800px claude debussy ca 1908, foto av félix nadar

Music History (Impressionist Music)

  • The Pines of Rome

    The Pines of Rome
    It is the second song in Lespigi's Rome trilogy, and shows his uniquely colorful and sophisticated orchestral technique. He introduced the church modes and Gregorian chants. He expressed four pines area in music with Impressionist method. The Pines of Rome
  • Period: to

    Gabriel-Urbain Faure

    He is a composer whose refined and gentle music influenced the course of modern French music. He is called the father of modern French music. Gabriel Faure
  • Period: to

    Claude Debussy

    A French composer who created impressionist music
    Being influenced by impressionist painters and symbolic poets
    Expressing the feelings and atmosphere of the moment in music
    Transcending all existing forms and rules
    Surpassing traditional harmony progressions
    Ambiguous, subtle, and fantastic sounds Debussy
  • Period: to

    Alexander Nikolaevich Scriabin

    He is a Russian composer and pianist who has created his own unique music. Scriabin composed unique and original music using Mystic Chords and Mystic Scales. He is a bold composer who combined from Renaissance to modern times, was influenced by Debussy, and wrote atonal music first before Schoenberg used the unstructured twelve-tone scale. Alexander Nikolaevich Scriabin
  • Period: to

    Maurice Ravel

    Joseph-Maurice Ravel was a French composer, conductor, and pianist. He is often mentioned alongside Claude Debussy as one of the pioneers of impressionist music. However, Ravel's music had a strong classical character. Ravel wanted to give impressionist music form and order. While respecting the function of harmony, he tried to save the phrase that conveys a clear sense of composition or represents it. Maurice Ravel
  • Period: to

    Ottorino Respighi

    Ottorino Respighi was an Italian composer, musicologist and violinist. He is perhaps best known for his Roman trilogy and the three suites of Ancient Airs and Dances. Ottorino Respighi
  • Starry Night(Nuit D'etoyles)

    Starry Night(Nuit D'etoyles)
    It is a song by Debussy, who added a song to a poem by Theodore de Bangville (1823-1891), which expresses "Dead Love" as a nostalgia. Including the unfinished songs, he left 85 songs. Starry Night Starry Night-Various versions
  • Requiem

    Fore's music can be divided into three periods, and the second one is a period of musical maturity. It is a time when he built his own music world with a unique sense of harmony, color, and vague but subtle energy. The most representative of them is Requiem. His Requiem is a work that feels deep contemplation and stillness that deviates from the traditional structure. He emphasized eternal rest, peace and tranquility. Requiem youtube
  • Pavane

    It is one of Foret's best-known works. It was originally a piano song, but it is better known for its version with added orchestral and chorus parts. The song is widely loved for its quiet and beautiful melody, delicate harmony, and Faureé's unique delicate composition technique. Pavane
  • Arabesque

    Debussy composed two arabesques for piano. The first one is famous and is the first piano song he released. Arabesque refers to a fantastic lyrical prop in the form of a piece of music that unfolds a single statue with colorful decorations. Arabesque
  • Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune(Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun)

    Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune(Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun)
    The music of this prelude is a very free illustration of Mallarmé’s beautiful poem. Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun
  • Sonata-Fantasy Op.19

    Sonata-Fantasy Op.19
    Scriabin's Piano Sonata No. 2 in G-sharp minor, took five years for him to write. He took its inspiration from nature: the sea. It is a style that combines Chopin-like romanticism and impressionistic touches, with two movements. Sonata-Fantasy Op.19
    Sonata-Fantasy youtube
  • Fountains(Jeux d'eau)

    Fountains(Jeux d'eau)
    It is a work that made Ravel famous as an impressionist composer. It is a solo piano song that expresses the delicate and diverse images of water droplets with a clear sound feast. Fountains
    [Fountains youtube](9https://youtu.be/v-QmwrhO3ec)
  • Opera Pelléas et Mélisande

    Opera Pelléas et Mélisande
    Debussy made Maurice Materlinck's famous symbolic play into an opera. It consists of five acts and is the only opera Debussy has completed. Pelléas et Mélisande
  • Estampes

    Debussy composed the piano solo "Estamps" in 1903
    This work expresses the impression of the moment rather than the plot with its atmosphere and color. It is said that the expressive power has become richer than the previous works. Containing exotic scenery, the painting is composed of three songs that Debussy has never actually been to and imagined. Estampes
  • Miroirs

    It is a five-piece compilation for solo piano performance. It contains a huge change in Ravel's Martian system and is one of the most esoteric of his piano pieces. Miroirs
  • La mer(The Sea)

    La mer(The Sea)
    The Sea – A Symphony of Three for orchestral music is a symphonic poem written by Claude Debussy
    His greatest masterpiece composed from 1903 to 1905 La mer(The Sea)
  • Suite Bergamasque

    Suite Bergamasque
    Debussy, who returned from a trip to the Bergamo region of northern Italy, began composing Suite Bergamasque in 1890. It was around that time that he decided to break up with the Wagnerian and take part in the "Tuesday Festival" and go on the path of a new artist. first song is "Prélude", second song is "Menuet", third song is "Clair de lune", and fourth song is "Paspied". Suite Bergamasque
  • Images Book 1

    Images Book 1
    It is a piano piece composed by Debussy. It consists of a total of 2 volumes, each of which consists of 3 songs, a total of 6 songs. Volume I L. 110
    I. Shadows on the Water (Reflets dans l'eau)
    II. In Praise of Ramo (Hommage a Rameau)
    III. Movement(Mouvement) mages Book 1
  • Images Book 2

    Images Book 2
    It is a piano piece composed by Debussy. It consists of a total of 2 volumes, each of which consists of 3 songs, a total of 6 songs. Volume 2 L.111
    I. Bells through the Leaves(Cloaches a travers les feuilles)
    II. The moon caught in a dilapidated temple((Et la descend sur le temple qui fut)
    III. Goldfish (Poisson d'or) Images Book 2
  • Devil of the Night(Gaspard de la nuit)

     Devil of the Night(Gaspard de la nuit)
    It is a piano compilation composed by Ravel based on three poems by the French poet Bertrand. It is known to be very difficult to play, especially the third song Scarbo, which is considered one of the most difficult piano pieces to play. Gaspard de la nuit
  • Preludes 1

    Preludes 1
    It is Debussy's greatest masterpiece and is known as the peak of modern piano music. Volume 1
    I. Danseus de Delphes
    II. sail
    III. The Wind Passing the Field
    IV. Sounds and scents waft through the evening atmosphere
    V. The hill of Anacapri
    VI. Footprints on the Snow
    VII. What the West Wind Seen
    VIII. A flax-haired maiden
    IX. The Broken Serenade
    X. The sunken cathedral
    XI. The Dance of Perk
    XII: The Minstrels Preludes
  • Pavane pour une Infante Défunte(Pavane for a Dead Princess)

    Pavane pour une Infante Défunte(Pavane for a Dead Princess)
    Pavane for a Dead Princess is one of Ravel’s most popular pieces alongside Boléro. Written in 1899, the original piano version was arranged for orchestra by the composer in 1910. Pavane pour une Infante Défunte
  • Images for orchestra

    Images for orchestra
    Composed between 1906 and 1912, Images was Debussy’s final concert work for orchestra. I. Gigues(Jigs)

    II. Iberia
    III. The Round Dances of Springtime(Rondes Du Printemps) Images for orchestra
  • Daphnis and Chloé

    Daphnis and Chloé
    Despite mixed reviews at the 1912 premiere, Daphnis is now recognized as Ravel’s greatest masterpiece. Ravel referred to Daphnis as a “choreographic symphony” rather than a ballet. Daphnis and Chloé
  • Preludes 2

    Preludes 2
    It consists of 12 songs, and it is difficult to find a connection between them. volume 2
    I. Fog
    II. Dried leaves
    III. The Door of Wine
    IV. Fairies who dance well
    V. A land full of heaths
    VI. An eccentric General Lavigne
    VII. Moonlight Splashing Terrace
    VIII. The Fairy of Water
    IX. In praise of Lord Pickwick
    X. A funeral complex
    XI. A third degree of rotation
    XII: Fireworks
  • Fountains of Rome

    Fountains of Rome
    Respigi selected four representative fountains of Rome to express the impression of nature against the backdrop of dawn, morning, day, and dusk, respectively. At its premiere, it was criticized, but when it was re-enacted by Tuscany received great acclaim, it was followed by "The Pine of Rome" and "The Festival of Rome" to complete the Roman trilogy. Fountains of Rome
  • Pictures at an Exhibition

    Pictures at an Exhibition
    Ravel arranged Mussorgsky's "Painting at the Exhibition", a piano song, into orchestral music. It consists of 10 songs, and Ravel's vivid orchestration has long overwhelmed the original piano in terms of popularity. Pictures at an Exhibition
    Pictures at an Exhibition youtube
  • Three Botticelliano Pictures

    Three Botticelliano Pictures
    Respigi was greatly moved by Botticelli's paintings, and among his paintings, he wrote a 1927 song on the theme of "Spring," "The Adoration of the Magi" and "The Birth of Venus". This is another masterpiece symphonic poem following the Roman trilogy. Trittico botticelliano
  • Bolero

    It is an orchestral piece composed by Ravel after being commissioned by dancer Rubinstein to write music for Spanish-style dance. Bolero
  • Festivals of Roman

    Festivals of Roman
    Respigi's 'Roman Trilogy' is a symphonic poem about Roman historical images, and the Roman festival is the last of these, boasting grand, powerful, and splendid dignity. While describing Rome's major festivals from ancient times to modern times, he effectively embodied old musical techniques such as Gregorio chants, drawing nostalgia for Rome with Italian-specific lyricism, combining modern composition techniques. Festivals of Roman