Timeline created by Unknown0
In History
  • Wilhelm Wundt

    Wilhelm Wundt
    Wilhelm Wundt founds the first experimental psychology lab in Leipzig, Germany, marking the moment psychology becomes its own field of study.
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis, begins treating patients in Vienna, Austria.
  • Freud

    Freud publishes The Interpretation of Dreams.
  • The British Psychological Society

    The British Psychological Society is formed.
  • Ivan Pavlov

    Ivan Pavlov
    Ivan Pavlov trains a dog to salivate on hearing the sound of a bell. Pavlov's dog becomes the first example of classical conditioning.
  • Carl Jung

    Carl Jung
    Carl Jung publishes The Psychology of Dementia Praecox. Jung begins to break away from Freud's ideas to develop his own theories of analytical psychology.
  • Max Wertheimer

    Max Wertheimer
    Max Wertheimer publishes his research on the phi phenomenon, which contributed to the development of the Gestalt school of psychology.
  • John Watson

    John Watson
    John Watson becomes a founder of the school of behaviourism, believing that all thoughts, feelings and actions are developed through conditioning.
  • Jean Piaget

    Jean Piaget
    Jean Piaget publishes The Moral Judgment of the Child.
  • Electroconvulsive therapy

    Electroconvulsive therapy
    Electroconvulsive therapy is used for the first time on a person. It becomes a popular method of treatment throughout the 40s and 50s (and remains in use today).
  • Carl Rogers

    Carl Rogers
    Carl Rogers publishes Counselling and Psychotherapy, encouraging therapists to adopt a client-centred approach. This method becomes widely practised.
  • Abraham Maslow

    Abraham Maslow
    Abraham Maslow, one of the founders of humanistic psychology, publishes his theory of the hierarchy of needs.
  • Albert Ellis

    Albert Ellis
    Albert Ellis publishes Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy, leading to the development of rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT).
  • Aaron Beck

    Aaron Beck
    Aaron Beck publishes a model of depression that suggests thoughts play a significant role. He is seen as the founder of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
  • Carol Gilligan

    Carol Gilligan
    Carol Gilligan publishes the feminist tract In a Different Voice.
  • Stephen Pinker

    Stephen Pinker
    Stephen Pinker's The Language Instinct is published.
  • Martin Seligman

    Martin Seligman
    Martin Seligman chooses positive psychology as the theme for his speech to the American Psychological Association, as its incoming president.
  • Simon Baron-Cohen

    Simon Baron-Cohen
    Simon Baron-Cohen's 'The Essential Difference: Men, Women and the Extreme Male Brain' proposes that autism may be an "extreme form of maleness".