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To Kill a Mockingbird Context

  • Southern States Seceed

    Southern States Seceed
    Seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. In a single stroke, it changed the federal legal status of more than 3 million enslaved persons in the designated areas of the South from "slave" to "free".
  • 13th Amendment Ends Slavery

    13th Amendment Ends Slavery
    Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States and provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction."
  • General Lee Surrenders

    General Lee Surrenders
    General Lee of the South surrenders to General Grant of the North
  • Lincoln Assassinated

    Lincoln Assassinated
    President Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth; Andrew Johnson becomes president
  • End of Civil War Declared

    End of Civil War Declared
    President Johnson officially declared a virtual end to the insurrection.
  • Last Shots Fired

    Last Shots Fired
    Cherokee leader Stand Watie became the last Confederate General to surrender his forces.
  • Period: to

    Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws begin to take control over the rights of African Americans. Jim Crow laws mandated the segregation of public schools, public places, and public transportation, and the segregation of restrooms, restaurants, and drinking fountains for whites and blacks.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    Plessy v. Ferguson was a landmark United States Supreme Court decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal"
  • World War 1 Begins

    World War 1 Begins
    World War 1 begins with the assassination of the heir to Austria’s throne, Archduke Frans Ferdinand.
  • End of World War 1

    End of World War 1
    Germany signs the Treaty of Versailles and ends World War 1.
  • Harper Lee Born

    Harper Lee Born
    Harper Lee, author of To Kill a Mockingbird, born.
  • Stock Market Crashes

    Stock Market Crashes
    In the United States, people thought their country wouldn't become a victim of the Great Depression that had overtaken Europe. However, on the 29th of October, the stock market crashed sending the United States into their own Great Depression.
  • Scottsboro Boys

    Scottsboro Boys
    The Scottsboro Boys were nine black teenage boys accused of rape in Alabama in 1931. The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealt with racism and the right to a fair trial. The case included a frameup, an all-white jury, rushed trials, an attempted lynching, an angry mob, and is an example of an overall miscarriage of justice.
  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl
    Along with the Great Depression was the Dust Bowl in the middle of the country. The Dust Bowl took place in the Great Plains, which included Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, and Colorado. The Dust Bowl was caused by the lack of crop rotation; it basically killed the soil, which caused it to dry up, resulting in dust storms.
  • Great Depression Unemployment Peaks

    Great Depression Unemployment Peaks
    At the peak of the Great Depression, the unemployment rate had reached 8.7 percent, up from about 5 percent when the Great Depression had started. Unemployment was becoming a major issue as many people were living paycheck-to-paycheck, with only their last job to keep them going.
  • "To Kill a Mockingbird" Starts

    "To Kill a Mockingbird" Starts
    The setting of To Kill a Mockingbird’s story starts in the early summer.
  • Unemployed and Migrant Workers

    Unemployed and Migrant Workers
    Many workers in search of jobs often traveled by themselves, so they only had themselves to look after. They could also move easily from job-to-job. Many migrant workers were desperate for money, so the were willing to take lower paying jobs if it meant being paid at all.
    -The number of unemployed workers continued to rise. People just couldn't find jobs to support their families. Factories had no work to offer due to their shortages, as well.
  • Black Blizzards

    Black Blizzards
    The Black Blizzards were what convinced the government to take action and try to stop the Dust Bowl. One of the storms on the Great Plains was so bad that it carried dust all the way up the East Coast. When the senate looked out the window of the Capitol Building, they saw the storm coming
    -The effects of the Dust Bowl were enormous. Many families and their homes were completely destroyed by the storms. People were left to fend for themselves because their farms were their only source of income
  • End of To Kill a Mockingbird

    End of To Kill a Mockingbird
    The story ends in October.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Japan bombs Pearl Harbor. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the US entered WWII. With the increased needs of the war came increased jobs, which provided more job opportunities for the unemployed.
  • End of World War 2

    End of World War 2
    Japan surrendered, with the surrender documents finally signed aboard the deck of the American battleship USS Missouri ending the war.
  • Brown vs. Borad of Education

    Brown vs. Borad of Education
    Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, unanimously, (completely), agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The ruling paves the way for large-scale desegregation. The decision overturned (reversed) the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that ruled that blacks and whites are "separate but equal."
  • Rosa Parks Bus Boycott

    Rosa Parks Bus Boycott
    Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus to a white person, triggering a successful, year-long African American boycott of the bus system.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    For the first time since Reconstruction, the federal government uses the military to uphold African Americans' civil rights, as soldiers escort nine African American students to desegregate a school in Little Rock, Arkansas.
  • Greensboro Four

    Greensboro Four
    Four African American college students hold a sit-in to integrate a Woolworth's lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, launching a wave of similar protests across the South. By February 7th, there were 54 sit-ins throughout the South in 15 cities in 9 states.
  • To Kill a Mockingbird is Published

    To Kill a Mockingbird is Published
  • I Have a Dream

    I Have a Dream
    More than 200,000 people march on Washington, D.C., in the largest civil rights demonstration ever; Martin Luther King, Jr., gives his "I Have a Dream" speech.
  • Civil Rights Act Signed

    Civil Rights Act Signed
    President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act, which gives the federal government far-reaching powers to prosecute discrimination in employment, voting, and education.
  • Selma March

    Selma March
    Martin Luther King Jr. organizes a protest march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, for African American voting rights. A shocked nation watches on television as police club and teargas protesters.
  • Voting Rights Act Passed

    Voting Rights Act Passed
    In the wake of the Selma-Montgomery March, the Voting Rights Act is passed, outlawing the practices used in the South to disenfranchise African American voters.
  • MLK Assasinated

    MLK Assasinated
    Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated sparking a week of rioting across the country.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1968

    Civil Rights Act of 1968
    President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting
    discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
  • Go Set a Watchman Published

    Go Set a Watchman Published
    Go Set a Watchman, was written in the mid-1950s and controversially published in July 2015 as a "sequel", though it was later confirmed to be To Kill a Mockingbird's first draft.
  • Harper Lee Dies

    Harper Lee Dies
    Age 89