn to be funneled into classrooms around the nation. Music education received funding. "An ACT to strengthen and improve the quality and education opportunities in the nation's elementary and secondary schools."
Eben Tourjee forms the Music Teachers National Association (MTNA)
The first permanent association of musicians in the US, it was a result of a convention in Delaware featuring teachers from Ohio and Indiana.
NEA is formed
Formed from the National Association of School Superintendents and the American Normal School Association.
Austin A. Harding establishes the Department of Bands at Illinois
This was what became the framework for the nation to establish marching band programs.
Carl E. Seashore's "Measures of Musical Talents" is released
This lead to about 70 years of strong interest in aptitude tests, for better or worse.
NAESP is founded
National Association of Elementary School Principals.
Carl Orff establishes the Gunther Schule
Joseph Maddy forms the first National High School Orchestra
Consisted of 236 students from 30 states.
Walter Damrosch introduces millions of school children to classical music
He broadcasted In the Hall of the Mountain King, The Sorcerer's Apprentice, Omphale's Spinning Wheel, and The Flying Dutchman.
Elizabeth Beach gives a series of Christmas carol festivals on CBS Radio Network
This lead to a massive increase in choral enrollment
MSNC changes name to "Music Educators National Conference"
MENC publishes The 1940 Constitution: "Outline of a Program for Music Education"
Singing, rhythmics, listening, playing, and creating were recommended for elementary school. While updated in 1951, this was used for many years as an outline and a model for school systems by which music programs could be measured.
Brown v. Board of Education
The decision lead to more cultures, including jazz, to be introduced into the curriculum.
Soviet Union Launches Sputnik I
A sense of urgency overcame the American public to prioritize the sciences and support for the arts came at an expense of this.
Woods Hole Conference
Educators, physicists, historians, biologists, mathematicians, etc, gathered to propose ideas for improving education nationally, one of the first of its kind.
National Foundation on the Arts and Humanities is founded
Tanglewood is founded
Music educators agreed on 8 principles ranging from integrity to curriculum. All music has a place in the curriculum.
Edwin Gordon authors "Musical Aptitude Profile"
Organization of American Kodaly Educators is founded
NEA becomes more involved with music education
Throughout its history, the NEA has spent more than $260m on the arts.
MENC creates the Nationa. Commission on Music Eduation