Period: 1509 to 1547
Reign of Henry VIII
- Led costly wars.
- Got married several times.
- Creation of the Church of England.
Act in Restraint of Appeals
- Forbids appeals of ecclesiastical cases to foreign jurisdictions.
- The King's justice is the highest justice to which an English subject could appeal.
- The King has the legal power to annule marriages.
Act of Supremacy (1)Henry VIII is declared the heir of the church, and becomes "Supreme Head of the Church of England".
Pontefract ArticlesRebels demand the abolition of enclosures.
Period: 1536 to 1537
Pilgrimage of GraceRevolt in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire: a mix of economic grievances and resentment over a shift in power and institutions.
English bible becomes mandatory in churchesEnglish bible is produced and made mandatory in churches.
Every monastery in England had disappearedBy this year, every monastery in England had disappeared and their goods had been confiscated.
Period: 1547 to 1553
Reign of Edward VIKing at 9 years old.
Edward Seymour is Lord Protector.
Book of Common PrayersBook published under Edward VI, replacing every latin books in churches. It is the only lasting change from Edward VI's reign.
Period: 1553 to 1558
Reign of Mary IMary I, Queen of England and Ireland.
Daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
First regnant ever.
Married Phillip II of Spain.
Period: 1558 to
Reign of Elizabeth IDaughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.
The Virgin Queen.
Will never get married and will never have children.
Last monarch of the Tudor Dynasty.
Act of Supremacy (2)After Mary's reign, Elizabeth reaffirmed the authority of the Queen over the Church. The Queen becomes "Supreme Governor of the Church of England".
May 8, 1559
Act of UniformityEvery parish has to use the Book of Common Prayer, and people who do not attend an Anglican service are fined.
Period: 1563 to 1571
The 39th articles of faith
- Established the doctrine of the Church.
- A revised version of Edward's 42 articles.
- Still the main doctrinal frame for the Anglican Church today.
Period: 1568 to 1573
Marian Civil WarCivil war in Scotland. Mary Queen of Scots has to escape in England, where she is imprisoned for 19 years.
Period: Nov 9, 1569 to Jan 21, 1570
Northern RebellionAlso called The Rising of North.
6000 Catholic insurgents rebelled in order to replace Elizabeth I by Mary Queen of Scots.
- Distinction between "deserving poor", and "undeserving poor".
- Important heritage of the Elizabethan era.
- Only replaced after World War II.
Act to retain the Queen's Majesty's Subjects in their due ObedienceDeath penalty for converts; Catholic mass was forbidden.
Defeat of the Spanish Armada
- Sent by Philip II of Spain to invade Britain.
- Defeated because of bad weather and the good naval strategy of Britain.
- Qualified as "invincible".
Creation of the East India Company
- English joint-stock company.
- Formed to trade in the Indian Ocean region.
Begining of James I's reignKing James VI, king of Scotland, also becomes King of England after the two countries decide to share the same monarch.
First Stuart monarch.