Timeline of the UNSC responses to the Syrian Conflict S

  • NO. 1

    The UNSC issues a presidential statement expressing its grave concern at the deteriorating situation in Syria, calling for Syrian authorities to fully comply with their obligations under international law, to cease the use of force and act with the utmost restraint, to allow access for international humanitarian agencies and cooperate with the OHCHR.
  • NO. 2

    In his speech to the UNGA, President Obama says there is “no excuse for inaction” in Syria and called upon the UNSC to sanction the regime.
  • NO. 3

    The Syrian Revolution General Commission asks the UNSC to “take all necessary measures to protect the civilian population under threat of attack including the installation, as a matter of urgency, of a UN monitoring mission.”
  • ON.4

    Russia and China veto a UNSC resolution that would condemn the violence in Syria and threatening sanctions.
  • ON. 5

    Germany summons Syrian ambassador Bashar Ja’afari to Berlin after his disparaging comments following the UNSC veto on the draft resolution, also stating that any spying and exerting of pressure on members of Syrian opposition in German is “in no way acceptable.”
  • NO.6

    The leader of the SNC says Western nations have not been “aggressive” enough in pressuring Russia to support UNSC action on Syria and calls for a conference that brings together the main stakeholders in the conflict.The leader of the SNC says Western nations have not been “aggressive” enough in pressuring Russia to support UNSC action on Syria and calls for a conference that brings together the main stakeholders in the conflict.
  • NO. 7

    British Foreign Secretary William Hague calls for greater pressure on the Assad regime, saying that the UK would like to pass a UNSC resolution condemning the violence.
  • ON. 8

    Nov 9 – During the UNSC’s open debate on civilian protection, Navi Pillay says there is a serious risk of the situation in Syria descending into an armed struggle; the US urges Syrian citizens not to surrender weapons to the government in response to Syria’s call to do so in exchange for amnesty; several countries express condemnation of the Assad regime; the US, Japan and France suggest the UNSC failed to protect civilians in not adopting a resolution condemning the violence.
  • NO. 9

    Syria agrees to extend the observer mission for one month, through February 23.
  • NO. 10

    The SNC calls on Syrian expatriates to stage protests at Russian embassies to “exert pressure” on Russia at the UNSC to adopt a resolution.
  • NO. 11

    At the UNGA meeting on Syria, Navi Pillay says that the failure of the UNSC to agree on collective action has emboldened the regime, which has committed crimes against humanity since March 2011.
  • NO. 12

    The UNSC issues a press statement calling upon Syria to “allow immediate, full and unimpeded access of humanitarian personnel to all populations in need of […] humanitarian assistance.”
  • NO. 13

    n an open letter to the UNSC, a group of 43 scholars and former statesmen urge the Council to revoke Assad’s “license to kill.”
  • ON. 14

    Apr 14 – The UNSC unanimously adopts Resolution 2024, authorizing an advance team of 30 unarmed observers to report on the implementation of the ceasefire.
  • NO. 15

    The UNSC unanimously adopts Resolution 2043, which authorizes the United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS), a 90-day deployment of 300 unarmed observers to monitor the ceasefire and full implementation of the Annan plan.
  • NO. 16

    The SNC urges the UNSC, UNSMIS observers, and international humanitarian agencies “to investigate the numerous cases of arbitrary detention and death-under-torture that regularly occur in Syria” as a “top-priority matter.”
  • NO.17

    UNSMIS observers meet with members of the Syrian opposition to assist with mediation efforts and “establish bridges to help build the space for a political process on the basis of the six-point plan.”
  • NO. 18

    Amnesty International says that increased use of helicopters by the Syrian army is putting civilians at an even greater risk and demonstrates the need for the UNSC to impose an arms embargo.
  • NO. 19

    Gerard Araud, France’s ambassador to the UN and president of the UNSC, says that the UNSC will not renew the mandate of UNSMIS because the conditions to keep the mission in Syria were not fulfilled. The UN will keep a presence on the ground with a liaison office in Damascus.
  • NO. 20

    EU High Representative Catherine Ashton says that the situation in Syria has worsened and the international community has a collective responsibility to overcome deadlock at the UNSC and agree on a common response for the Syrian people.